Definition of congenital in English:

congenital

adjective

  • 1(of a disease or physical abnormality) present from birth:

    ‘a congenital malformation of the heart’
    • ‘The proportion of neonatal deaths attributed to major genetic or congenital abnormalities has increased.’
    • ‘In terms of congenital defects, the first trimester of pregnancy is the exposure period of interest.’
    • ‘Several congenital abnormalities are rendered less likely by an adequate folate intake.’
    • ‘Women with diabetes, renal disease, autoimmune disease, and congenital heart disease need intensive surveillance.’
    • ‘Defects caused by congenital infections result when a mother gets an infection before or during the pregnancy.’
    • ‘There are no documented congenital diseases specific to Austrian Americans.’
    • ‘It is the leading cause of pregnancy loss, congenital abnormalities and mental and physical retardation.’
    • ‘After birth, the first sign of congenital heart disease is often the presence of a heart murmur.’
    • ‘We excluded infants with congenital abnormalities precluding enteral feeding.’
    • ‘We looked at hospital admissions data for congenital and acquired syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.’
    • ‘Autopsy showed the presence of abnormal adrenal glands and multiple congenital abnormalities.’
    • ‘Of the 50 patients, 23 belonging to the paediatric age group had congenital diseases.’
    • ‘Family history should be obtained to evaluate the risk of congenital disease.’
    • ‘Because the baby is born with them, they're known as congenital infections.’
    • ‘Speaking of heart disease, is there a link between the risk of coronary and the risk of having a baby with a congenital abnormality?’
    • ‘Disturbances in this process may produce some of the more common congenital abnormalities: the neural tube defects.’
    • ‘This is a common congenital defect of the aorta, your body's main artery.’
    • ‘It can be caused by congenital defects or problems with the blood clotting.’
    • ‘Read about birth defects and congenital heart disease to learn more.’
    • ‘Some cases are due to congenital syndromes and others may be related to drug use such as steroids or marijuana.’
    inborn, inherited, hereditary, in the blood, in the family, innate, inbred, constitutional, built-in, inbuilt, ingrown, natural, native, original, inherent, unlearned, instinctual, deep-rooted, deep-seated
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    1. 1.1 (of a person) having a particular trait from birth or by firmly established habit:
      ‘a congenital liar’
      • ‘It is a product of the congenital inferiority complex of the Scots that they cannot believe in their own creations.’
      • ‘Even for a congenital hypocrite, he hit a high watermark this week.’
      • ‘I can say unequivocally that she is a congenital liar.’
      • ‘These people were wrong then and they have a congenital inability to admit it now.’
      • ‘At home he is tagged a congenital loser, unable to secure a single unambiguous victory for Labor in four previous tries.’
      • ‘The fact that he would have lied to inspectors back then doesn't show he's some sort of congenital liar.’
      • ‘I accept that when some people see him in such settings they see a war criminal or a congenital liar.’
      • ‘That I have a different opinion than you doesn't mean you get to treat my like a congenital idiot.’
      • ‘Only libraries and librarians can make reading a congenital habit.’
      • ‘Mary always wants her own way and, worse, is a congenital liar.’
      inveterate, compulsive, persistent, chronic, regular, pathological, established, long-established, long-standing, hardened, confirmed, committed, seasoned, habitual, obsessive, obsessional
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Origin

Late 18th century: from Latin congenitus, from con- together + genitus (past participle of gignere beget) + -al.

Pronunciation

congenital

/kənˈdʒɛnɪt(ə)l/