Definition of confound in English:

confound

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cause surprise or confusion in (someone), especially by not according with their expectations.

    ‘the inflation figure confounded economic analysts’
    • ‘In only a few years, it won't just be the Web that confounds you, it will be your personal computer.’
    • ‘As if that weren't enough, the disc itself will confuse and confound you.’
    • ‘Mind you, sometimes, now and again, Nature confounds us by letting an early break of fair skies extend itself a little, hover on the cusp of change and then, once the weather men are completely confused, settle in for a long hot summer.’
    • ‘But what's confounding me is how it managed to get through a dry cleaner and still be there.’
    • ‘Otherwise, this lack of clarity can confuse and confound viewers.’
    • ‘And perhaps they feel that by releasing some sort of statement helps raise again the fear level and confuse and confound their enemies.’
    • ‘I'm still confounded by how some of you manage to work full time and blog!’
    • ‘It will never cease to amaze me that so many people want to shop on a weekend and and it confounds me further that they are forming a queue at the door by 9.30 on a Sunday morning, if not sooner.’
    • ‘I was equally confounded by the metaphors of this tome.’
    • ‘So, it confounds me how these companies think by repeatedly asking you the same question they will endear themselves to you and think at some point you'll suddenly just change your mind.’
    • ‘I was confounded by this unexpected rationality.’
    • ‘After looking at the criminal justice system for many, many years that is what is confounding me tonight.’
    • ‘The mind of your average 15-year-old boy is a place that amazes, confuses, confounds and surprises.’
    • ‘So again like a good politician I shall try to tailor my ideology to make it sound more attuned to a reality that surprises and confounds me.’
    • ‘If you're a fan of either of these artists then this release isn't going to surprise or confound you.’
    • ‘The movie never attempts to surprise or confound us.’
    • ‘The Northeast is not where I grew up either, and Yankee culture (one of only many cultures within the history and heritage of the Northeast) still confounds me.’
    • ‘In spite of her years of experience, this instance confounded her.’
    • ‘It never looks good when individuals who provide the state with lists of names and such activity raises a whole host of moral questions but quite why there should be such a fuss about this list confounds me.’
    • ‘I know this record backwards and it still amazes and confounds me like a soulmate.’
    amaze, astonish, dumbfound, stagger, surprise, startle, stun, stupefy, daze, nonplus
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    1. 1.1 Prove (a theory or expectation) wrong.
      ‘the rise in prices confounded expectations’
      • ‘Gangs of criminals are confounding expectations by helping to reduce the fear of crime through making their neighbourhoods a safer place.’
      • ‘It was tremendous and I don't mind saying my expectations had been confounded.’
      • ‘Instead, he has confounded expectations, and his anti-corruption purge has made him something of a hero.’
      • ‘It was a low-key event, confounding expectations of gossip columnists dispatched to observe the dirt.’
      • ‘With competition for his signature from Holland, Spain and the lower reaches of the Premiership, it's just another reason for a move which may have confounded expectations.’
      • ‘What actually happened confounded such expectations.’
      • ‘It was a suitably surreal showpiece for a night that confounded all expectations.’
      • ‘Britons received four gold medals at the Athens Olympics, confounding cynical expectations that our athletes would trail home with only a miserable brace of bronzes.’
      • ‘Instead what you get is something inventive and of the moment - they play tunes from their CD's, but they also like mixing stuff up and confounding expectations.’
      • ‘Then you distort that in some way, and so confound the reader's expectation.’
      • ‘At the same time, the electorate behaves now and then in totally unexpected ways - throwing up verdicts that confound popular expectation.’
      • ‘Soup was included in our meals, and though billed as a lowly vegetable and beef concoction, it confounded our expectations by being one of the most memorable dishes of the night.’
      • ‘She confounds such theories in her account of her meeting with him.’
      • ‘The housing market is confounding expectations by growing steadily, the country's leading building society said on Tuesday.’
      • ‘I had this pre-formed idea of how Santa Monica would be and it has confounded all of my expectations.’
      • ‘The woman, head of Financial Services Tax, confounds the theory that all accountants are dull.’
      • ‘If we think of the average 18th-century male as being a condescending misogynist, then this man confounds our expectations.’
      • ‘Why, she's confounding our expectations once again, playing with our notions of gender and roles!’
      • ‘This has confounded the expectation that increased affluence, education, and contact with the outside world would reduce the preference for boys.’
      • ‘A man who has experienced tensions in the past as he and his international colleagues confounded all expectations to win the European Championships, beating the host nation in the final, he knew the perfect way to dissipate them.’
      invalidate, negate, contradict, counter, go against, discredit, give the lie to, drive a coach and horses through
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    2. 1.2 Defeat (a plan, aim, or hope)
      ‘we will confound these tactics by the pressure groups’
      • ‘Perhaps the anti-gambling lobby group has a person on the inside, confounding design plans, adding irrelevant bells, whistles and flashing lights.’
      • ‘He's absolutely incredulous about my becoming a pastor, as if it has confounded his tactics against my authority as his father and given me some extra power he is not prepared to contend with…’
      • ‘Parties and plans often confound the best intentions to live healthfully.’
      • ‘But surging goatgrass and declining rainfall combined to confound the plan and spurred him to look for a new spring crop.’
      • ‘Allies are made, lost and forgotten in a heartbeat; promoters confound the plan by putting our tumultuous trio up as closing act of the night on bills that are, frankly, baffling and then doing nothing to hype the venture.’
      baffle, puzzle, perplex, bewilder, mystify, bemuse, confuse, frustrate, nonplus, throw
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    3. 1.3archaic Overthrow (an enemy)
      ‘God chose to use natural disorders to confound Pharaoh and the gods of Egypt’
      • ‘We trust that the Lord will confound all your enemies.’
  • 2Mix up (something) with something else.

    ‘he was forever confounding managerialism with idealism’
    • ‘Neither should right be confounded with wrong.’
    • ‘Do not confound it with cowardice or ill-temper.’
    • ‘Many who have never had an opportunity of knowing any more about mathematics confound it with arithmetic, and consider it an arid science.’
    • ‘But this attempt to confound nationality with race is no better than the Russian attempt to confound it with unity of religion.’
    mix up, muddle up
    View synonyms

exclamation

dated
  • Used to express anger or annoyance.

    ‘oh confound it, where is the thing?’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French confondre, from Latin confundere ‘pour together, mix up’. Compare with confuse.

Pronunciation

confound

/kənˈfaʊnd/