Definition of conduct in English:

conduct

noun

  • 1The manner in which a person behaves, especially in a particular place or situation.

    ‘they were arrested for disorderly conduct’
    ‘a code of conduct for directors of listed companies’
    • ‘The point was inconsistent with the applicant's conduct of his case at trial.’
    • ‘Thus, child conduct problems were uniquely and negatively related to maternal Responsiveness.’
    • ‘They are not a second-order discussion of what constitutes ethical conduct.’
    • ‘And we can't fail to ignore possible negligent conduct from these manufacturers.’
    • ‘There will be cases of maladministration which do not involve unlawful conduct.’
    • ‘The order is for payment of costs thrown away or lost because of the conduct complained of.’
    • ‘Up to this time the appellant's conduct in relation to the fire was not open to criticism.’
    • ‘The Act prohibits anti-competitive conduct of various kinds.’
    • ‘There are unwritten conventions governing professional bar conduct.’
    • ‘Victims have to show that but for the defendant's negligent conduct they would not have been injured.’
    • ‘Unethical testimony also can be considered unprofessional conduct for purposes of licensure discipline.’
    • ‘Childhood conduct problems continued to be significantly associated with risk for young adult antisocial personality disorder.’
    • ‘The conduct complained of in this case therefore occurred in the United Kingdom.’
    • ‘What the Trade Practices Act does is make unconscionable conduct unacceptable to the law.’
    • ‘The Statement of Claim does not identify what was done by any individual defendant to constitute tortious conduct.’
    • ‘He could be charged with home invasion, kidnapping and criminal sexual conduct.’
    • ‘I would submit the claimant's conduct has been reasonable throughout.’
    • ‘Because he does not know the code of conduct in these situations, he does what comes naturally.’
    • ‘Dani is remanded to the juvenile correctional facility for conduct unbecoming a minor.’
    • ‘First, it broadens the classes of conduct amounting to crimes against humanity.’
    behaviour, way of behaving, performance, comportment, demeanour, bearing, deportment
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  • 2The manner in which an organization or activity is managed or directed.

    ‘the conduct of the elections’
    • ‘In recent years, organization and conduct of TE have been influenced by a number of main factors.’
    • ‘The war encompassed all spheres of State activity, while its conduct required tremendous outlays.’
    • ‘The cahiers of all three orders in the spring of 1789 were full of suggestions for improving and rationalizing the organization and conduct of religious life.’
    • ‘Sometimes government agencies, in their conduct of space activities, are viewed as competing with industry.’
    • ‘A data coordinating center at the University of California, San Francisco oversees the study conduct and will manage the resulting data.’
    • ‘We are talking about legislation that was directed to the conduct of the litigation itself.’
    • ‘Again the problems were not with the organisation and conduct of the elections, but the results.’
    • ‘A similar timidity seems to have characterized the administration's conduct of military operations during the occupation.’
    • ‘Indeed the anti-war movement internationally did affect the conduct of the war even if it could not prevent it.’
    • ‘The commission, comprising three international and two East Timorese commissioners, was responsible for the organization and conduct of the elections.’
    • ‘The Soviet military art attached much importance to organization and conduct of warfare with reliance on underground service lines.’
    • ‘Politics, meaning political objectives, therefore, still influences the conduct of wars.’
    • ‘Generally the rules govern the conduct of civil litigation.’
    • ‘Policies exist to provide the rule of law in an organization and to standardize the conduct of the organization's activities.’
    • ‘Such observance did not hamper, and may have positively assisted, the efficient professional conduct of operations.’
    • ‘If you have costs sought on one basis, that can affect the conduct of the litigation in that respect.’
    • ‘Mankind has attempted to regulate his conduct of warfare since earliest written history.’
    • ‘Since then, many wasted costs orders have been made as a result of the negligent conduct of legal proceedings.’
    • ‘All these innovations in organization and conduct of PsyOps were used on a smaller or greater scale in the U.S. military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.’
    • ‘Experience in combat action shows that this has brought about a number of specifics in the organization and conduct of effective engagement.’
    management, managing, running, direction, control, controlling, overseeing, supervision, regulation, leadership, masterminding, administration, organization, coordination, orchestration, handling, guidance, carrying out, carrying on
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    1. 2.1archaic The action of leading; guidance.
      ‘travelling through the world under the conduct of chance’
      • ‘Moreover, I think that our wisdom itself, and our wisest consultations, for the most part commit themselves to the conduct of chance.’
      • ‘It is scarcely possible that two travelling through the world under the conduct of chance should have been both directed to the same path, and it will not often happen that either will quit the track which custom has made pleasing.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Organize and carry out.

    ‘in the second trial he conducted his own defence’
    ‘surveys conducted among students’
    • ‘And they're on the run, and I don't think they're going to be spending a lot of time thinking about how to conduct new terrorist acts.’
    • ‘At trial the law student conducting the case was other than the one involved in the drafting of the pleading.’
    • ‘How they love to conduct their expensive witch hunt.’
    • ‘A call was made to the police, the teacher gave a statement and a search for the man was conducted.’
    • ‘Both had proved to work equally well in keeping the heathens at bay while the business of civilised men was conducted.’
    • ‘‘This manual suggests how students can organize and conduct school walkouts and demonstrations,’ wrote Leaver.’
    • ‘We can do prudent things to make it more difficult for terrorists to conduct major terrorist attacks, and that ought to be the focus of our efforts.’
    • ‘Do you have any criticism of the way she's conducted this process, though?’
    • ‘From February 1998 until June 2000 we conducted an anonymous survey among these patients.’
    • ‘We did conduct a couple of seances; during one I giggled hysterically throughout, much to my embarrassment.’
    • ‘The telephone poll of 1,004 residents was conducted by the North West Regional Assembly.’
    • ‘The Catholic University of Australia conducts teacher training for indigenous students on several of its campuses.’
    • ‘However, he said that it was intended to conduct a survey and carry out improvements in consultation with residents.’
    • ‘It's unlikely that local radical groups have the capability to conduct mass casualty attacks.’
    • ‘Well, I don't have time to conduct an objective character evaluation of every judge some people find questionable.’
    • ‘Now Councillor Nigel Francis is conducting a survey among businesses in the town to gauge reaction to options open to them.’
    • ‘Student surveys will be conducted each year to assess their satisfaction with the course.’
    • ‘Siena College was sparked by noting this belief among their students to conduct a poll of 354 historians to rank the most trying times.’
    • ‘Students conduct surveys and even produce 30-second TV spots.’
    • ‘If at all possible, conduct a small pilot study to determine how well your research instruments work.’
    manage, direct, run, be in control of, control, oversee, supervise, be in charge of, preside over, regulate, mastermind, administer, organize, coordinate, orchestrate, handle, guide, govern, lead, carry out, carry on
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  • 2 Lead or guide (someone) to or around a particular place.

    ‘he conducted us through his personal gallery of the Civil War’
    ‘a conducted tour’
    • ‘He conducted us to an open rail car attached to an ancient, rusting electric engine.’
    • ‘This characteristic of life may be likened to the effect of a force which governs our development and conducts us from birth to death.’
    • ‘The opening shot conducts us through the corridors of Rémy's hospital.’
    • ‘The patron conducted us to a little back room where our table was reserved.’
    • ‘Those leaderships conduct us to the border of the precipice. The only way to avoid it is to wipe out the national borders, the imperialist ruling and the capitalist private property.’
    • ‘Mumbling distractedly, she conducts me through the hundreds of exhibits.’
    • ‘With one other, I was commissioned to conduct him from Melbourne's splendid old Menzies Hotel to a banquet tendered in his honour by the Victorian Rationalist Society.’
    • ‘It must involve getting hold of a member of the park staff - not always an easy task - and conducting him or her to the spot.’
    • ‘She was conducted on a tour of the stud by General Manager John Clarke.’
    • ‘Far from me and from my friends, be such frigid philosophy as may conduct us indifferent and unmoved over any ground which has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue.’
    • ‘Taking each house in turn, Gordon conducts the reader on a visit, assisted by ninety-two half-tone plates and by six plans printed on a fold-out sheet inside the rear cover.’
    • ‘That evening, Simone brought another meal and a guide, Marcel Queinnec, to conduct us on the next step of our journey.’
    • ‘The master of ceremony bows to the guest of honor and conducts him to a place on the east side of the hall not far from, but opposite to where the host is standing.’
    • ‘Finally on behalf of the group they wish to thank Peter Connolly who conducted the tour as guide and driver.’
    • ‘He conducts us through the spaces of an altogether typical small American city as if it were the spook house at an abandoned amusement park.’
    • ‘Thus it is that I have an appointment at the showroom at 2.30 this afternoon when he will personally conduct me on a guided tour of all the goodies he has to offer automobile wise.’
    • ‘At the first village he came across he could easily find a guide to conduct him to Germelshausen, and then he could not miss the road again.’
    • ‘Next, one of the ‘lucky’ males already living in the flat conducts him to his new room, which happens to have a balcony overlooking what looks like Old Trafford.’
    • ‘The local guide conducts us to another thatched-roof hut.’
    • ‘Though the Amish generally do not meet visitors, nor allow their houses to be visited, we met an Amish gentleman who conducts visitors around the farm in his horse drawn cart.’
    escort, guide, lead, usher, pilot, accompany, show, show someone the way
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  • 3Physics
    Transmit (a form of energy such as heat or electricity) by conduction.

    ‘heat is conducted to the surface’
    • ‘Copper is valued for strength, malleability, ductility, and ability to conduct electricity and heat.’
    • ‘This variation suggests there could be a large amount of material beneath Europa's surface that conducts electricity.’
    • ‘Arctic Silver 3 was formulated to conduct heat, not electricity.’
    • ‘We found out that the metal that we used to conduct heat to the water inside the endcap was not aluminium.’
    • ‘By constantly pumping water over the surface of the processor, you conduct the heat away.’
    • ‘These impurities modulate the silicon's ability to conduct electricity (conductivity).’
    • ‘Once it turns to plasma, the air can easily conduct electricity with the free electrons, and the bolt of lightning shoots to the ground through the plasma conductor.’
    • ‘The tubes are made of copper because copper conducts electricity and magnetism very well.’
    • ‘They conduct heat and electricity almost as well as pure copper, but are stronger, harder, and more resistant to fatigue and corrosion.’
    • ‘Low-cost, easily manufactured polymers that conduct electricity could revolutionize electronics, they say.’
    • ‘Unlike most metals, they conduct electricity without losing any energy as heat.’
    • ‘Salts conduct electricity well when melted or when dissolved in water or some other solvents but not when they are solid.’
    • ‘A laser beam, by itself, cannot conduct electricity because it contains no charge carriers such as electrons to produce a current flow.’
    • ‘Copper conducts heat and electricity extremely efficiently and is less expensive at the present.’
    • ‘Materials that conduct electricity without resistance continue to surprise physicists.’
    • ‘In gases, atoms may become ionized, so that the resultant free electrons and ions are free to conduct electricity.’
    • ‘New measurements show that their surfaces can conduct electricity, even though the bulk material cannot.’
    • ‘In theory, high-temperature superconductors conduct electricity with no resistance.’
    • ‘Such randomly shaking atoms could be key to developing materials that conduct electricity, but not heat.’
    • ‘They conduct electricity and heat, have high densities, and boil and melt at high temperatures.’
    transmit, convey, carry, transfer, pass on, hand on, communicate, impart, channel, bear, relay, dispatch, mediate
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  • 4Direct the performance of (a piece of music or an orchestra, choir, etc.)

    ‘the concert is to be conducted by Sir Simon Rattle’
    • ‘Alexexander Lazarev conducts the orchestra in performances of works by MacMillan, Shostakovich and Mahler.’
    • ‘The broadcast is packed with Christmas music, as John Rutter conducts the choir and the orchestra.’
    • ‘Downes conducts the orchestra and chorus like a true Italian, and he restores some of the traditional cuts, both large and small.’
    • ‘Will you conduct a choir differently than an orchestra?’
    • ‘It staged classical music concerts, one conducted by Sir Adrian Boult.’
    • ‘He should be invited back to conduct our major orchestras as soon as possible.’
    • ‘Bernstein conducts this music as if it represented an afternoon of joy - which in fact it is.’
    • ‘John Beanhoven, a famous orchestra player and composer, was conducting the music.’
    • ‘Sebastian conducts the music from Coppélia; the orchestra is the RIAS Symphony Orchestra.’
    • ‘Hard graft and study of the score allowed him to master a wide repertoire without nationality kinships questioning his ability to conduct music from all periods.’
    • ‘In February 2005, he returns to Halle to conduct massed choirs from around the world with the Orchestra of the Opera House.’
    • ‘Michael Boder conducts the responsive orchestra with detailed insight as well as concern for stage/pit balance.’
    • ‘Sullivan was given a 98-piece orchestra to conduct at the premiere, and he makes good use of it.’
    • ‘Leonard Slatkin conducts the National Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall.’
    • ‘Botstein conducts this music warmly and with loving patience.’
    • ‘Sandy will be conducting a small orchestra and choir at the free performance, and collecting for the St Mary's Convent appeal.’
    • ‘Carter was never content to merely arrange the music and conduct his stellar orchestra.’
    • ‘The choir was conducted by director of music Haydn James, accompanied at the piano by Sian Gwawr.’
    • ‘Isn't it painful for Ashkenazy, who himself was a keyboard tyro and winner of the Tchaikovsky piano competition in 1962, to conduct another person in a work he once made his own?’
    • ‘As long as Masur is here, why not let him conduct the music he does best?’
  • 5Behave in a specified way.

    ‘he conducted himself with the utmost propriety’
    • ‘But the only way to judge whether someone has learned the lessons of his mistakes is how he conducts himself thereafter.’
    • ‘‘A business that conducts itself in this way is no longer one I could be bothered dealing with’.’
    • ‘Perhaps more than the success or failure of any given intervention is the way in which the United States conducts itself abroad.’
    • ‘I think Joe helps the vice president and Democrats in one very important way, which is he combines his spirituality with how he conducts himself in public office.’
    • ‘A Scottish Labour spokesman said: ‘Big donations have no effect whatsoever on how the Labour party conducts itself.’’
    • ‘He preferred observing people, watching the way they conducted themselves, the way they behaved towards their environment.’
    • ‘But I am critical of most aspects of the EU as it now conducts itself.’
    • ‘The way Battier carries and conducts himself also stands apart.’
    • ‘An organisation which conducts itself in this manner can have no real aspirations to engage with the political mainstream.’
    • ‘But if British politics is to be rehabilitated it is going to take a great deal of hard thinking about how this government conducts itself.’
    • ‘They receive points along the way for the manner in which they conduct themselves and carry out their duties.’
    • ‘Your players and management team can also take great credit; not only on their performance on the pitch but also on the way they conducted themselves throughout the day.’
    • ‘It is surely an unanswerable case that the future status and governance of the organisation - of any organisation - should be determined precisely by how it conducts itself.’
    • ‘The threat of intimidation and violence to those exercising this right is the antithesis of how a law-abiding and civilized nation conducts itself.’
    • ‘We are often proud of our humaneness and the complex way China conducts itself in the management of human resources.’
    • ‘‘Bode is a great guy and I've learned so much just from being around him and the way he conducts himself,’ adds Mickel.’
    • ‘He wants Timothy to know and to be able to teach others how to behave and conduct themselves in the church.’
    • ‘They carry out their job with greater commitment and responsibility and conduct themselves much better in spite of having seen fewer summers.’
    • ‘He behaves, acts and conducts himself like a real actor.’
    • ‘Oh, I agree with Diane in that regard, that I think it's going to be a lot shorter than people think because of the way Melville conducts himself.’
    behave, perform, act, acquit oneself, bear oneself, carry oneself
    comport oneself, deport oneself
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Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from Latin conduct- brought together, from the verb conducere. The term originally denoted a provision for safe passage, surviving in safe conduct; later the verb sense ‘lead, guide’ arose, hence ‘manage’ and ‘management’( late Middle English), later ‘management of oneself, behaviour’ (mid 16th century). The original form of the word was conduit, which was preserved only in the sense ‘channel’(see conduit); in other uses the spelling was influenced by Latin.

Pronunciation:

conduct

/kənˈdʌkt/