Definition of condensation in English:

condensation

noun

mass noun
  • 1Water which collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid air is in contact with it.

    ‘the inside of the cab steamed up with condensation’
    • ‘Also known as hydrosols, floral waters are the condensation that is collected after plants are steamed to extract their essential oils.’
    • ‘Don't have a bath or shower before viewers arrive as the room will be steamy and it might give the impression that you have a condensation problem.’
    • ‘It can help to reduce building maintenance requirements by eliminating or drastically reducing condensation on the interior surfaces of windows, particularly in cold climates.’
    • ‘Are windows and interior surfaces free of condensation?’
    • ‘Typically, plates are inverted during incubation to prevent condensation droplets from falling onto the surface of the agar.’
    • ‘If the warm packages are handled with unsterile hands or placed on cold surfaces where condensation may form, the sterility of the package may be compromised.’
    • ‘He wiped away a layer of condensation from the surface, all cold and slippery, then peered into his pores.’
    • ‘The conditions causing mold (such as water leaks, condensation, infiltration, or flooding) should be corrected to prevent mold from growing.’
    • ‘In the case of a condensation problem, you should have your basement insulated with some dry-lined, insulated plasterboard.’
    • ‘Oh, how wondrous it looked to him; the red and yellow striped umbrella calling out his hunger, with pretzels and chips suspended in a case on the cart, sodas and water sweating beads of condensation.’
    • ‘In the winter, condensation on cold walls encourages mold growth, but even thick insulation can be invaded if vapor barriers in exterior walls are not effective.’
    • ‘The ceiling fans are on, the droplets of condensation are running in rivulets down our lime sodas, the table is laid.’
    • ‘Thinking back, I recalled droplets of condensation.’
    • ‘If the moist air can't reach the cool surfaces, it won't release water as condensation.’
    • ‘Making his way to one of the deep blue glass pillars that adorned the laboratory, he gently swept some beads of condensation off the surface.’
    • ‘Since fans have to be installed inside to evaporate water condensation, a lot of noise is caused, which is more difficult to resolve than dripping.’
    • ‘The second is that as it is exposed to the warmer air of the room it gains a featherlight condensation, the gentlest acknowledgement of its chill freshness.’
    • ‘Floaters often look like cobwebs, worms, rings, dots, or specks, which are actually condensations in the vitreous humor of the eye.’
    • ‘Reduce the potential for condensation on cold surfaces by adding insulation.’
    • ‘Evoke felt the cold also as condensation from the cold rose up from the wet ground.’
    moisture, water droplets, steam
    View synonyms
  • 2The conversion of a vapour or gas to a liquid.

    ‘the cloud is caused by condensation in the air’
    • ‘If more molecules are leaving the gas and becoming liquid then the process is condensation.’
    • ‘By repeating vaporization and condensation, individual components in the solution can be recovered in a pure state.’
    • ‘When the temperature drops below what is termed the dew-point, there is a net condensation and a cloud formation can occur.’
    • ‘If the air parcel is cooled, the gaseous water molecules slow down and take a liquid form, so condensation dominates.’
    • ‘And in top-quality work, both pipes should be insulated, hot water to minimize heat loss and cold water to prevent surface condensation.’
    • ‘There was probably a lot of sulphur, sulphuric acid, a lot of carbonation and condensation, all very damaging to the concrete.’
    • ‘In cold climates, the condensation and frosting of water vapor when warm exhaust air meets subzero outdoor temperatures is a concern.’
    • ‘The opposite of evaporation is condensation where vapor changes to a liquid.’
    • ‘If the air cools below this point it is supersaturated with water, and condensation occurs to restore the balance.’
    • ‘The melting and freezing point of a liquid are always the same temperature, the boiling point and the condensation point are also at a characteristic temperature.’
    • ‘The size of both tubes must be equal because the humidity of the air is changing constantly and so condensation of moisture on the tubes is different.’
    • ‘If warm water affects evaporation, let's see if cooling water vapor affects condensation!’
    • ‘They have shown that Mars today has a unique climate that is dominated by the condensation and sublimation of its major atmospheric constituent, carbon dioxide.’
    • ‘The condensation is generally activated from the vapour phase of the material.’
    • ‘Avoid condensation of water on fruit after it is removed from cold storage.’
    • ‘A gas changing to a liquid is condensation and a liquid changing to a solid is freezing.’
    • ‘The resulting upward motion at fronts causes cooling of the air, condensation of water vapour to produce clouds, and eventually precipitation.’
    • ‘While oil with just 300 hours of use appears to be in good condition, it can contain moisture picked up via condensation caused by temperature fluctuations.’
    • ‘Keep in mind, though, that some basement moisture problems stem from condensation rather than leakage, which will be discussed later in this guide.’
    • ‘The cuvettes were connected to a gas analyser by copper tubes that were warmed by electric cables to avoid condensation of water vapour.’
    precipitation, liquefaction, deliquescence
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Chemistry count noun A reaction in which two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, producing a small molecule such as H₂O as a by-product.
      • ‘Peptide bond formation is a condensation reaction leading to the polymerization of amino acids into peptides and proteins.’
      • ‘The first synthetic polymer produced by a condensation reaction was Bakelite.’
      • ‘The simplest peptide, a dipeptide, contains a single peptide bond formed by the condensation of the carboxyl group of one amino acid with the amino group of the second with the concomitant elimination of water.’
      • ‘Imide resins are prepared by the condensation of an anhydride and diamine, via a polyamic acid intermediate.’
      • ‘These molecules are synthesized by the condensation of CDP-diacylglycerol with PG.’
    2. 2.2Psychology The fusion of two or more images or ideas into a single composite or new image, as a primary process in unconscious thought exemplified in dreams.
      • ‘Like all symbioses it was bound together and sustained by the primary processes of uncritical displacement and condensation.’
      • ‘The work of condensation in dreams is seen at its clearest when it handles words and names.’
      • ‘They are the products of the same mental processes that produce dreams - such as symbolization and the condensation of multiple meanings into one picture.’
      • ‘As Jones pointed out, any symbol is the result of psychological condensation.’
      • ‘Freud analyses what he calls the technique of jokes, and points out that some of the mechanisms employed are indeed to be found in dreams; in particular, condensation, and the substitution of one word for another.’
  • 3count noun A concise version of something, especially a text.

    ‘a readable condensation of the recent literature’
    • ‘The house is a condensation of the past, representing how this city has developed from a century ago to the present.’
    • ‘And I've just discovered that this cluster is also referred to as a condensation, as in ‘a small local cluster of galaxies that condensed out of the general expansion of the Universe’.’
    • ‘He's a condensation of the many things that are broken in people - the dull, agonizing itches that persist deep within us.’
    • ‘The stag films, promotional and training material, B-movie condensations, countdown leaders, newsreels and intertitles he uses operate as commentary rather than as entertainment.’
    • ‘He has written about a hundred short stories, many articles, condensations of Ramayan and Mahabharat, Chalantika, a much-used Bengali dictionary and translated the Gita and Meghdoot.’
    • ‘We have one other major article, a condensation of a piece by Dave Snowden from the Journal of Knowledge Management.’
    • ‘Where were the unpredictable twists of idea and phrase that poetic condensation conjures up?’
    • ‘Death prevented this and Oberon has steadily resisted improvement at a variety of hands; the most satisfactory version does seem to be a condensation of the composer's original.’
    • ‘So I offer the following condensations on the basis that they'll either inspire trips to the bookshop, or save you the bother.’
    • ‘The image is a heavily marked condensation of motifs concerned with repressed sexuality, knowledge, visibility and vision, intellectuality, and desire.’
    • ‘It's online to subscribers only but it is essentially a severe condensation of my monograph on the subject.’
    • ‘The second, ‘Of the Passions', was a condensation and revision of the second book of the Treatise.’
    • ‘Anticipating the visual world of television, it surpassed even the condensations of the news weeklies and digest by summarizing in photographs instead of in text.’
    abridgement, summary, synopsis, precis, abstract, digest, encapsulation
    shortening, abridgement, abbreviation, cutting, summarization
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from late Latin condensatio(n-), from condensare ‘press close together’ (see condense).

Pronunciation

condensation

/kɒndɛnˈseɪʃ(ə)n/