Definition of community in English:

community

noun

  • 1A group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.

    ‘Montreal's Italian community’
    ‘the gay community in London’
    ‘the scientific community’
    • ‘It was the first fully indigenous feature to come out of Winnipeg and was inspirational to the local film community.’
    • ‘In writing this book, I am aware of the likely responses of the community of sociologists.’
    • ‘She called for the Asian and white communities to pull together and support her.’
    • ‘Frank was very well known in the farming community due to his cattle haulage business.’
    • ‘We are determined to stand together and support the Jewish community.’
    • ‘The local legal community had turned out in record numbers to see their own do battle.’
    • ‘The mercantile and trading community might thus share power with other interests.’
    • ‘If he makes the team, he could perk up interest in the area's large Hispanic community.’
    • ‘According to Natasha, he was popular in the Albanian community and had many friends in Bristol and Oxford.’
    • ‘Leaders of the Protestant/unionist community need to make this a little more clear.’
    • ‘Claims that Manchester is becoming a segregated society - in which white, black and Asian communities are living separate lives - have been dismissed.’
    • ‘One of the growing trends in hotel art programs is to focus on the local art community.’
    • ‘These figures do not take into account a growing lesbian and gay Internet community.’
    • ‘The business community has expressed interest in the project, Mullen said.’
    • ‘Mr Erridge said Callum had befriended the local motorcycling community as he enjoyed riding on the back of his dad's bike.’
    • ‘All of the doubts of the scientific and intelligence community were kept from the public.’
    • ‘I know I've been a responsible member of the African-American, gay, and entertainment communities.’
    • ‘Herself and Martin were members of the local farming community during their years in the Robeen area.’
    • ‘The Jain community will coming together to make this event a big success.’
    • ‘It set a new tone about the business community and unions working together from a different perspective.’
    group, section, body, company, set, circle, clique, coterie, ring, band, faction
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    1. 1.1 A group of people living together and practising common ownership.
      ‘a community of nuns’
      • ‘The nineteenth and twentieth centuries have seen a number of communitarian anarchist experimental communities in which a substantial effort was made to live out the ideals of the doctrine.’
      • ‘By the early eleventh century the community of St Cuthbert owned extensive estates in northern Britain between the Tweed and the Tees.’
      • ‘In 1987 Father Cyril was appointed as a founding member of the new community of St Bede's at the Bar Convent in York.’
      • ‘Paula expended her inheritance on building and supporting the twin communities and led her community of women with sensitivity and humility.’
      • ‘These physical prayer devices are very common in Tibetan Buddhist communities.’
      • ‘Monasticism was introduced into Anglo-Saxon England by Augustine of Canterbury, himself a monk, the first community being St Augustine's, Canterbury.’
      • ‘They wanted to build a closed community where they could practise polygamy away from prying eyes.’
      • ‘On the eve of the 1848 revolution Cabet was involved in plans to set up an experimental community in Texas.’
      • ‘Once a year I spend a weekend at a Buddhist monastery populated by a community of monks and nuns.’
      • ‘It is the only Benedictine community for nuns in Ireland and is experiencing a serious decline in vocations.’
      brotherhood, sisterhood, fraternity, confraternity, sorority, colony, institution, order, body, circle, association, society, league
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    2. 1.2 A particular area or place considered together with its inhabitants.
      ‘a rural community’
      ‘local communities’
      • ‘Vermont can be described as a collection of rural communities, with nine cities, 236 towns and 60 villages.’
      • ‘He added: ‘We already take decision-making out to local communities through our eight area committees.’’
      • ‘Now if the pilot scheme in Congleton and Macclesfield is successful it could be extended to rural communities across the county.’
      • ‘One resident, who did not want to be named, said the area around the shooting was a strong, local community.’
      • ‘It is envisaged that the activities will take place in local communities using games areas, community centres and parks.’
      • ‘North Yorkshire and East Riding County Councils cover similar demographic areas - market towns and rural communities.’
      • ‘Many Nebraskans live in homes located in rural areas or small communities that do not have access to a public wastewater treatment system.’
      • ‘A scheme which offers rural communities grants for local projects has ended after a successful three year tenure.’
      • ‘Particularly say in urban areas or rural communities, we have a lot of trouble hiring teachers in certain fields.’
      • ‘The commission calls for more support for bus services in smaller communities and rural areas as well as changes in the way buses are funded by the Government.’
      • ‘Labour has improved things in schools, hospitals and communities in rural areas like ours.’
      • ‘The guide explains how affordable housing can be built to help meet the needs of local people in rural communities.’
      • ‘Superintendent John Fitzgerald said that the use of Gardai in estate areas and communities outside the town was of high priority.’
      • ‘The state is offering help for local urban and rural communities that lack supermarkets or other fresh-food retailers.’
      • ‘There are permanent markets in the major towns and market days in rural communities.’
      • ‘We would love to have the involvement from towns, villages and communities from the surrounding areas that do not have a parade themselves.’
      • ‘So far, the project, which targets rural communities in poor areas of urban centers, has been implemented in three districts.’
      • ‘Thomas was also popular among the young and old living in the tight knit community of Kilkea and surrounding area.’
      • ‘The school was located in a town that also served students from local rural communities.’
      • ‘Participants also will travel to one of ten neighboring communities throughout the area to experience the impact the arts have on the community.’
      district, region, zone, area, local area, locality, locale, neighbourhood
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    3. 1.3 A body of nations or states unified by common interests.
      in names ‘the European Community’
      • ‘The party has perceived Britain as belonging to a community of nations with common interests and values.’
      • ‘Being part of the community of nations carries with it certain responsibilities.’
      • ‘The existence of a single currency will remove exchange-rate conversions when money moves across national boundaries within the Community.’
      • ‘We do need a strong community of European nations where matters of common interest can be addressed.’
      • ‘The role of the European Parliament is to adopt the Community budget, amend and approve legislative proposals in conjunction with the Council, and to investigate complaints of maladministration.’
    4. 1.4the community The people of a district or country considered collectively, especially in the context of social values and responsibilities; society.
      ‘preparing prisoners for life back in the community’
      • ‘The protection of plants and animals should be the responsibility of the community.’
      • ‘There are people who are dangerous to society, who the community will want to keep locked up.’
      • ‘This is the plain answer to any who might query the responsibility of the community in the matter.’
      • ‘You have a responsibility to the community to uphold responsible journalism.’
      • ‘Young people were encouraged to be responsible members of the community at a workshop.’
      • ‘The judge said she could have gone to prison if anybody had been hurt but her job was of value to the community and her behaviour had been out of character.’
      • ‘Isn't it your responsibility to ensure the community receives value for money?’
      • ‘The loss of the independent retailer dominated market also has a marked effect upon the social structure of the community.’
      • ‘Nixon suggested that this would allow for a yearly review of the organization's value to the community.’
      • ‘Historically, the family has been the basic social unit of the community.’
      • ‘Such reductions can come without increasing efficiency but at a social cost to the community.’
      • ‘Addressing TB as a public health issue has evoked a very generous response from the community at large.’
      • ‘Interventions shown to be effective in secondary care may therefore have limited value in the community.’
      • ‘The group is made up of youth members who aim to make an impact on the community by organising social and fundraising events.’
      • ‘The aim is to help these people to establish themselves as valued members of the community.’
      • ‘The government's position is that helping the needy is a moral responsibility of the community itself and not just of the state.’
      • ‘We should do whatever we can to make sure their work is valued in the community.’
      • ‘She took her responsibilities to serve the community seriously and now she's gone.’
      • ‘It gives the police a more social role and forces the community, too, to take some responsibility.’
      • ‘They taught the young ones how to behave, about values in the community.’
      population, populace, people, citizenry, public, general public, body politic, collective
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    5. 1.5as modifier Denoting a worker or resource designed to serve the people of a particular area.
      ‘community health services’
      • ‘Then they went to a mobile police station and gave his description to a group of community constables.’
      • ‘Such a claim might lead to the observation that the draughtsman's costs alone could have paid for at least one community nurse for a year.’
      • ‘The difference is that the PSA wants automatic progression to the top pay rates for community nurses.’
      • ‘And today it was revealed that community officers will begin to patrol their own patches from April.’
      • ‘During his time there he worked as a patrol officer and community constable.’
      • ‘The workshops are being led by Salisbury-based community artist Alex Grant.’
      • ‘The centre would have a main activity area designed to accommodate community arts, leisure and sports.’
      • ‘There are a group of community gardeners who come along once a month to help out and volunteer their time.’
      • ‘The community psychiatrist said he would refer Henry to the Gardener unit in Manchester.’
      • ‘Acomb's three main ward areas were regularly patrolled by community officers, or ward managers.’
      • ‘An important point in community broadcasting is that each community broadcaster is unique and special.’
      • ‘In Mali, debt relief has allowed the recruitment of 5,000 community teachers.’
      • ‘That's far more likely to occur in a community physician's office or an emergency room.’
      • ‘He added that community officers were working with cemetery staff to help protect the site and had offered to include it in their patrols.’
      • ‘Selby and York PCT community nurses will be getting on their bikes to beat the race traffic.’
      • ‘Tom was the last of the old guard who were a group of true community policemen.’
      • ‘Will there be any compensation for students and community teachers who have been deprived of human rights?’
      • ‘The Irish Wheelchair Association has a vacancy for a worker on a community employment scheme.’
      • ‘Roger is flabbergasted and said that he has received support from police officers and community safety workers.’
      • ‘The next job was to secure the services of a community artist to assist in the tuition.’
  • 2mass noun The condition of sharing or having certain attitudes and interests in common.

    ‘the sense of community that organized religion can provide’
    • ‘In fact there is a sort of joint community, of shared reference, between every region that it has been aired.’
    • ‘The general principle of the Convention is to achieve a balance between the interests of community and the rights of the individual.’
    • ‘Gillard-Rowlings says the piece is universal in its examination of community and sense of place.’
    • ‘It is hard to think of a local scene without a locus, to have a sense of community without a common sense of place.’
    • ‘What kept me in the group was more the sense of friendship and community than a sense of religion.’
    • ‘Don't we all want to live somewhere with a strong sense of community and more than a few defiant unique selling points thrown into the bargain?’
    • ‘Do you have a slightly over-exaggerated sense of family and community?’
    • ‘Human interdependence and a vested interest in each other's welfare instill a sense of community.’
    • ‘With about 75,000 residents in an eight-square-mile area, the town has a strong community spirit.’
    • ‘Any sense of community and collectivity is subverted by the status quo.’
    • ‘People are seeking neighbourhoods with heart and a sense of community.’
    • ‘Public places that help foster a sense of community and nurture civic culture.’
    • ‘Corrall sees this newly implemented global awareness leading to a better local awareness of community.’
    • ‘If ‘we’ has not taken over from ‘me’, the attitudes needed for successful community are not in place.’
    • ‘A lot of our social stability and sense of community has gone, along with the deference we used to show to authority.’
    • ‘She had a true sense of community and will be sadly missed by her relatives, kind neighbours and friends.’
    • ‘This is a man with an illness, a family and an unwavering commitment to community.’
    • ‘It was a celebration of community through shared storytelling and of the human ability to create art.’
    • ‘His daughter may have been more outgoing but she shared his sense of community.’
    • ‘There is a real sense of community at this school and there are many families who have had several generations of children come here.’
    • ‘No collective spirit, no sense of community, everyone standing around on their own and staring into the middle distance.’
    • ‘Superficially at least, the heightened sense of community encourages better standards of behaviour.’
    • ‘With its attendant parade and fireworks displays, Derby Week in Louisville promotes festive community spirit around this mid-sized River City.’
    1. 2.1in singular A similarity or identity.
      ‘the law presupposes a community of interest between an employer and employees’
      • ‘Under this part a group is a group that shares a distinct community of interest.’
      • ‘He understood that the country and Nazi Germany shared a community of aims.’
      • ‘They are bound by no community of interest, and their claims are not capable of being ascertained by any common system of valuation.’
      • ‘We tend to believe our immediate relatives and friends, we share a community of credibility.’
      • ‘We need this community of interest to be based on and a part of sound, equitable decision making.’
      • ‘Australia does not share only a community of values with the United States.’
      • ‘We may share a community of interest, but we have little else in common with America.’
      • ‘There is a real community of interests here, if only both sides would see it.’
      similarity, similar nature, likeness, sameness, comparability, correspondence, agreement, alignment, parallel, parallelism, closeness, affinity
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    2. 2.2 Joint ownership or liability.
      ‘the community of goods’
      • ‘Property represented a problem for medieval economic thinkers because both scripture and natural law sanctioned the community of goods.’
      • ‘It is religious belief, religious practice (ritual), and community of goods that holds them together.’
      joint ownership, common ownership, shared possession
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  • 3Ecology
    A group of interdependent plants or animals growing or living together in natural conditions or occupying a specified habitat.

    ‘communities of insectivorous birds’
    • ‘The members of this family are relatively common in Carboniferous faunal communities.’
    • ‘In the natural environment, however, plants grow in communities and it is under these conditions that the root proliferation response has evolved.’
    • ‘A similar picture is seen in the Silurian, with five communities inhabiting the same area and forming concentric belts parallel to what was then the shoreline.’
    • ‘These mixed communities supported a community largely made up of suspension feeders.’
    • ‘The park's current flora is analyzed by habitat and four plant communities are described and discussed.’

Phrases

  • the international community

    • The countries of the world considered collectively.

      ‘the policy led to widespread condemnation from the international community’
      • ‘Political pressure from the international community is needed to help the situation.’
      • ‘He underlined that the challenge was not simply to Britain and America but to the whole international community.’
      • ‘Now is the time for the international community to show its worth.’
      • ‘It's time to let the international community know that Canada is taking a stand, he said.’
      • ‘The international community is preparing to impose punitive sanctions.’
      • ‘The resignation did not come out of the blue, but it still sent shockwaves through the international community.’
      • ‘Further action must only be taken if it receives the support of the international community.’
      • ‘The UN is the international community's ultimate legal forum, but the techniques are the same.’
      • ‘People smuggling is a crime that the international community needs to combat.’
      • ‘The inquiry needs to stick to presenting the facts if it is to maintain credibility in the international community.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French comunete, reinforced by its source, Latin communitas, from communis (see common).

Pronunciation

community

/kəˈmjuːnɪti/