One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An association between two organisms in which one benefits and the other derives neither benefit nor harm.
- ‘The beater syndrome is a form of commensalism - the unilateral transfer of benefits from one species to another at little or no cost to the benefactor.’
- ‘This can be interpreted as a clear example of commensalism similar to many shrub-understorey experiments.’
- ‘There are numerous other examples of symbiosis, mutualism, commensalism and parasitism between ray-finned fishes and other groups.’
- ‘This is typical commensalism: birds benefit from the activities of elephants but do not affect the huge mammals in any way.’
Top tips for CV writingRead more
In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV.