Definition of colonialism in English:

colonialism

noun

  • [mass noun] The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically:

    ‘the state apparatus that was dominant under colonialism’
    • ‘Cecil Rhodes once said that those who oppose civil war must support colonialism.’
    • ‘The Cold War was over, colonialism was history, an era of global peace and prosperity seemed imminent.’
    • ‘That doesn't mean, however, that anyone opposing colonialism is on the side of human rights, does it?’
    • ‘This is the clearest manifestation of resurgent imperialism and colonialism on a world scale.’
    • ‘In Africa the wars in Angola and Mozambique began as struggles against colonialism.’
    • ‘He said the Falklands issue was not one of colonialism or imperialism.’
    • ‘To have the leader of a great economic power admit that he has a debt and a duty to the losers of globalisation and colonialism is a massive step forward.’
    • ‘Another way to come at the statement is through the politics of race and colonialism.’
    • ‘What, for instance, is the difference, if any, between imperialism and colonialism?’
    • ‘Such academic dominance begs questions of intellectual colonialism and the politics of representation.’
    • ‘Sugar is as much bound up with the history of slavery and colonialism as cotton, which this column looked at last week.’
    • ‘The most important factor that constrained the development of vast tracts of the planet was colonialism.’
    • ‘He left the Communist Party at a later period when its Stalinist policies meant that he was told not to criticise colonialism.’
    • ‘The positive case argues that, on the contrary, colonialism played an economically progressive role.’
    • ‘Their fight against and defeat of colonialism brought us political independence.’
    • ‘Many in the global south regard tourism as a new form of colonialism and cultural imperialism.’
    • ‘Since the end of colonialism, we have acquired decades of evidence of what works and what fails in the third world.’
    • ‘This period has been characterised by a resurgence of imperialist wars and outright colonialism.’
    • ‘The war to secure the control of oil and gas resources in Central Asia ushered in a new era of colonialism.’
    • ‘In any case, both groups were against Japanese colonialism and embraced Chinese nationalism.’

Pronunciation:

colonialism

/kəˈləʊnɪəlɪz(ə)m/