Main definitions of colón in English

: colon1colon2

colon1

noun

  • 1A punctuation mark (:) used to precede a list of items, a quotation, or an expansion or explanation.

    • ‘I have been finding too many contradictory sources on the use of colons versus semicolons, and now can remember neither quite right.’
    • ‘Add a bracket to a colon and you get the text-message version of a smiley badge.’
    • ‘But it's hard enough for some people to acquire an instinctive sense of the different uses of commas, let alone the employment of colons and semi-colons.’
    • ‘In less formal writing, the dash is often a catch-all mark to take the place of both colon and semicolon, obviating the need to distinguish them or think about more subtle kinds of punctuation.’
    • ‘Programming languages often consist of a seemingly random usage of parenthesis, brackets, asterisks, slashes, colons and semi-colons.’
    1. 1.1A colon used in various technical and formulaic contexts, for example a statement of proportion between two numbers, or to separate hours from minutes (and minutes from seconds) in a numerical statement of time.
      ‘10:1’
      ‘4:30 p.m’
      • ‘Time is in army format without the colon between hours and minutes.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (as a term in rhetoric denoting a section of a complex sentence, or a pause before it): via Latin from Greek kōlon limb, clause.

Main definitions of colón in English

: colon1colon2

colon2

noun

Anatomy
  • The main part of the large intestine, which passes from the caecum to the rectum and absorbs water and electrolytes from food which has remained undigested.

    • ‘This antioxidant effect may also reduce the risk of some cancers, particularly of the breast and colon.’
    • ‘A second surgery the following day revealed a hole the size of pencil eraser in the colon where the two sections had been sutured together.’
    • ‘Its goal is the purification and rejuvenation of the colon, because the colon is linked to all the other organs and tissues of the body.’
    • ‘It colonises the newborn's colon within hours of birth, and serves important intestinal physiological functions for the rest of the host's life.’
    • ‘He sustained a punctured colon, a collapsed lung, and a lacerated liver and kidney.’
    gut, guts, entrails, viscera
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek kolon.

Main definitions of colón in English

: colon1colon2

colón

noun

  • The basic monetary unit of Costa Rica and El Salvador, equal to 100 centimos in Costa Rica and 100 centavos in El Salvador.

    • ‘The U.S. dollar is strong there, worth about 400 colones, the Costa Rican currency.’
    • ‘This sounds like pricey poker, but 30,000 colones is only about $9 US, so I wondered, with fields of about 100 players a night, how the casino was guaranteeing a prize pool of at least $10,000 US.’
    • ‘‘People are not interested in dollars or colones; they just want money,’ Barraza declared during the February forum.’

Origin

From Cristóbal Colón, the Spanish name of Christopher Columbus (see Columbus, Christopher).

Pronunciation:

colón

/kɒˈlɒn/

Main definitions of colón in English

: colon1colon2

Colón

proper noun

  • The chief port of Panama, at the Caribbean end of the Panama Canal; population 87,800 (est. 2009). It was founded in 1850 by the American William Aspinwall (1807–55), after whom it was originally named.

Pronunciation:

Colón

/kɒˈlɒn/