One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A jointly operated amalgamation of several smallholdings, especially one owned by the state.
- ‘Ivan Denisovich's thoughts lie in his hometown of Temnenovo, where he learns from his wife's letters that the men of the village are abandoning the kolkhoz, or collective farms.’
- ‘Many Soviet-era state and collective farms still operate, producing grains, melons, grapes, and silk as well as cotton.’
- ‘Neither the collective farm nor the state farm seemed to provide a framework in which peasants would give of their best.’
- ‘Although enterprise privatization reform had some effect on the performance of state and collective farms, independent farmers were influenced by the progress of land reform.’
- ‘However, even under Tito, many farmers opposed collective farms, and while the government did run several such large-scale operations, small, privately owned farms were permitted as well.’
- ‘Only repeated volleys from the detachment finally dispersed the crowd which then attacked the collective farm, taking back grain and cattle and destroying account books.’
- ‘Twenty-six specialized fruit and wine-growing state farms in the south and south east of the country owned 85 per cent of the total vineyard area with the rest divided between collective farms and individuals.’
- ‘He urged his fellow villagers not to enter the collective farm, telling them that the collective farm meant ‘hunger and ruin.’’
- ‘Estonian agriculture meanwhile is still recovering from the massive upheaval of the Soviet era, when farmers were forced into collective farms of about 4000 ha under threat of deportation to Siberia.’
- ‘Reindeer became the property of collective farms, and herders were organized into brigades (working teams).’
- ‘Each year woman, children and even competing small farmers are forced to harvest the crop on big collective farms.’
- ‘Visions of Labour imposing collective farms on the small farmers of Kerry and other areas may well have lost some Labour TDs crucial votes.’
- ‘On a collective farm like Diggers' Mirth, by contrast, ‘everyone working there has the same level of commitment and care and ability to work long and hard.’’
- ‘Only about 70 of its villagers still work in agriculture, and that's with tractors on a large collective farm, not water buffaloes on tiny individual plots.’
- ‘Agricultural land had been mainly owned by state or collective farms during the Soviet period.’
- ‘Some went to live on collective farms, the kibbutzim, which were among Israel's most imaginative innovations.’
- ‘History taught these people that Junkers were all bad: a few loaves of bread from a man residing on 1,000 hectares of land previously worked by the collective farm is not going to change their opinion overnight.’
- ‘The fifth chapter covers Soviet life on the collective farms, treating what Soviet life meant to collectivized peasants and those on state farms.’
- ‘The break-up of the Soviet-era collective farms has resulted in a small number of farmers doing rather well, while the majority are struggling to survive.’
- ‘Travellers from the North's countryside tell of soldiers standing guard over grain and searching vehicles around collective farms to stop peasants selling the harvest.’
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