One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A jointly operated amalgamation of several smallholdings, especially one owned by the state.
- ‘Only about 70 of its villagers still work in agriculture, and that's with tractors on a large collective farm, not water buffaloes on tiny individual plots.’
- ‘Reindeer became the property of collective farms, and herders were organized into brigades (working teams).’
- ‘Visions of Labour imposing collective farms on the small farmers of Kerry and other areas may well have lost some Labour TDs crucial votes.’
- ‘Neither the collective farm nor the state farm seemed to provide a framework in which peasants would give of their best.’
- ‘Ivan Denisovich's thoughts lie in his hometown of Temnenovo, where he learns from his wife's letters that the men of the village are abandoning the kolkhoz, or collective farms.’
- ‘However, even under Tito, many farmers opposed collective farms, and while the government did run several such large-scale operations, small, privately owned farms were permitted as well.’
- ‘Some went to live on collective farms, the kibbutzim, which were among Israel's most imaginative innovations.’
- ‘The break-up of the Soviet-era collective farms has resulted in a small number of farmers doing rather well, while the majority are struggling to survive.’
- ‘He urged his fellow villagers not to enter the collective farm, telling them that the collective farm meant ‘hunger and ruin.’’
- ‘History taught these people that Junkers were all bad: a few loaves of bread from a man residing on 1,000 hectares of land previously worked by the collective farm is not going to change their opinion overnight.’
- ‘Many Soviet-era state and collective farms still operate, producing grains, melons, grapes, and silk as well as cotton.’
- ‘Agricultural land had been mainly owned by state or collective farms during the Soviet period.’
- ‘On a collective farm like Diggers' Mirth, by contrast, ‘everyone working there has the same level of commitment and care and ability to work long and hard.’’
- ‘Travellers from the North's countryside tell of soldiers standing guard over grain and searching vehicles around collective farms to stop peasants selling the harvest.’
- ‘Although enterprise privatization reform had some effect on the performance of state and collective farms, independent farmers were influenced by the progress of land reform.’
- ‘Twenty-six specialized fruit and wine-growing state farms in the south and south east of the country owned 85 per cent of the total vineyard area with the rest divided between collective farms and individuals.’
- ‘Only repeated volleys from the detachment finally dispersed the crowd which then attacked the collective farm, taking back grain and cattle and destroying account books.’
- ‘Each year woman, children and even competing small farmers are forced to harvest the crop on big collective farms.’
- ‘Estonian agriculture meanwhile is still recovering from the massive upheaval of the Soviet era, when farmers were forced into collective farms of about 4000 ha under threat of deportation to Siberia.’
- ‘The fifth chapter covers Soviet life on the collective farms, treating what Soviet life meant to collectivized peasants and those on state farms.’
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