Definition of cohort in English:

cohort

noun

  • 1treated as singular or plural An ancient Roman military unit, comprising six centuries, equal to one tenth of a legion.

    • ‘Sometimes linked with Mars, he was honoured by various senior officers, by soldiers of all the legions, and by the cohort at the fort of Birdoswald.’
    • ‘Initially designed for cavalry, the fort was garrisoned by an infantry cohort of 800 men in the C2.’
    • ‘He replaced the existing praetorian guard with sixteen cohorts recruited from his German legions.’
    • ‘Clearly Firmus is a key individual, as he has the authority to allocate grain to a detachment of legionaries in the fort; yet does this mean that he is a senior centurion of one of the cohorts, or is he just a middle-man?’
    • ‘They were adopted by the Romans, and under the system introduced by Marius became the characteristic standard of the legion, with different devices being used for those of cohorts and centuries.’
    • ‘The cohorts, divided into six centuries (100 men in each century) commanded by a centurion, became the main tactical unit of the army.’
    • ‘A legion varied in strength from four-thousand to six-thousand men, and was subdivided onto ten cohorts.’
    unit, outfit, force
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  • 2treated as singular or plural A group of people with a shared characteristic.

    ‘a cohort of civil servants patiently drafting legislation’
    • ‘Among the primary readjustment problems for this cohort were the poor economic situation, the attitudes and gossip of locals, inefficiency, and the slow pace of life.’
    • ‘The distribution of occupations among the first three generations is significant per cohort and therefore not due to chance.’
    • ‘This October its first undergraduate cohort launches a new BA in geography & archaeology.’
    • ‘In a cohort of experienced Swiss general practitioners most were unable to interpret correctly numerical information on the diagnostic accuracy of a screening test’
    • ‘Laslett was part of a remarkable cohort of undergraduate historians at St John's College, Cambridge in the late 1930s which included the likes of John Habbakuk and Edward Miller.’
    • ‘In a cohort of 220 patients recruited from general practice, a quarter died within three months.’
    • ‘The top schools cater for a cohort of students whose parents can afford to pay for grinds and revision courses.’
    • ‘Exactly how China's future cohorts of young men are to be socialized with no prospect of settled family life and no tradition of honorable bachelorhood is a question that can be asked today, but not answered.’
    • ‘The researchers studied the reported mortality rates and causes of death in a cohort of women who used homeless shelters in Toronto.’
    • ‘A cohort of more than 900 women who delivered by cesarean section at a large Vietnamese hospital was studied over a four-month period in 1997.’
    • ‘Modern warfare, modern weaponry is so hi-tech that if you try to run our defences on the basis of conscription, you have your professional soldiery permanently employed training successive cohorts of conscripts.’
    • ‘Having spent months recruiting, training, and developing a cohort of staff, directors wonder what they might do to entice staff to return.’
    • ‘As a result, the Army will soon have a cohort of company grade officers who are accustomed to operating independently, taking the initiative, and adapting to changes.’
    • ‘To begin, I will discuss two central notions - the issue of nationalism and the issue of women as a political cohort - from a deconstructionist perspective.’
    • ‘The rollback has been gradual, first offering free doctor's visits to children, then pensioners, then subsidies to various cohorts of adults - and now, it finally seems to be bearing fruit.’
    • ‘This cohort had difficulty settling down in the more pacific atmosphere of the New Economic Policy.’
    • ‘Subjects responding may represent a cohort of individuals who are more motivated and generally more compliant with therapy than nonresponders.’
    • ‘There is no way earlier cohorts of illicit immigrants are going to be deported except through due process which may be redefined if necessary.’
    • ‘Both the Roman Catholic and the Dutch Reformed denominations were underrepresented in the cohorts; Roman Catholics more so than Dutch Reformed.’
    • ‘A New Zealand survey was conducted by the ministry of Research Science and Technology to examine the experiences of a cohort of graduates in the first five years after they graduated.’
    1. 2.1 A group of people with a common statistical characteristic.
      ‘the 1940–4 birth cohort of women’
      • ‘The charts and data presented are very interesting, including the revelation that male modern heights and standards were achieved by the birth cohort of 1925.’
      • ‘Although biomass allocation patterns were statistically significant between cohorts during juvenile growth stages, the most obvious differences were at late-fruiting.’
      • ‘Indeed, nine of the eleven shop assistants in the 1899 cohort were migrants into the city.’
      • ‘This 1997 survey group was generally more positive about their experiences at school than previous cohorts of school leavers had been.’
      • ‘Five of the databases were established over 50 years ago, four being cancer registries and one a longitudinal birth cohort.’
      • ‘Our program seeks to build a community of learners by bringing together each year's cohort for a common course each semester.’
      • ‘Of their children, taking the cohort born before 1968, however, only a third remained in unskilled work, and 54 per cent were in clerical or management posts.’
      • ‘Similarly, the association of family and school problems with early age of onset of escalated drug use was also consistent across gender and birth cohorts.’
      • ‘Flanagan was twenty-one years old when she joined the Central Branch of the league as part of the 1899 cohort.’
      • ‘Accordingly, the Census Bureau combined its samples, basing its estimates on four-year cohorts.’
      • ‘For infant deaths and postneonatal deaths, deaths were attributed to the year of birth, and the 1981-1991 birth cohort was analyzed.’
      • ‘Later age of onset of first drug use was significantly associated with delayed age of first treatment among all male birth cohorts and females born before 1971.’
      • ‘At the national level, they show that for most of the twentieth century, each successive cohort of young people left home at an average age below that of the cohort immediately preceding them.’
      • ‘Deaths due to malignancy were mainly linked to smoking, previously shown as common in our cohort.’
      • ‘This flattening off persisted after allowing for expected delay in diagnosis in more recent birth cohorts.’
      • ‘In June 1999 Taylor et al published in the Lancet the results of a study in which they identified children diagnosed as having autism in the North East Thames region for birth cohorts from 1979 to 1992.’
      • ‘However, even though the age cohort is restricted for pension cases, and the men limited to Civil War veterans, the data may be wider and deeper than they first appear.’
      • ‘The Sutton Trust, an educational charity, compared two cohorts of young men, born in 1958 and 1970 respectively.’
      • ‘The only exception to this generalization comes from the Dublin 1899 cohort, where the percentage dropped to just slightly more than one-tenth of the membership.’
      • ‘Next we examined the extent and direction of attitude change for both males and females as we followed single year birth cohorts over time.’
      group, grouping, category, categorization, grade, grading, classification, class, set, section, division, order, batch, list
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  • 3derogatory A supporter or companion.

    ‘young Jack arrived with three of his cohorts’
    ‘a long-time cohort of the band’
    • ‘For the easily confused, a cast directory helps you to identify all the various roles for the Pythons and their supporting cohorts.’
    • ‘AS NAT ‘KING’ COLE BEGAN his concert, Adams and his cohorts waited in the shadows for a signal to rush the stage.’
    • ‘Graves used his influence to get one of his closest Landmark cohorts, A. C. Dayton, appointed as president of the Sunday School Union and himself selected as secretary.’
    • ‘Much too far by their own reckoning but not far enough in the eyes of ardent nationalists and radical land reformers like Davitt and his cohorts.’
    • ‘How to understand the older generation which supported Hitler and his cohorts?’
    • ‘The major reform of the CAP was agreed in 2003 and supported by the British and their cohorts in the so-called club of six member states, she said.’
    • ‘Without precisely encouraging strife among his cohorts, Hitler was capable of remarkable neutrality - an ability to remain above the battle.’
    • ‘Not wanting to be outdone by Reagan and his cohorts, Democratic Party politicians took every opportunity to promote anticommunism and militarism.’
    • ‘Elaine May plays Frenchy's batty sister and Tony Darrow, Michael Rapaport and John Lovitz offer able support as Ray's cohorts.’
    • ‘While both Vovelle and Furet toured colloquia in every continent, they never appeared together on the same platform, and Furet and his cohorts boycotted the biggest conference of the year organized by Vovelle in Paris.’
    • ‘Goodenow and his cohorts tell the players that fans support them, but just who the heck does the NHLPA think will back their picket line when the owners turn to replacement players next winter?’
    • ‘Yet far more of the portraits of Pompadour were not shown in public at all, destined instead for palatial private decors where they could be enjoyed alone by the King and his cohorts and by her own intimates.’
    • ‘Ian McGeechan and his cohorts of coaches will no doubt spend countless hours in a darkened room poring over this video-nasty; let's hope they can work the oracle before the visit to Rome in a fortnight.’
    • ‘Hunter felt comfortable in Norway's relaxed air and brought a few old cohorts for company.’
    • ‘He's a cohort of Ricci's and he worked in the Smart neighborhood.’
    • ‘Unlike his cohorts of the early 1980s, Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat, Kenny Scharf has yet to be given a major New York museum exhibition.’
    • ‘Although there are a few solid cohorts of these fine men who are still fighting for worker justice, by and large the generation of religious leaders that grew up during the great labor organizing expansion is dying.’
    • ‘He and his ideological cohorts are willing to brand any and all groups they dislike as ‘terrorists,’ then use our tax dollars and military to kill them.’
    supporter, follower, adherent, devotee, champion, backer, upholder, promoter, fanatic, fan, enthusiast, stalwart, zealot, disciple, votary
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Usage

The earliest sense of cohort is ‘a unit of men within the Roman army’. In the mid 20th century a new sense developed in the US, meaning ‘a companion or colleague’, as in young Jack arrived with three of his cohorts. Although this use is well established (it accounts for the majority of the citations for this word in the Oxford English Corpus), some people object to it on the grounds that cohort should only be used for groups of people, never for individuals

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French cohorte, or from Latin cohors, cohort- ‘yard, retinue’. Compare with court.

Pronunciation

cohort

/ˈkəʊhɔːt/