Definition of cognition in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.

    • ‘Forging a closer relationship between the education process and the process of cognition is key to creative thinking.’
    • ‘The findings from these experiments have been taken to demonstrate the role of cognition in the experience of emotion.’
    • ‘This research focuses on how dissociative processes and implicit cognition may act in concert to affect substance use.’
    • ‘To say that cognition is embodied means that it arises from bodily interactions with the world.’
    • ‘For reason alone can attain to truth either in cognition or action.’
    • ‘Narrative approaches to therapy place emphasis on cognition and social processes in meaning making.’
    • ‘The prefrontal lobe is known to be involved in pragmatic language processes and complex social cognition.’
    • ‘Theories of social cognition delineate how people process information in interpersonal interactions.’
    • ‘By metacognition I mean knowledge about cognition itself and control of one's own cognitive processes.’
    • ‘There is a unity between the logical and historical methods, which means that any process of logical cognition has a history of its own.’
    • ‘Collectively, the papers make a significant contribution to our understanding of science and cognition.’
    • ‘Many biologists have begun posing and testing hypotheses concerning animal experience and cognition.’
    • ‘Vision has long been associated with reason, cognition, and empiricism.’
    • ‘In itself the a priori has nothing whatever to do with thinking and cognition.’
    • ‘He was deaf and dumb, and not surprisingly the Court's statement dwelt on matters of cognition and understanding.’
    • ‘This form of mental unity could appropriately be called unity of cognition.’
    • ‘Valuings of objects as useful can also be immediate - that is, not mediated by cognition or awareness of what one is doing.’
    • ‘Prominent theories of mind hold that human cognition generally is computational.’
    • ‘The model is also consistent with the growing recognition of nonrational and nonconscious processes in cognition.’
    • ‘He is an experimental psychologist specialising in the study of human cognition and language understanding.’
    perception, discernment, awareness, apprehension, learning, understanding, comprehension, enlightenment, insight, intelligence, reason, reasoning, thinking
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    1. 1.1[count noun]A perception, sensation, idea, or intuition resulting from the process of cognition.
      • ‘This allows the patient to feel safe during the exposure and brings greater awareness of the cognitions attached to their physical responses of panic.’
      • ‘Cognitive inconsistency reflects the extent to which one's cognitions and overall attitude are dissimilar.’
      • ‘Dealing only with conscious feelings or cognitions may be an inadequate approach to changing feelings or behaviors in the long term.’
      • ‘The premise is that individuals strive toward consistency between cognitions by changing their opinions or beliefs to make them more consistent with each other.’
      • ‘What appears to be warranted are concerted efforts by parents and educators that engage and involve the cognitions and affects of these young people.’
      • ‘More specifically, problematic cognitions such as obsessive thoughts are seen as the by-products of emotional states.’
      • ‘Please don't trouble psychologists by asking them whether statements like, ‘I hate my father’ or ‘I love you’ are emotions or cognitions.’
      • ‘That makes it at least plausible for a social cognitive premise that views prejudicial or stereotype-laden cognitions as largely unavoidable for most humans.’
      • ‘Such thoughts and attitudes, or cognitions, as they are called, cannot be ignored when a clinician is evaluating a person in pain and planning their treatment.’
      • ‘The key to understanding and succeeding in negotiations lies in greater awareness of the limitations in individual cognitions.’
      • ‘This internal dialogue has been described as comprising voluntary cognitions, automatic thoughts, and images, which are transient and easily accessible to awareness.’
      • ‘Psychologists often refer to these two components as cognitions and affect (feelings).’
      • ‘Sometimes, cognitions can also occur beyond an individual's conscious awareness, in which case certain techniques are used to uncover them.’
      • ‘It aims to change cognitions, patterns of thought surrounding the traumatic incident.’
      • ‘In this way, clients gain an awareness of their cognitions and dialogue that affect their behaviour.’
      • ‘Dissonance occurs when ever a person holds inconsistent cognitions (eg opinions, beliefs or behaviours).’
      • ‘This study has shown new evidence that thoughts of hostility and revenge form a unique component of cognitive content distinct from cognitions about threat and personal failure/loss.’
      • ‘Conceptualizations are cognitions based merely on abstract mental activities.’
      • ‘Cognitive-behavioral therapy involves working with cognitions to change emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.’
      • ‘I think those cognitions and those values and those moral beliefs inevitably shape our manner of expressing our own desires.’
      perception, discernment, awareness, apprehension, learning, understanding, comprehension, enlightenment, insight, intelligence, reason, reasoning, thinking
      View synonyms


Late Middle English: from Latin cognitio(-), from cognoscere get to know.