Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1mass noun A scarlet dye used for colouring food, made from the crushed dried bodies of a female scale insect.
scarlet, vermilion, ruby, ruby-red, ruby-coloured, cherry, cherry-red, cerise, cardinal, carmine, wine, wine-red, wine-coloured, claret, claret-red, claret-coloured, blood-redView synonyms
- ‘Traditional red colouring includes kermes and cochineal, both of which are pigments made by crushing masses of tiny insects.’
- ‘Cochineal became the standard dye for a wide variety of uses, from the red coats of British soldiers, to the red tints of artists' paints.’
- ‘His study deals with the production and marketing of cochineal from the mid-eighteenth century until the industry went into a rapid decline.’
- ‘The same options were available for dyeing the wool or cotton, which could be achieved at home using dyes such as cochineal and indigo.’
- ‘The most common animal dye was cochineal, a crimson colour which came from cactus eating insects, of which 17,000 were needed to produce one single ounce of dye.’
- ‘It produces the colorant cochineal, otherwise known as carmine or E120.’
- 1.1 A dye similar to cochineal made from the oak kermes insect (see kermes).See also kermes
2The scale insect that is used for cochineal, native to Mexico and formerly cultivated on cacti.
- ‘The Aztecs cultivated cochineal and produced a red dye that was the brightest and strongest color Europe had ever seen.’
- ‘The cactus, or more precisely, the cochineal insects that feed on it yield a red-purple stain when crushed.’
- ‘The brightly-coloured snack contains a red dye processed from the dried body of the female cochineal insect, collected in central America.’
- ‘The kermes was expensive and the abundant cochineal insect could be used to make a cheap substitute.’
- ‘Farmed, harvested, and dried by natives on small family plots, cochineal insects helped color the silks and wools of Hapsburg royalty.’
Late 16th century: from French cochenille or Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccinus ‘scarlet’, from Greek kokkos ‘berry’ (the insect bodies were mistaken for grains or berries). Compare with coccus, kermes.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.