Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1[mass noun] A scarlet dye used for colouring food, made from the crushed dried bodies of a female scale insect.
scarlet, vermilion, ruby, ruby-red, ruby-coloured, cherry, cherry-red, cerise, cardinal, carmine, wine, wine-red, wine-coloured, claret, claret-red, claret-coloured, blood-redView synonyms
- ‘The most common animal dye was cochineal, a crimson colour which came from cactus eating insects, of which 17,000 were needed to produce one single ounce of dye.’
- ‘The same options were available for dyeing the wool or cotton, which could be achieved at home using dyes such as cochineal and indigo.’
- ‘Traditional red colouring includes kermes and cochineal, both of which are pigments made by crushing masses of tiny insects.’
- ‘It produces the colorant cochineal, otherwise known as carmine or E120.’
- ‘Cochineal became the standard dye for a wide variety of uses, from the red coats of British soldiers, to the red tints of artists' paints.’
- ‘His study deals with the production and marketing of cochineal from the mid-eighteenth century until the industry went into a rapid decline.’
- 1.1A dye similar to cochineal made from the oak kermes insect (see kermes).→ kermes
2The scale insect that is used for cochineal, native to Mexico and formerly cultivated on cacti.
- ‘Farmed, harvested, and dried by natives on small family plots, cochineal insects helped color the silks and wools of Hapsburg royalty.’
- ‘The brightly-coloured snack contains a red dye processed from the dried body of the female cochineal insect, collected in central America.’
- ‘The kermes was expensive and the abundant cochineal insect could be used to make a cheap substitute.’
- ‘The cactus, or more precisely, the cochineal insects that feed on it yield a red-purple stain when crushed.’
- ‘The Aztecs cultivated cochineal and produced a red dye that was the brightest and strongest color Europe had ever seen.’
Late 16th century: from French cochenille or Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccinus scarlet, from Greek kokkos berry (the insect bodies were mistaken for grains or berries). Compare with coccus, kermes.
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.