Definition of coat in English:

coat

noun

  • 1An outer garment with sleeves, worn outdoors and typically extending below the hips:

    ‘a winter coat’
    [as modifier] ‘his coat pocket’
    • ‘The long winter coat has been brought out from where it was stored in the cupboard under the stairs.’
    • ‘A black blazer replaced his winter coat and he wore sunglasses instead of his helmet.’
    • ‘Mr. Walker pulled a pair of mittens out of his coat pocket and handed them to me.’
    • ‘Sharon pulled her gray wool coat tighter and walked across the gravel parking lot to her rusting Chevy.’
    • ‘She pulled her gloves out of her coat pocket, slipped them on, and then tucked her pony tail up under the ski mask so it would be out of the way when the action started.’
    • ‘We wore our winter coats and stuffed our pockets with what little bread we had left.’
    • ‘Don't forget to sort through outer garments like coats, hats, and gloves.’
    • ‘He got so that he was scared of falling asleep, so he'd go downstairs to the living-room instead, with a winter coat on over his pyjamas.’
    • ‘He wore a black leather trench coat over a pressed white dress shirt and black pants.’
    • ‘Evie went to grab her blue coat in the closet and ran to the car with her mom.’
    • ‘You can stay warm with the best winter coats of the season, and make every woman curious about what you're hiding underneath.’
    • ‘She held her coat tighter around her, her light curls bobbing slightly in the wind.’
    • ‘Alison shivered as she removed her long wool coat.’
    • ‘This boy, clad in a disheveled sailor's tunic and winter coat fit for a bear, stood no more than shoulder-high to me.’
    • ‘Lea could see his silver star flash as he removed the heavy winter coat.’
    • ‘The whole way back home, I kept wiping my mouth with the sleeve of my coat.’
    • ‘The sleeves of her coat were blown back; but surprisingly, the wind was pleasantly warm, like the wind before Winter had come.’
    • ‘Her fur coat was thrown carelessly over Jenna's bed, where Justin sat in silence.’
    • ‘She wore a thick, black leather trench coat that covered her entire body.’
    • ‘See this new camera is big and bulky - in winter I put it in my puffy coat pocket and barely even noticed it.’
    overcoat, tunic
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A protective outer garment worn indoors:
      ‘a laboratory coat’
      • ‘She was her usual self, white lab coat and protective goggles, blonde hair tied back into a bun.’
      • ‘Three other doctors stood in the doorway in suits and lab coats as Dana, dressed only in her pajamas, was given the ultimatum.’
      • ‘Kevin reached for Maxie, but he was only able to grab her white lab coat.’
      • ‘There were about one hundred people or so dressed in lab coats walking all around the place, carrying stacks and stacks of ancient looking papers.’
      • ‘One was dressed in a lab coat, the others dressed in casual clothing.’
      • ‘I grabbed the white lab coat that once belonged to my father and went to work.’
      • ‘A short bespectacled woman in a laboratory coat greeted them.’
      • ‘A woman dressed in a white doctor's coat walked in, delicately, like an ice sculpture might walk.’
      • ‘Laboratory coats should be removed prior to leaving the lab work area, taking a break, or eating lunch.’
      • ‘Instead, they all grabbed their coats and followed Johnston to the door of the main laboratory.’
      • ‘All the lessons are laboratory-based, and students have to put on white lab coats, safety gloves and do experiments, usually with bacteria.’
      • ‘You could tell the locksmiths by their blue overalls, masons by their white jackets, painters by their coats with long smocks showing underneath.’
      • ‘I turned towards the door when it opened and a man in a white doctor's coat walked in.’
      • ‘She tore a sleeve off her lab coat, and tied it around the man's leg.’
      • ‘To this end, laboratory coats, gloves, masks and hair coverings are de rigueur for many types of examination.’
      • ‘Students came with their white laboratory coats but were told not to wear them.’
      • ‘I am eternally grateful to those who showed me that science needn't be all laboratories and lab coats.’
      • ‘Good microbiologic techniques must be utilized and should include wearing a laboratory coat and gloves.’
      • ‘It was pure agony, being carried through a bright hallway by some overgrown man wearing a laboratory coat.’
      • ‘They were put in white laboratory coats and asked to modify the behaviour of some other folk by way of an electric shock.’
    2. 1.2 A man's jacket, especially as worn when hunting or by soldiers.
      • ‘I think that the only reason that the hunters take part in the hunt is just so that they can dress up in silly coats.’
      • ‘He wears glasses and has the symbol of the white tiger on the side of his coat sleeve and collar.’
      • ‘Some of the Rhode Island and New Hampshire soldiers had on gray coats that confused the shooters of the 4th Rhode Island.’
      • ‘Personally I think the jackets look like pyjama coats, but they are not my cuppa.’
      • ‘A sport coat and jeans or dress slacks were as far as he usually ventured and he looked so good in them.’
      • ‘It makes me cringe to think how much money I threw away on ties and dress shirts and sport coats and wool slacks that I never wear any more.’
      • ‘You can quickly improvise a shield to cover your forearm by wrapping a suit coat, jacket or overcoat around it.’
      • ‘Amber slipped her blazer coat on and pulled up her knee high gray socks.’
      • ‘He was dressed in a swallow-tail coat with a formal shirt and bow tie.’
      • ‘He wore a thin, trimmed moustachio and a tuxedo with a dinner coat.’
      • ‘Like a tailor, he keeps big needles pinned behind the lapel of his coat, a plaid jacket too large for him.’
      • ‘Sport coats, or jackets, encompass just about everything else.’
      • ‘Three-quarters have a button-down shirt, two-thirds a sport coat or blazer.’
      • ‘He had on a navy suit coat and white dress shirt, which usually would have gone with navy or dark-blue tie.’
      • ‘The Spaniard was no longer wearing his uniform coat and his black hair was falling out of his pigtail.’
      • ‘In their slick tuxedoed coats, they could almost be a column of wedding guests stranded in the snow, until they drop down and start belly surfing across the icy wasteland.’
      • ‘With that he pulled off his tuxedo coat and satin vest, tossing them into the trunk.’
      • ‘Passengers are now required to remove all types of coats, including blazers, sports and suit jackets.’
      • ‘It's long enough to wear over a sport coat or suit jacket.’
      • ‘The new line includes a hunting coat, parka, vest, shirt and pant.’
      • ‘Pacing the ground swiftly, he slid his arms into the jacket coat, digging his weary hands into his pockets.’
    3. 1.3 A woman's tailored jacket, worn with a skirt or dress:
      ‘she wore a pale linen coat and skirt’
      • ‘The next three hours were a blur, as Keira tried on dresses, shirts, coats, skirts, pants, shoes and hats.’
      • ‘The coat, skirt, and blouse came into fashion as a practical day dress only in the 1890s.’
      • ‘Satin top, full black skirt, velvety black high heels, tweed coat with black velvet collar.’
      • ‘This season's key items are all short, from skirts to dresses and coats.’
      • ‘Her woollen coats and cashmere dresses were technically brilliant.’
      • ‘Key focus continues to be short shift dresses, coats and skirts.’
      • ‘The lady wore a red suit coat with a red skirt that matched perfectly.’
      • ‘Amy adjusted Sara's coat over the skirt of her blue dress before turning for the scarf.’
  • 2An animal's covering of fur or hair:

    ‘a dog's coat may become tangled and matted’
    • ‘Racers were meant to be war animals, so their coats were dark for camouflage.’
    • ‘The Chinook has a double coat comprising long guard hairs over a soft, short undercoat.’
    • ‘The horses wore leather rugs to protect their coats and keep them warm, but a string on one had come loose and was trailing in the mud.’
    • ‘Shearing was changed from machine to hand held blades which was a much longer process, but left a short coat on the sheep for protection.’
    • ‘God gave dogs a natural coat to keep out the cold.’
    • ‘Norwich Terriers aren't a shedding breed, but there are always some dead hairs in their coat that end up lying around.’
    • ‘Like the Shetland pony, the Sheltie was bred with a thick coat to protect them from the harsh climate.’
    • ‘Rhino species grazed temperate grasslands and tundra, and many were covered with a thick coat of hair.’
    • ‘A powerful hindquarters and a lung capacity enables him to swim long distances, this dog also has a heavy coat which protects him from icy waters.’
    • ‘Believe it or not mathematics explains why animals can have coats with spotted bodies and striped tails but not striped bodies with spotted tails.’
    • ‘Animals with heavy coats, such as Highland cattle and Galloways, were the most prone to problems, he added.’
    • ‘He shows us the white puppies with woolly coats whose job it is to protect the sheep from wolves and explains how they live outside with only the strongest surviving.’
    • ‘With a thick, flowing coat of rich hair and majestic sweeping horns, it is one of Britain's oldest, most distinctive and best known breeds.’
    • ‘Their coats became thick, hard and dense enough to protect them from the moisture and cold of a long winter's day hunting.’
    • ‘Anne bought the smallest and cleverest, a white dog with a feathery coat and one blue and one brown eye.’
    • ‘Keep your dog indoors and away from drafts until his coat is completely dry.’
    • ‘The face itself was protected by a coat of fine black fur, so deeply black that it highlighted blue in the gentle light of the moon.’
    • ‘This shampoo gently but thoroughly washes the coat and protects the skin, conditioning as it cleans.’
    • ‘Had he asked to check whether or not the dog had a healthy coat, he could have saved himself the money.’
    • ‘For instance, someone who is especially house proud will not want a dog with a long coat which sheds hair all over the furniture.’
    • ‘The Sumatran rhino's body is covered in a patchy coat of shaggy hair.’
    • ‘His fur was as black as night and much more groomed than the coats of the animals that surrounded him.’
    • ‘Though many urbanites love to have a pet dog at home, they realise in the long run that they have little time for walking the dog or brushing his coat.’
    fur, hair, wool, fleece
    View synonyms
  • 3An outer layer or covering:

    [with modifier] ‘the protein coat of the virus’
    • ‘When a virus enters and infects a cell, it sheds this protective coat so that the genetic material can replicate new viruses.’
    • ‘For example, the Ebola virus has a particular protein in its coat that can easily be detected and analyzed with mass spectrometry.’
    • ‘The last time I saw the leaf blower back in the Little Town it was mouldering under a thick coat of dust in a corner of the garage.’
    • ‘The outer protein coat consists of a major and minor capsid protein.’
    • ‘Tapetal material is deposited on the developing pollen grains forming the pollen coat.’
    • ‘In this case, the moduli measured would reflect the mechanics of the protein coat rather than those of the embedding gel.’
    • ‘The water fountains bubble quietly, the surface of their small pools hidden beneath a coat of fallen leaves.’
    • ‘Since they proliferate by invading and taking over surrounding healthy cells, they are protected by a coat of protein.’
    • ‘They are all caused by viruses: small slips of genetic material protected by a protein coat.’
    • ‘A tough protective coat allows the bacteria to survive for decades as spores.’
    • ‘The plum pox virus itself is little more than a filament of RNA surrounded by a protein coat.’
    • ‘Finally, all the Ames test strains have defective polysaccharide outer coats, to make them more permeable to the test chemicals.’
    • ‘They code for the coat proteins of the two viruses, which are primary targets for the host immune system.’
    • ‘Ordinary microscopic slides, covered with a thin coat of petroleum jelly were used as pollen traps.’
    • ‘Suddenly the city of my dreams seems to be enveloped in a coat of dirt, dust and grime, combined with the troubles and busy lives of its inhabitants.’
    • ‘The protein coat can be chemically modified to target specific molecules or cell types in tissue.’
    • ‘Hepatitis B surface antigen is on the viral coat, and its presence in blood implies that the patient is infected.’
    • ‘When found outside of host cells, viruses exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed within a membrane.’
    • ‘The env gene codes for a protein on the outer coat of the virus that allows it to recognize and attach to human cells.’
    • ‘Before fertilization, the egg is enclosed in a protective vitelline membrane, which is embedded in a gelatinous coat.’
    layer, covering, overlay, coating, skin, skim, plating, film, wash, glaze, varnish, veneer, lamination, sheet, finish, dusting, blanket, mantle, daub, smear, topping, crust, patina, lustre, deposit, scale, facing, cladding
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 A single application of paint or similar material on a surface:
      ‘apply a final top coat of varnish’
      • ‘Apply two, preferably three coats of urethane varnish using a good quality natural bristle brush.’
      • ‘To create an even surface, brush the wood with a coat of clear acrylic sealer.’
      • ‘For the final touch of beauty and to protect the finish, apply one or more coats of good wax recommended for use on floors.’
      • ‘Grabbing the mascara, I took out the wand and layered my eyelashes with two coats of mascara.’
      • ‘A light coat of wax will protect the surface of marble but is not considered essential.’
      • ‘Once the painted shoe is dry apply a coat of clear protective sealant.’
      • ‘The finishing touch: a sweep of black eyeliner and two or three coats of mascara.’
      • ‘For all other surfaces, spray on two or more coats of clear acrylic sealer.’
      • ‘Instead of paying for labour, put a fresh coat of neutral paint on the walls yourself.’
      • ‘Yet another group applied fresh coats of paint on the panels of windows and doors.’
      • ‘Redwood, cypress or cedar do not need a protective coat, however you may want to use one so the wood will not water stain.’
      • ‘For long life with oil base stain on rough sawn or weathered lumber, use two coats.’
      • ‘Apply the sunscreen in a thick coat at least 30 to 45 minutes before going outside and then reapply every two hours.’
      • ‘I glare at her and then turn to study my nails. ‘Hmm, that one needs another coat of red.’’
      • ‘And how I would love to put a fresh coat of paint on it.’
      • ‘Add a coat of clear varnish for a longer lasting finish.’
      • ‘A protective coat of lime plaster is often applied for added durability.’
      • ‘A few coats of a lengthening mascara will do the trick.’
      • ‘They felt it needed a new coat of paint to freshen it up.’
      • ‘The last step was to apply two coats of sealer, followed by several coats of protective wax.’
    2. 3.2 A structure, especially a membrane, enclosing or lining an organ.
      • ‘One was to change the enteric coat, and the second was to put a sub-coat on.’
      • ‘He did not recognize it to be the muscle coat of the oesophagus.’
      • ‘To the right, along the posterior aspect of the bladder, is a second bright line, surrounded by a thinner coat of soft tissue.’
      • ‘It is known to form a highly hydrated pericellular coat around chondrocytes, fibrosarcoma, and smooth muscle cells.’
      • ‘The bladder is wrapped in a thin coat of skin, the epithelium.’
      • ‘The detrusor urinae muscle is a network of longitudinal fibers that form the external layer of the muscular coat of the bladder.’
      • ‘A definite muscular or serous coat was lacking in all the specimens.’
      • ‘The epithelial lining and muscle coats made a morphologic switch as the sections ascended in a direction toward the testes.’
      • ‘The myometrium is a thick coat containing smooth muscle and abundant connective tissues.’
      • ‘The muscle coat is rather thin but is nevertheless very strong.’
      • ‘Cartilage plates, blood vessels, and ganglia were also enmeshed in a thick fibromuscular coat.’
      • ‘The exact structure and relative thickness of the three coats vary with the size of the artery.’
      • ‘His dissection of the eye yielded the distinction between cornea, retina, iris, and chorioid coat.’
      • ‘Since we are interested in the behavior of the lipid bilayer we do not specify the mechanism by which the protein coat deforms the membrane.’
      • ‘The serous coat is an extension of the peritoneum, and it covers only the superior and upper lateral surfaces.’
      • ‘Thicker myelin coats translate into brains that are larger and can better coordinate rapid perceptual decisions, Posthuma says.’
    3. 3.3 The skin or husk of a fruit or seed.
      • ‘To help this process along, either soak them in hot water or simply scratch the hard coat of each seed before planting.’
      • ‘Thus, seeds lacking a coat were germinated in a horizontal or a vertical position.’
      • ‘In the case of seed pods and coats only the western blots are shown.’
      • ‘Within each seed - protected by its coat - there is an embryo, a miniscule plant really, complete with a root tip, leaf bud and stem.’
      • ‘Seed coats were removed by hand and seeds were surface-sterilized in a 1 % sodium hypochlorite solution for 2 min.’
      • ‘Imbibition is necessary before decoating because it is difficult to remove the coats of dry seeds without causing injury.’
      • ‘Thus, the covers of thick-coated seeds were gently scarified and the coats were removed the next day.’
      • ‘These plants ripen fruits which again are a bright red, and have thick coats on their seeds to protect them should they be swallowed.’
      • ‘On the left, there is a collection of ripe seeds, showing the fleshy yellow seed coat as well as seeds with the coat stripped away.’
      • ‘Transport studies with plasma membrane vesicles isolated from pea seed coats are presented in an accompanying paper.’
      • ‘Each consists of an egg cell embedded in the tissue of the female gametophyte surrounded by a thick seed coat.’
      • ‘In maize, as in all flowering plants, the seed develops inside a coat of maternal origin.’
      • ‘Inside the shell is a thin brown coat, the testa, which adheres firmly to the kernel, which is hollow and contains liquid.’
    4. 3.4 A layer of a plant bulb.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Provide with a layer or covering of something:

    ‘her right leg was coated in plaster’
    ‘coat each part with a thin oil’
    ‘plastic-coated wire’
    • ‘It also coats or pseudomorphs some of the secondary minerals.’
    • ‘Lockers, all coated with a layer of fresh paint to cover another year of abuse, lined up against these walls.’
    • ‘The walls were coated with cobwebs and blanketed with old tapestries.’
    • ‘Each is in turn coated with several layers of graphite, and a silicon carbide outer shell.’
    • ‘My eyes had been coated with a layer of black mascara and a decent amount of black eyeliner.’
    • ‘It's as if the camera lens had been coated with a thin layer of Vaseline and hurriedly wiped clean.’
    • ‘A gas turbine engine component is cleaned and coated with a layer of metal, generally aluminum, containing paint.’
    • ‘The faces of both slabs are then coated with multiple layers of thin-film gold or dielectric reflectors.’
    • ‘Finally, the blade was coated with a tough, protective layer of clear lacquer.’
    • ‘The gyroscope spheres are coated with an ultra-thin layer of metal that becomes a superconductor.’
    • ‘It would need to be coated with shellac or varnish to keep out moisture.’
    • ‘The fish - squid, prawns and scampi - was coated in a delicate batter, light years away from any calamari I've tasted.’
    • ‘It is then coated with a thin layer of white lead on which the outline of the picture is drawn.’
    • ‘The ground was coated with an icy blanket of fresh snow, but not enough for the schools to close.’
    • ‘Artificial seeds were coated with a thin layer of gelatin, and infested as if they were intact seeds.’
    • ‘Everything was coated with a thick layer of dust and grime.’
    • ‘A daguerreotype is printed on a sheet of copper that is coated with a thin layer of silver.’
    • ‘After this process, the replica is coated with a thin layer of clay paste and allowed to dry.’
    • ‘Unmold the mousse onto a wire rack-lined sheet pan and coat with the chocolate glaze.’
    • ‘The globes are coated with a layer of niobium, giving them a silvery finish.’
    • ‘My nails were conditioned with a range of conditioners and varnishes before being coated with the actual magic gel.’
    • ‘A sap-sucking bug that coats plants with wads of foamy spit has been crowned the insect world's greatest leaper.’
    • ‘Fresh greens were cut up into very tiny piece and coated with a layer of flour, which was made into the shape of a petal.’
    cover, overlay, paint, glaze, varnish, wash, surface, veneer, inlay, laminate, plate, blanket, mantle, daub, smear, bedaub, cake, plaster, overspread, encrust, face
    besmear
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a substance) form a covering to:
      ‘a film of dust coated the floor’
      • ‘The limestone dust in the air coats our throats and drives us nigh mad with need for a drink.’
      • ‘Deep growls and explosions thundered through the air as clouds of black volcanic ash coated the surroundings.’
      • ‘The warm water coating her skin was therapeutic and relaxing, which was just what she needed after her encounter with Luke.’
      • ‘Only years later do they find that the coal dust also coated their lungs.’
      • ‘There was a film of dirty, uneven ice coating the sidewalks and street, and I couldn't get any traction.’
      • ‘She faltered as her father reached out to touch the blue dust coating her dress.’
      • ‘The sweat coats your body in a nasty, slick, oily sheen.’
      • ‘His shirt was unbuttoned, a slight sweat coating his smooth white skin.’
      • ‘A thin film of dust coated the drying tears, and she regarded it with disgust.’
      • ‘Because of their hardness palaeosols influence the landscape and commonly cap hills or coat slopes, protecting the underlying sediments from erosion.’
      • ‘The werewolf rose up howling, blood coating its white fur, fangs gleaming in the moonlight, its eyes reflecting a rabid malevolence to match its deeds.’
      • ‘Stir to make sure that the butter coats the potatoes, then add the toasted oatmeal and stir again.’
      • ‘Mix and stir-fry until the sauce coats everything.’
      • ‘Add vanilla bean and cook over a double boiler on gentle heat, stirring till mixture coats the back of a spoon.’
      • ‘His hands were gloved now, a rough black fabric coating his hands like a second skin and cutting off sharply at his wrists.’
      • ‘What was that dark wet substance coating the blade…?’
      • ‘The fungi also coat tree roots, protecting against microbial pathogens and drought.’
      • ‘Ice and snow coated the landscape, and people in animal skins lived in ice boxes.’
      • ‘Her mother arched an eyebrow, looking at the blood coating her tile floor.’
      • ‘Add a spoonful or two of the pasta water to help the sauce coat the pasta, tossing well.’
      • ‘Ice and snow coated everything, in the month of December in Eclaver, and wind gusts reached up to forty miles an hour, at the best of times.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French cote, of unknown ultimate origin.

Pronunciation:

coat

/kəʊt/