Definition of closed in English:

closed

adjective

  • 1Not open:

    ‘rooms with closed doors lined the hallway’
    ‘he sat with his eyes closed’
    • ‘Kamat pushes open a closed door from her past and a memory slips out.’
    • ‘Allison pried open the closed elevator doors with a tool, and squeezed inside.’
    • ‘She leaned against the closed door and took three deep breaths before she too got ready for the big showdown.’
    • ‘If the idea here is to create a closed acoustic space, then it's a fait accompli.’
    • ‘The musician works alone behind the closed door and within formidable soundproof walls.’
    • ‘I sat outside the office and suddenly I heard my mother crying behind the closed office door.’
    • ‘Not hearing any, I open the door and move out into the hall and over to my parents' closed bedroom door.’
    • ‘The doors were closed last night so we just sat at the fountain outside, talking for about half an hour before heading back to the hotel.’
    • ‘His eyes must have been closed, I concluded, as there was no beam of blue light for guidance.’
    • ‘Policemen stood guard behind the closed doors and no one else was allowed to enter the building.’
    • ‘Letting out a sigh, Jenny went back over to the closed door and slowly opened it.’
    • ‘Even from behind my closed door, I could hear the three adults talking about me.’
    • ‘Jane looked up from her book, checked her watch, and looked at the closed door.’
    • ‘He walked past that area, following the still muffled voices towards the closed conference room door at the far end.’
    • ‘She remained on the bed, eyes tightly closed, awful ideas swimming around her head.’
    • ‘I walked into my house and leaned up against the closed door shaking my head.’
    • ‘Eve lay down and closed her eyes, but behind her closed lids, her mind was a flurry of activity.’
    • ‘Glancing around, she opened the closed door and stared at the chest of drawers in front of her.’
    • ‘He paused, examining the closed sliding doors as if he could see our servants huddled behind them.’
    • ‘They tiptoed along the wooden corridor past the closed door of the baby's room.’
    watertight, waterproof, damp-proof, water-resistant, water-repellent, airtight, tight, sealed, hermetically sealed, closed
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    1. 1.1 (of a society or system) not communicating with or influenced by others:
      ‘the perception of the Soviet Union as a closed society had changed’
      • ‘Often lauded as the bastion of freewheeling capitalism, the city has a surprisingly closed economy.’
      • ‘This state of denial is facilitated by conspiracy theories, so common in closed societies.’
      • ‘It's tough being an entrepreneur in a closed economic society.’
      • ‘They are a closed circle and are closely associated in their business networks.’
      • ‘What is an open society and what is a closed society depends on where one is located in it.’
      • ‘Whether the universe may be represented as a closed system is undecided.’
      • ‘Where countries are still based on closed societies and forms of tribalism, this is more difficult.’
      • ‘He argued that the earth resembled a closed system, which used up its finite stocks of useful energy in an irreversible way.’
      • ‘In that kind of closed society, if you leave town, it's like you fall off the edge of the Earth.’
      • ‘A closed system is one that receives no energy from outside the system itself.’
      • ‘In nature a closed system stays healthy as long as it stays balanced, which means stabilized.’
      • ‘If you take the whole Solar System and treat it as a closed system, the entropy does increase, just as the laws of thermodynamics require.’
      • ‘The terrorists seek a closed society of fear and conformity.’
      • ‘But those countries with closed economies can grow until they can afford to pay their officials well.’
      • ‘The Institute was a closed society of the rich, famous and powerful.’
      • ‘The second principle of relationship advice is that a relationship cannot be a closed system of two.’
      • ‘It's almost impossible to gauge what they're doing because it is a closed society.’
      • ‘Moreover, they saw it as a closed system governed by its own elaborate rules, which it was the task of the structuralist to lay bare.’
      • ‘The empire was maintained by a strong navy and trade restrictions that kept the empire a closed economic system.’
      • ‘The blood circulation is a closed system in which the pressure varies constantly.’
      • ‘Because it is a closed system, you do not get to see this blood rushing around - until we open up an artery or a vein.’
      • ‘Businesses which have closed circuit TV in the area have been asked not to wipe their tapes and to contact police.’
    2. 1.2 Limited to certain people; not open or available to all:
      ‘the UN Security Council met in closed session’
      • ‘We should not strive for a state where we censor our business contacts and limit them only to a closed clique.’
      • ‘All discussions remain closed to the public and remarks made by speakers are off-the-record.’
      • ‘Bids of up to £25,000 were discussed at a closed district council meeting last night.’
      • ‘However, she has agreed to appear before the commission on a second occasion, albeit in closed session.’
      • ‘The special committee is set to announce the results of its investigation in a closed plenary session Monday.’
      • ‘After Stella's performance, the judges held a closed discussion for what seemed like eons.’
      • ‘The resolution indicated Council was reconvening in a closed session to discuss a legal matter.’
      • ‘Councillors were last night in closed session considering quotes from different firms for the general repair work.’
      • ‘Upon arriving at the door we were individually told that this was always a closed meeting and not open to the public.’
      • ‘While the Scheme is a closed scheme no new members may be admitted and the contributions of the Employers will cease.’
      • ‘Both sides had insisted that the transcript of the closed session be published.’
      • ‘A report released this week showed that 60 percent of schemes linked to earnings are now closed to workers joining a firm.’
      • ‘This is not surprising because the world's elite closed tournaments are just that: closed.’
      • ‘Then it was off to a closed meeting between members of the mayoral committee and local councillors.’
      select, chic, high-class, elite, fashionable, stylish, elegant, choice, special, premier, grade a
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    3. 1.3 Unwilling to accept new ideas:
      ‘you're facing the situation with a closed mind’
      • ‘Do not go into business with a closed mind and so much pride that you will not admit you were wrong.’
      • ‘It is hard to be anything other than pessimistic when confronted by so many closed minds in the educational establishment.’
      • ‘They truly must steer clear of people who are closed and unresponsive.’
      • ‘It means being unwilling to reconsider ideas and being closed to hearing other points of view.’
      • ‘This is a surprisingly large category of knowledge, and it is evidence of an active mind not a closed one.’
      • ‘There is no point in attempting to convert someone whose mind is closed.’
      • ‘In the background he heard Laura yelling something but his mind was closed to everything.’
      • ‘Darren sees all this carefully orchestrated chaos and confusion as a way to unlock closed minds.’
      • ‘In the end, nothing is more damaging to any form of diversity than a closed mind.’
      • ‘And that's the beauty of using music as a Trojan Horse into closed minds.’
      • ‘This isn't to say that secular liberals aren't also sometimes afflicted by prejudice or guilty of a closed mind.’
      • ‘And the opposite of faith is not so much doubt as fear, or the rocklike certainty of the closed mind.’
      • ‘She then went on to consider the separate case that the district council had approached the decision with a closed mind.’
      • ‘JHis behaviour highlights the dangers of combining a big mouth with a closed mind.’
      • ‘Our minds are certainly not closed to further discussion on this crucial issue.’
      unaffected by, untouched by, immune to, invulnerable to, insusceptible to, not susceptible to, proof against, unreceptive to, closed to, resistant to, indifferent to, heedless of, unresponsive to, oblivious to, unmoved by, deaf to
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  • 2(of a business) having ceased trading, especially for a short period:

    ‘he put the ‘Closed’ sign up on the door’
    • ‘Elderly people were bemused at the temporary closed sign as they turned up to collect their pension money only to find the shop shut.’
    • ‘The Fitness Zone gym will move to one of the two squash courts but the sauna will be closed during renovations.’
    • ‘A closed sign was put up in the front door of the bakery and detectives spoke to staff.’
    • ‘The squash courts will be closed for a week from March 29 and re-open on April 5.’
    • ‘Apparently they stay at an old broken-down house near the closed factory.’
    • ‘When we arrived at our campsite of choice it was closed due to flooding.’
    • ‘They want the closed factory reopened and the payment of salaries pending for the last 18 months.’
    • ‘I dropped by the office and they were putting up a closed sign and laughing.’
    • ‘Up and down Brandon Boulevard on Sunday afternoon were nothing but closed businesses.’
    • ‘Hundreds of former workers at the now closed carpet factory could be at risk from exposure to the killer dust.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, the sauna remains closed as investigations continue into how the fire broke out.’
    • ‘On previous visits I have found this venue to be closed despite the indication that food was available all day.’
    • ‘The company is closed for the Christmas break, and no-one was available for comment.’
    • ‘All four of the closed schools are of quality brick construction and in excellent condition.’
    • ‘He declined to discuss target figures for sign-ups to the service because the company is currently in a closed period.’
    • ‘The restaurant at the centre of the outbreak remains closed and investigations into its cause are continuing.’
    • ‘How the plane ended up on a closed runway is still under investigation.’
    • ‘The cartoon associated with this article depicts a poster in a London Underground advertising board showing a closed pub in the rain.’
    • ‘Access to many websites was stopped by a screen message saying ‘site closed due to strike action’.’
    • ‘Why is it that these schools are closed four months a year?’
  • 3Mathematics
    (of a set) having the property that the result of a specified operation on any element of the set is itself a member of the set.

    • ‘What I'm thinking of is a closed, known set of items and these can take many forms.’
    • ‘He proved that every field has an algebraically closed extension field, perhaps his most important single theorem.’
    1. 3.1 (of a set) containing all its limit points.
      • ‘Every uncountable closed set can be partitioned into a perfect set and a countable set.’
      • ‘He also defined closed subsets of the real line as subsets containing their first derived set.’
    2. 3.2Geometry (of a curve or figure) formed from a single unbroken line.
      • ‘It had been shown that if you take the sphere as basic, any other closed smooth surface can be obtained from it by manipulation.’
      • ‘Finally the fifth case consists of two symmetrically positioned closed curves.’
      • ‘A formula for the line integral of the geodesic curvature along a closed curve is known as the Gauss Bonnet theorem.’
      • ‘The time line dips back into the past and could form a closed curve in spacetime.’
      • ‘The function prompts you to select a closed object such as a circle or a polyline.’
      • ‘From a mathematical viewpoint, the seam can be thought of as a simple closed curve on the surface of a sphere.’
      • ‘A closed surface means a two-dimensional shape that has no boundary.’

Phrases

  • behind closed doors

    • Taking place secretly or without public knowledge:

      ‘the legislature allows its business to be completed behind closed doors’
      • ‘Our view is that those who run the media should run it in public, and not behind closed doors.’
      • ‘It appears that the two have talked behind closed doors and struck a deal.’
      • ‘Neither do they welcome publicity for their initiation ceremonies, conducted behind closed doors.’
      • ‘He also gave expert evidence in many child protection cases which are held behind closed doors with no public scrutiny.’
      • ‘The club closed two weeks ago and negotiations had been taking place behind closed doors as to its future.’
      • ‘Mystery surrounds what was going on behind the closed doors of yesterday's board meeting.’
      • ‘There is no public oversight of the council and its meetings are held behind closed doors.’
      • ‘However, authorities refuse to comment on what is really happening behind closed doors.’
      • ‘I certainly don't want to add my voice to a bitter argument that has raged for months behind closed doors.’
      • ‘The committee made the decision behind closed doors - its meetings are not open to press or public.’
      covertly, without anyone knowing, in secret, in private, privately, in confidence, confidentially, behind closed doors, behind the scenes, behind someone's back, under cover, under the counter, discreetly, unobserved, quietly, furtively, stealthily, on the sly, on the quiet, privily, conspiratorially, clandestinely, on the side
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  • closed book

    • A subject or person about which one knows nothing:

      ‘accounting has always been a closed book to me’
      • ‘Deadly to explorers, inhospitable to even the mightiest ships and scientific techniques, the vast Southern Ocean has been a closed book to oceanographers until recently.’
      • ‘She explained: ‘I still think to this day that there is more to it than what came out but you are dealing with the army and it is a closed book.’’
      • ‘Publicly men of the left, their private lives were something of a closed book, entry to which was rarely granted.’
      • ‘But the whole sweep of history is to her as a closed book.’
      • ‘The political parties are closed books as far as the majority is concerned.’
      • ‘Parker remained a closed book to me for some time.’
      • ‘Just how unscrupulous few will ever know, since the murky world of politics is a closed book to most outside observers.’
      • ‘Hunting, shooting and fishing were a closed book to him along with horse-racing, cricket and sport of any kind, but he would play an occasional game of billiards.’
      • ‘But when it comes to his emotional life, this period is a closed book.’
      • ‘I don't like it, and though I don't consider myself a public person, there is no aspect of my life that is a closed book.’
      puzzle, enigma, conundrum, riddle, secret, unsolved problem, problem, question, question mark, closed book
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Pronunciation:

closed

/kləʊzd/