Definition of clinical in English:



  • 1Relating to the observation and treatment of actual patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies.

    ‘clinical medicine’
    ‘clinical drug trials’
    • ‘We did this several years ago in a clinical study, in patients who had aneurysms who were scheduled to undergo surgery.’
    • ‘Many patients also participate in clinical research studies that evaluate new treatments for Alzheimer's disease.’
    • ‘However, such approaches are obviously of little help for clinical studies in patients.’
    • ‘Their emphasis on clerical rather than clinical management of patients has been a feature of recent times.’
    • ‘He leaves the impression that no herb has ever been subjected to chemical, laboratory, or clinical study and found safe.’
    • ‘The study, involving clinical trials on Christie patients, will cost around £40,000.’
    • ‘In this study we describe the clinical and laboratory features of the patients with and without mycobacteraemia.’
    • ‘Some doctors even enroll and treat patients in clinical studies that are paid for by companies they own.’
    • ‘Biological therapy is now being studied in clinical trials for use in colon cancer treatment.’
    • ‘The present study was performed in a tumor-bearing rat model, preceding clinical studies in patients with ovarian cancer.’
    • ‘The secondary objective was to study the clinical response to treatment.’
    • ‘Sheskin later conducted double-blind clinical studies on ENL patients in Venezuela.’
    • ‘We also discuss the treatment and clinical outcome of these patients.’
    • ‘I believe that access to hospital treatment should be on clinical need rather than on ability to pay.’
    • ‘The findings of the present study have important clinical implications for patient care.’
    • ‘Treatment patients showed better clinical outcome at delivery, with higher average infant birth weight measures and Apgar scores.’
    • ‘Most patients in clinical trials had osteolytic bone metastases on imaging studies.’
    • ‘The company said clinical trials showed the drug helps patients achieve lower blood sugar when injected prior to meals.’
    • ‘The contribution of animal studies to clinical medicine requires urgent formal evaluation.’
    • ‘We can use clinical research, studying patients.’
    1. 1.1 (of a disease or condition) causing observable and recognizable symptoms.
      ‘clinical depression’
      • ‘Recognizing the symptoms of clinical depression and getting help early can help prevent serious problems, experts say.’
      • ‘Some individuals with clinical disease have no such antibodies detectable.’
      • ‘These trials compared SSRIs with placebo in adults with depression and other clinical conditions.’
      • ‘Aspirin induced asthma is a distinct clinical syndrome affecting some asthmatic patients.’
      • ‘Mycobacterium fortuitum is known for producing a wide spectrum of clinical disease.’
      • ‘Trachoma was described as a clinical disease thousands of years before the bacterium was first isolated and identified.’
      • ‘Also, we emphasize that not all individuals with high anti-GAD antibody levels necessarily develop the clinical disease.’
      • ‘Both have a level of clinical illness and both have a level of stress, which is very much surprising.’
      • ‘The clinical syndrome of bronchial asthma has been known for centuries.’
      • ‘Ultimately, these strategies will be applied earlier in the sequence during a stage that we do not yet recognise as clinical diabetes.’
      • ‘Cows can be contaminating milk before they show evidence of clinical disease.’
      • ‘Absent any clinical disease, it's hard to argue that the pesticides are causing significant harm.’
      • ‘Sahn and Hefner recently reviewed the clinical condition of spontaneous pneumothorax.’
      • ‘We are looking primarily for the appearance of all the autoantibodies that have been shown to be a predictor of clinical diabetes.’
      • ‘Heart failure is a clinical syndrome which has reached epidemic proportions.’
      • ‘Years to decades after the acute phase, chronic clinical disease may appear as a heart or bowel disorder.’
      • ‘Such data are not currently available and would certainly provide important insight into clinical diseases.’
      • ‘Thus, unsuccessful aging can be considered a risk factor for clinical disease.’
      • ‘Symptoms of clinical depression usually begin by early adulthood.’
      • ‘Treating the presence of a genetic marker as though it were the clinical disease can be very unhelpful.’
  • 2Very efficient and without feeling; coldly detached.

    ‘nothing was left to chance—everything was clinical’
    • ‘But that should not take away from the overall performance of a Bridge squad that played its football with a ruthless and clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘Combined with Dahl's clinical distance from the material, this means a potentially outstanding war movie is diluted into merely a good one.’
    • ‘The sheer clinical distance of those words, days after the attack, speaks volumes.’
    • ‘Some have accused her of coldness, of clinical detachment.’
    • ‘He confronts their arguments in almost clinical detail.’
    • ‘He brought to the art of batsmanship a clinical and almost frightening efficiency.’
    • ‘He demanded an almost clinical level of detachment between actors and audience.’
    • ‘She does it with a mixture of clinical efficiency and anger.’
    • ‘They speak with a somewhat clinical detachment that ironically casts many of their observations and findings in a rather dramatic light.’
    • ‘Behavioural research derives its authority from notions of scientific rigour and clinical detachment.’
    • ‘Strange that it should be the coldly clinical camera lens that captured the hidden emotions everyone else missed on his face.’
    • ‘The problem with this analysis is that only geeks and journalists are listening to Apple's story with that sort of clinical attention to detail.’
    • ‘In the alley on the lower deck, I find seamen from all over India sharing jokes and working with clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘The joy of McNeil's book is that it characterises the mess with such clear and clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘Lazy journalists tend to think that his stuff is very clinical and detached, but behind all of that is an enormous heart pumping away.’
    • ‘Too often, the clinical eye of business looks past human needs and focuses only on the accounts.’
    • ‘Belvaux conveys the icy determination of the lone assassin with clinical efficiency.’
    • ‘I want it to be efficient, clinical, impartial and polite.’
    • ‘It's distanced, almost clinical and that in turn leads to a great deal of gallows humour.’
    • ‘It doesn't happen with the clinical detachment that they tell it with.’
    detached, impersonal, dispassionate, objective, uninvolved, distant, remote, aloof, removed, cold, indifferent, neutral, unsympathetic, unfeeling, unemotional, non-emotional, unsentimental
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    1. 2.1 (of a room or building) bare, functional, and clean.
      ‘the room was white and clinical’
      • ‘A museum is necessarily clinical, and as a professor of history I can walk through it with the detachment and assurance of a doctor.’
      • ‘Laboratory life may seem austerely clean and clinical, but it is by no means genteel.’
      • ‘We can offer you clinical facilities at the JFK Hospital to begin with, and we will ask to use your expertise to help us equip whatever surgical room you will need.’
      • ‘The ambience of the interior, according to Halford, is ‘very clinical, clean and pure’.’
      • ‘It is all clean and clinical: concrete everywhere, no mud, no puddles, none of the smell of the countryside.’
      • ‘The hospitals were commended for their good signposting, bright and uncluttered corridors and clinical areas with helpful and organised support staff.’
      • ‘Imagine a clinical, morgue-like room, all stainless steel and green rubber sheets.’
      • ‘There's something unmistakably clean and clinical about the Westmount Spa.’
      • ‘The first was the cocktail bar, very plush, almost empty and looking very clean and clinical.’
      plain, simple, unadorned, unornamented, unembellished, stark, austere, severe, spartan, ascetic, monastic, bleak, bare, chaste, cheerless
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Late 18th century: from Greek klinikē ‘bedside’ (see clinic) + -al.