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[mass noun] Self-fertilization that occurs within a permanently closed flower.
- ‘The majority of grasses in which cleistogamy occurs have both chasmogamous flowers and either one or two types of cleistogamous flowers.’
- ‘Sporobolus is mostly self-pollinated due to a high degree of sheath cleistogamy, while Panicum is a self-incompatible outbreeder.’
- ‘F 1 plants had chasmogamous flowers, indicating that chasmogamy was dominant to cleistogamy.’
- ‘R. menthoides cleistogamy is a novel discovery, which augments the number of species of this genus with that reproductive system.’
- ‘Our review offers insight into the importance and diversity of cleistogamy.’
Late 19th century: from Greek kleistos closed + -gamy (from gamos marriage).
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