Definition of clay in English:

clay

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A stiff, sticky fine-grained earth that can be moulded when wet, and is dried and baked to make bricks, pottery, and ceramics:

    ‘the soil is mainly clay’
    [as modifier] ‘a clay soil’
    ‘a clay tile’
    [count noun] ‘the rocks are covered by various mixtures of loose clays and sands’
    • ‘The later Babylonians adopted the same style of cuneiform writing on clay tablets.’
    • ‘The crafts will include stick making, painting, clay modelling, paper mache, collage and many more.’
    • ‘Not only is it waterproof, but it will also dry like baked polymer clays.’
    • ‘The soil is a silty clay loam and located in the Finger Lakes.’
    • ‘Higher rates must be used in heavy clay soils than in light sandy soils.’
    • ‘One slope of the mound had clay loam soil and another had sandy loam.’
    • ‘They then cut around the fish template with plastic knives, carefully removing all the excess clay.’
    • ‘He informs me that the ground below Dublin consists predominantly of boulder clay.’
    • ‘You can apply a layer of bentonite clay to seal the soil or lay a synthetic liner.’
    • ‘I've used polymer clay with children from second grade through sixth.’
    • ‘Treat dirt or red clay on children's baseball uniforms in the same manner.’
    • ‘Material culture included leather moccasins, pottery vessels with incised decoration, and clay figurines.’
    • ‘He sat in a rocking chair after dinner and smoked a long clay pipe.’
    • ‘I strongly suggested that the students carve only, fighting the temptation to model the soft clay with their fingers.’
    • ‘Actually red clay was used to build it.’
    • ‘Children are like wet clay - they take the shape they are moulded into.’
    • ‘If you're pregnant or nursing, consult your doctor before using bentonite clay.’
    • ‘But the fine, white clay called kaolin was essential.’
    • ‘In 1851, British archaeologists discovered hundreds of clay tablets while digging in ancient Babylon.’
    • ‘Both were making clay pots, and everything seemed to be going along well.’
    earth, terracotta, gault, catlinite, pipeclay, pipestone, argil, china clay, kaolin, adobe, ball clay, bole, pug
    slip, barbotine
    fireclay
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1technical Sediment with particles smaller than silt, typically less than 0.002 mm.
      sediment, deposit, alluvium, mud, slime, ooze, sludge
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A hardened clay surface for a tennis court:
      ‘she won more matches on clay than any other player’
      • ‘Clay is her worst surface and she is still learning the business of running and winning on a court that turns the legs to jelly and the lungs to cement.’
      • ‘Of the surfaces on which tennis is played - clay, hard court, carpet, synthetic - grass suits above all the serve-and-volley game.’
      • ‘Fortunately the competition will be played on a hard court surface and not clay which many of our players are not familiar with.’
      • ‘I mean, the future of tennis lies in clay, and in creating new personalities, so I am not bothered if I am seen in some quarters as being a bit of a loner or a maverick.’
      • ‘Then again, clay is not his surface and the battalions of Argentine baseline craftsmen are always out to get him here.’
      • ‘Crucially, they are potent on every surface including the indoor clay chosen for this week's final in Paris.’
      • ‘‘I am very, very surprised to be in the quarter-final because normally clay is my favourite surface,’ he said.’
      • ‘The fact that clay is the perfect surface on which to learn the game and yet British players are, for the most part, terrified of it, still astounds and perplexes Jones.’
      • ‘He also became the first player since 1979 to win three titles in a row on three different surfaces - grass, clay and hardcourt.’
    3. 1.3literary The substance of the human body:
      ‘this lifeless clay’
      • ‘It was the rest of him that was made of fallible human clay.’
      • ‘Of course, he does this not through imagery alone but through turning the paint itself into a kind of turbulent human clay.’
      • ‘All things simply revert to their former state, the body of clay unto dust, and the spirit of life unto the One who loaned it for a season.’
      • ‘Some artists, notably Rembrandt, used the genre as a vehicle for ironic commentary on the discrepancies between the ideals of classical art and the faulty human clay of which we are made.’
  • 2A European moth with yellowish-brown wings.

Origin

Old English clǣg, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch klei, also to cleave and climb.

Pronunciation:

clay

/kleɪ/