Definition of citadel in English:

citadel

noun

  • 1A fortress, typically one on high ground above a city.

    ‘the garrison withdrew into the citadel’
    figurative ‘citadels of private economic power’
    • ‘After the initial skirmishes of the battle, the French withdrew to their massive citadel.’
    • ‘The most controversial proposal is for a three-storey museum under the Forbidden City, a sprawling citadel dating from the Ming Dynasty.’
    • ‘A deep moat that surrounds the citadel has kept it from being damaged.’
    • ‘The great city walls were not breached until 146, and it took a week of street fighting for the Romans to work their way to the citadel.’
    • ‘At this point the palace-organized economy seems to have ceased, though parts of the citadel continued to be occupied until about 1050 bc.’
    • ‘It was only when he had almost reached the citadel that he leapt on his horse and rode off.’
    • ‘Each city was laid out on a grid plan with a high citadel and a lower city of domestic dwellings.’
    • ‘Nine of the citadel's original fourteen towers still stand, named after the guilds that raised the money to build and maintain them.’
    • ‘Peter's army stormed the citadel and sacked the city, killing several thousand inhabitants and local Byzantine troops.’
    • ‘The city fell immediately, but the garrison held out in the citadel.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, the Palamidi Fortress, a citadel dominating the town, is worth a visit.’
    • ‘They soon grew tired of the siege, bound their commander, and lowered him down the walls of the citadel to a summary execution.’
    • ‘We drove two hundred kilometers to Bam, a sprawling walled city and citadel begun two thousand years ago by the Parthians.’
    • ‘The city fell immediately, but the citadel held out.’
    • ‘To this end 10,000 troops were quartered on the land, in great citadels at Leith, Ayr, and Perth, and a score of smaller forts.’
    • ‘He actually broke into the city, but could not take the citadel.’
    • ‘Lying at the town's highest point, the site resembles a small citadel, hovering above its surroundings and visible from the streets below.’
    • ‘The royal citadel, to strengthen the defences, was begun in 1666 and the dockyard at Devonport was developed in William III's reign.’
    • ‘Victory eluded the British for three months, until Wolfe successfully landed men on the Plains of Abraham above the citadel.’
    • ‘The walled citadels in some early cities developed into elaborate palisades, walls, and moats to protect the multitude of Iron Age and medieval cities throughout much of the country.’
    fortress, fort, stronghold, fortification, castle, burg, keep, tower, donjon, bunker
    View synonyms
  • 2A meeting hall of the Salvation Army.

    • ‘Presumably, it was meant to honour the Salvation Army citadel that stood there until the 1990s.’
    • ‘The court was told that he had gained the trust when he served at Salvation Army citadels.’
    • ‘The regional headquarters have already shifted to another neighbourhood and the decision was finally taken two years ago to sell off the citadel so that a new facility could be built.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from French citadelle, or from Italian cittadella, based on Latin civitas ‘city’ (see city).

Pronunciation

citadel

/ˈsɪtəd(ə)l//ˈsɪtədɛl/