Definition of circular in English:

circular

adjective

  • 1Having the form of a circle:

    ‘the building features a circular atrium’
    • ‘One of the show homes features a circular staircase and upstairs gallery.’
    • ‘Other churches worth visiting include the splendid cathedral and the beautiful baroque circular church of St Clemens, built between 1745 and 1753.’
    • ‘Recent donations include the purchase of picnic tables, a circular seat round the willow tree by the lake, and benches in the park.’
    • ‘It had a circular driveway, and in the center was a small circle of grass with several beautiful rose bushes growing on it.’
    • ‘Most Iranian intersections have a large circular island in the middle.’
    • ‘The pendant was circular, and within the circle was a tree with a sun in the corner.’
    • ‘My first new belt in about seven years was a hand-painted creation with two rows of large circular holes running all the way round it.’
    • ‘From now on, pizza will just be a circular abomination we order out of desperation, when there isn't time to make anything good.’
    • ‘My front garden is terraced with a paved circle, in the middle of which is a circular bed.’
    • ‘The most striking design element of the atrium is the circular stair that turns 180 degrees between floors.’
    • ‘A series of circular markers bearing Ralph's Cross, the park's symbol, have gone missing in recent weeks.’
    • ‘Iranian leaders wear black or white turbans wrapped in a flat, circular style.’
    • ‘A circular brick island rises up in the centre of the roundabout.’
    • ‘The centrepiece of the large interior is a circular bar, presumably there to make it possible to have a drink while waiting for a table.’
    • ‘The restaurant's gimmick is a circular aquarium, behind 10 ft-high glass surrounding diners.’
    • ‘Its outer circular wall was transformed internally into a square.’
    • ‘With old stone collected from derelict cottages on the edge of the village they built a circular garden.’
    • ‘Bottle labels, stationery, pump clips and exterior hotel signage feature a new circular design.’
    • ‘Its circular shape invokes the tradition of associating circles with regeneration and wholeness.’
    • ‘Surrounding the circle will be a circular grass mound, carpeted in bluebells.’
    round, disc-shaped, disc-like
    ring-shaped, hoop-shaped, hoop-like, annular
    cycloidal, discoid, discoidal
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a movement or journey) starting and finishing at the same place and often following roughly the circumference of an imaginary circle:
      ‘a circular walk’
      • ‘The narrative is quite circular, in that the first and final scenes are very similar.’
      • ‘I took me just short of six hours to complete the circular route back into Middlesmoor.’
      • ‘Apply to the skin in circular movements paying particular attention to your knees, feet and elbows or any dry patches.’
      • ‘He said that he was interested in learning the circular movements of aikido.’
      • ‘The five-mile sponsored walk will take a circular route between Baildon Moor and Faweather Grange on Ilkley Moor.’
      • ‘For him, the journey of his young adulthood was a futile circular movement.’
      • ‘You should be making circular motions with your index fingers round your temples.’
      • ‘The company also removed its 651 and 647 buses which used to run in a circular route.’
      • ‘This last leg in our circular walk takes us across his farm.’
      • ‘Orbits not being exactly circular, the minimum distances can range from 56 million km to 101 million km.’
      • ‘She followed the perpetually circular movement of the revolving doors, stepping out onto Kyanka Street.’
      • ‘The biting surfaces of the teeth should be brushed in circular motion.’
      • ‘The local Rangers attempt to cram as much of the area into a 10 km jaunt as they can, with a circular walk to Carbeth.’
      • ‘Round and round she went, her circular flightpath growing ever bigger.’
      • ‘He said there should also be a circular walk giving greater access to the riverside.’
      • ‘The longest circular route may take more than two-and-a-half hours.’
      • ‘What should be a 10 minute walk from their home to a nearby park has turned into an hour-long three-mile circular hike.’
      • ‘The overall look of the Cuban salsa should be sensuous and fluid, with the dancers moving around each other and the floor in circular movements.’
      • ‘It has recommended a string of proposals, including a new circular bus service in the area.’
      • ‘We explored the mountains on a circular tour, walking every other day to a new camp.’
  • 2Logic
    (of an argument) already containing an assumption of what is to be proved, and therefore fallacious:

    ‘the reality of standard English rests on the circular argument that that is good which good users use’
    • ‘These estimates can be highly biased and produce a circular argument.’
    • ‘This is a classic circular argument, in which the conclusion is already present in the premise.’
    • ‘This is a circular argument: we read into the historical record what we want to see clearly.’
    • ‘This argument clearly is circular, because science is to tell us what is to be considered legitimate science.’
    • ‘Such a circular argument, which relies on its own suppositions as proof, can be used to justify anything.’
  • 3[attributive] (of a letter or advertisement) for distribution to a large number of people:

    ‘a circular letter was sent asking for support’
    • ‘A circular letter was then sent by post to all past and present serving members.’
    • ‘He sent a circular letter to numerous legal practices in Scotland, asking various questions about the firms' knowledge of him.’
    • ‘Regular visitors may remember my organisation's facilities team who recently sent a circular email to over 200 people because a paper napkin had gone missing.’
    • ‘This is the same facilities team who refused to send a circular email when my car was dented in the office car park!’
    • ‘He put the circular letter in the rubbish bin.’
    • ‘This can function as a circular letter to people who want to know what I'm up to, although I don't write it for that reason.’
    • ‘The vision was made concrete in a circular letter, addressed to EU partners.’
    • ‘Other workers got phone calls from colleagues or discovered a circular letter informing them of the closedown.’
    • ‘Jung issued a circular letter to all members firmly stating the principle that The International Society is neutral as to politics and creed.’
    • ‘Rules for adoption had been set out in a circular letter which was received by the applicants.’
    • ‘Further investigations revealed the powder was coming from an A4 size envelope containing a circular leaflet.’

noun

  • A letter or advertisement which is distributed to a large number of people:

    ‘I received a circular from a building society’
    • ‘A circular was sent to every household in the parish after the failed meetings.’
    • ‘Details of the restructuring plan are expected to be included in the circular being sent to all shareholders in the next two weeks.’
    • ‘The city health authority distributed circulars to hospitals to prepare for a possible dengue fever outbreak.’
    • ‘Anyone who knows me well will know how much I loathe email circulars and chain letters.’
    • ‘We have sent out a circular calling for donations and regular collections.’
    • ‘At both Malton and York, we shall be sending round a circular asking farmers to let us know what stock they have available and wish to sell.’
    • ‘His strategy was to mobilize church members by distributing circulars at mass.’
    • ‘A circular was sent out to union members, instructing them not to participate in the strike.’
    • ‘The Monetary Authority sent banks a circular recommending they use a second type of identification to protect customers using Internet banking transactions.’
    • ‘Below is an email that was sent as a circular around the entire university email system, proving just how mush of an important issue parking is!’
    • ‘The Mambalam police station sent a circular to all Internet cafes in the area with a few directions as to usage.’
    • ‘The authorities issued a detailed circular warning of the need to take stringent safety precautions.’
    • ‘A circular sent to members of the exclusive club said the newer building was ‘a useful annexe’.’
    • ‘It has sent a circular asking residents to give their opinion on what sort of development they want to see on the site.’
    • ‘The company prints one advertising circular a year.’
    • ‘We sent a circular to the shopowners asking them not to park their cars on Brigade Road.’
    • ‘He goes through the advertising circulars and researches whether better prices are available anywhere else.’
    • ‘A circular has been distributed to all homes in the town offering various novel ideas on how to support the project.’
    • ‘But personally I'd prefer a letter - even if it was a circular - telling me what has happened to the sender and his/her family since the last communication.’
    • ‘The full extent of FIFA's stance was revealed in a circular sent out yesterday to all national associations and will apply immediately.’
    leaflet, pamphlet, handbill
    flyer, advertisement, notice
    mailer, folder
    dodger
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French circulier, from late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus small ring (see circle).

Pronunciation

circular

/ˈsəːkjʊlə/