Main definitions of chunk in English

: chunk1chunk2

chunk1

noun

  • 1A thick, solid piece of something.

    ‘huge chunks of masonry littered the street’
    • ‘The thick meaty sauce with chunks of beef and pork was delicious.’
    • ‘I was flung out of control, and was narrowly missed a huge chunk of rock.’
    • ‘The pieces of rabbit were brown and almost crispy on the outside, encasing solid chunks of nicely roasted meat.’
    • ‘The road was so slippery and there were thick chunks of ice on it.’
    • ‘Ben swallowed a big chunk of meat and cheese.’
    • ‘We said nothing as we stepped over the shards of roof slate and chunks of plaster and pieces of smashed doors.’
    • ‘I like my cake to have some chunks of biscuit through it, so I don't crush them all completely, though if you want a smoother consistency cake, you can.’
    • ‘Huge chunks of stone, honed by creative hands, form elaborate gothic doorways and windows.’
    • ‘Where the road had been cut through a rise, great chunks of sandstone were exposed, thick pieces, tawny as the landscape.’
    • ‘My soup came in a good deep bowl, with a chunk of bread.’
    • ‘Garlicky melted Brie with pineapple chunks might sound slightly freaky but we defy you to resist another mouthful.’
    • ‘Moist chunks of carrot cake and a fridgeful of ice-cream ensure that your tastebuds, at least, need never face reality again.’
    • ‘Up above her head was a big huge chunk of concrete that must have been at three tons.’
    • ‘Though few snowflakes fell, the ground was covered in nearly two feet of snow, most of which had frozen solid into large chunks of ice.’
    • ‘This assortment of raw fish chunks arranged over delicious sesame-seeded and seaweed-laced rice can be a way for a chef to strut his stuff.’
    • ‘A metal fence post was found nearby and it has been used to chip chunks of stone from the other pillars and the monument itself.’
    • ‘The salad was a sad little remnant of a 1980s salad made mostly of iceberg lettuce, thick chunks of onion and thicker chunks of cucumber.’
    • ‘The ceiling was breaking and chunks were falling to the floor below.’
    • ‘Thread two metal skewers with 100g steak, cut into cubes, along with chunks of yellow pepper, onion, cherry tomatoes and mushrooms.’
    • ‘Yesterday, cranes lifted heavy chunks of concrete, metal beams and giant buckets of broken building materials.’
    • ‘Rescue workers and survivors clawed away at the rubble, passing chunks of concrete and bricks along a line.’
    • ‘The stone cracked under the pressure and sent chunks falling to the stone floor, cracking it as well.’
    lump, hunk, wedge, block, slab, square, nugget, nub, brick, cube, bar, cake, loaf
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1in singular A significant amount of something.
      ‘she invested a chunk of her inheritance in the stock market’
      • ‘His divorce settlement took a sizeable chunk out of his fortune.’
      • ‘Sykes last night pledged his support for the Party and will spend a chunk of his fortune promoting their election campaign.’
      • ‘Five years ago, it introduced personal social security accounts: giving workers the power to invest a chunk of their retirement in a choice of approved funds.’
      • ‘Encourage students to complete assignments in small, manageable chunks.’
      • ‘Michael has given them a chunk of capital amounting to about £500,000 between them.’
      • ‘You might also seek out funds in which the managers have invested a large chunk of their own money.’
      • ‘Rail enthusiasts with a cool £1.5m to spare could find themselves owning their own railway - as well as a chunk of steam history.’
      • ‘Did we trust Brown and Roberts when they came in here and took a big chunk of that money?’
      • ‘I just need a chunk of time to write up a detailed review.’
      • ‘A chunk of the cash has already been ear-marked for continuing work on updating the West Coast main line along with cross city links in Edinburgh and a new rail service to Glasgow Airport.’
      • ‘As part of the deal, the Rangers syndicate got a sizable chunk of land in addition to the stadium.’
      • ‘Talking of which, I'm heading to Athens at the crack of dawn to get a first look at preparations for the Athens Olympics, where I'll be spending a chunk of my Summer.’
      • ‘It has also decided to spend a chunk of its capital spending allowance on repaying its £190 million debt, which started to build up in the 1960s.’
      • ‘The advent of the private finance initiative has made trust managements even more conscious of the need to keep a lid on pay, because a chunk of their budget goes to the companies that build and maintain the buildings.’
      • ‘Even before households decide what to do with their federal tax breaks, cash-strapped states and localities are claiming a chunk of that change.’
      • ‘The cosmetics chain, which now operates some 200 retail stores worldwide, is one of the companies making a play for a chunk of the market.’
      • ‘‘What they are losing is a chunk of feature material which is what makes it distinctively Scottish,’ said one experienced producer.’
      • ‘He also attributes a chunk of his creativity to his mom, who took Paul scavenging for vintage goods and bought him his first sewing machine.’
      • ‘As expected, band practice takes up a nice, hefty chunk of their time.’
      • ‘The DJ spent a sizeable chunk of his three-hour morning slot yesterday talking about the size of his hangover.’
    2. 1.2Computing A section of information or data.
      • ‘In fact, you can register with the OS a chunk of code to handle a given interrupt.’
      • ‘The actual data in the files is not too complicated, because each file is a series of 'chunks'.’
      • ‘First, it reduces the amount of maintenance by removing a significant chunk of code.’
      • ‘The difference between the traditional wireless systems and the new Wireless USB technology is that now bigger chunks of information can be sent through the air at any given time.’
      • ‘For example, imagine each whorl of a fingerprint as a separate chunk of information.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1North American Divide (something) into chunks.

    ‘chunk four pounds of pears’
    • ‘For his beef empanadas he uses meat that is ground, rather than chunked, before it is mixed with tomatoes, onions, sweet pepper, and paprika.’
    • ‘An equilibrium culture was obtained by chunking a block of agar containing worms from an old plate onto a new plate seeded with bacteria once every 3-4 days over a period of 1 month.’
    • ‘In addition to chunking time, historians also need to chunk space, focusing on specific areas of the world as well as on specific periods.’
    • ‘The ground and chunked beef products are fully cooked, creating a broth and separating the fat from the beef.’
    • ‘Start with 2 cups of sliced or chunked firm radishes.’
    1. 1.1informal Throw (something)
      ‘chunk a piece of wood on the fire, will you?’
      • ‘It obviously would never do to have workers chunking chickens at the inspector, would it?’
      • ‘Glover had one hand around the trophy at this year's BellSouth in Atlanta, but chunked a half-wedge into the water on the 72nd hole.’
      • ‘The coastal wader chunking a topwater lure on 12-to 14-pound line for trophy speckled trout on an open flat should maintain a loose drag.’
      • ‘That is perfect, you will be able to see those pumpkins get chunked as far as they need to go.’
      • ‘We chunked it back out as far as we could send it.’
      • ‘She snorted and chunked it in the Trash folder.’
      • ‘I wonder if she'd notice if I chunked this at her!’
      • ‘When she told him, he "took his drink and chunked it up against the wall," Simpson said.’
      • ‘A bolder group of four students drove downtown and chunked a brick through his gun shop window.’
      • ‘"My shift is over," she said as she took of her apron and chunked it on the counter.’
      • ‘There's something really enjoyable about chunking the carriage back and forth, hearing the satisfying thwack of type on paper and platen - it's cool.’
      • ‘I took the clothes out of the new washer and chunked them in the dryer.’
      • ‘"I was kind of up there chunking and it cost me."’
  • 2(in psychology or linguistic analysis) group together (connected items or words) so that they can be stored or processed as single concepts.

    ‘pupils are able to chunk phrases or propositions into units’
    ‘the chunking of information’
    • ‘We know, for example, as George Miller told us, the limit of the number of items that we can easily remember, and we know from that research that chunking information into larger units improves memory.’
    • ‘He obviously couldn't chunk even Spanish words into pronounceable blocks.’
    • ‘George Miller, a pioneer in the study of cognitive psychology and memory, suggested that this ‘something more’ often consists of the process of chunking.’
    • ‘These phrases are the building blocks of language, and we naturally chunk sentences into phrase blocks just as we chunk visual images into objects.’
    • ‘Information that is chunked and linked is easier to remember, and to learn with songs and patterns.’
    1. 2.1Computing Divide (data) into separate sections.
      ‘to prepare hypertext, information is chunked into small, manageable units’
      • ‘That's another chunking process that saves the CPU but slows the output on a fast machine.’
      • ‘For large files, the web service requires "chunking" of data over the wire.’
      • ‘Version 1.0.3 fixes a problem that would have occurred with image resources transferred using chunked encoding.’
      • ‘First up, a buffer overflow involving chunked encoding with the ASP (Active Server Page) ISAPI filter.’
      • ‘The local copy includes HTTP response headers and HTTP / 1.1 chunking information’

Origin

Late 17th century: apparently an alteration of chuck.

Pronunciation

chunk

/tʃʌŋk/

Main definitions of chunk in English

: chunk1chunk2

chunk2

verb

[NO OBJECT]North American
  • Move with or make a muffled, metallic sound.

    ‘the door chunked behind them’
    • ‘The door chunked behind them.’
    • ‘I heard the air brakes of the truck hiss as the driver chunked into gear.’
    • ‘The waterwheel distantly chunked and gurgled.’
    • ‘I wasn't used to the heavy shoes and this became evident when my leg flew out sideways and chunked into a young lady's shin.’

Origin

Late 19th century: imitative.

Pronunciation

chunk

/tʃʌŋk/