Definition of chrysanthemum in English:

chrysanthemum

nounPlural chrysanthemums

  • A plant of the daisy family with brightly coloured ornamental flowers, existing in many cultivated varieties.

    Genera Chrysanthemum or (most cultivated species) Dendranthema, family Compositae

    • ‘Many flowers are edible, the most common culinary varieties being calendula, chrysanthemum, daylily, nasturtium, pansy, violet and zucchini.’
    • ‘The main crops produced were roses, mimosas, carnations and chrysanthemums, as ornamental non-edible plants, and tomato, lettuce and basil, as edible ones.’
    • ‘Major festivals attract huge crowds, and famous sites for admiring plum and cherry blossoms, irises, azaleas, chrysanthemums, and the bright leaves of fall draw many visitors.’
    • ‘The corporation parks department created displays of autumn flowers, including chrysanthemums, Michaelmas daisies, geraniums, salvias and primuli.’
    • ‘You no doubt have heard of cloth houses being used to grow many plants commercially, in particular chrysanthemums, asters, snapdragons, and occasionally roses.’
    • ‘Vegetable harvest coincides with bright autumn foliage, chrysanthemums, asters and sedum.’
    • ‘Those inspired by the Far East included stylized water lilies, chrysanthemums, peonies, prunus blossoms, wisteria, and wild roses, as well as birds and insects.’
    • ‘Orchids, anthuriums, chrysanthemums, gladiolus, lilies, cut flowers and dry flowers were a big draw among visitors.’
    • ‘Planted along with traditional peonies, irises and chrysanthemums, are lupines, veronicas and Canterbury bells, a contemporary feature rarely seen in Japanese gardens.’
    • ‘I went upstairs on the roof and sat among the potted plants, among the violets and chrysanthemums and marigolds and daisies.’
    • ‘Choose perennials and bulbs that are quick to form intricate root systems, such as chrysanthemums, violets, daffodils and creeping phlox.’
    • ‘There, under palm trees and bamboo, grew huge chrysanthemums and peonies, as well as wisteria.’
    • ‘Keep asters and chrysanthemums more compact by pinching a couple of inches off their growing tips when they reach 12 inches tall in spring and again in mid-summer.’
    • ‘Daises, lilies, tulips, chrysanthemums, petunias, and hyacinths also blossomed.’
    • ‘Stake and support dahlias, gladioli, chrysanthemums and other top-heavy border plants.’
    • ‘By using new growing methods which are similar to cultivating chrysanthemums in pots, it is now possible to achieve a longer season for top quality potted dahlias.’
    • ‘Cosmos and chrysanthemums, along with marigolds, may repel Mexican bean beetles from beans.’
    • ‘Even though there are hundreds of good varieties of chrysanthemums available, the advice of experts in various regions resulted in this short list of the most outstanding or noteworthy.’
    • ‘If you have a history of allergy to daisies, ragweed, marigolds, chrysanthemums, or related plants, you may be more at risk of having an allergic reaction to echinacea.’
    • ‘For most, the presence of flowers such as roses, peonies, chrysanthemums, lilies, irises and calendulas for instance represents an aesthetic uplifting of spirit.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (originally denoting the corn marigold): from Latin, from Greek khrusanthemon, from khrusos ‘gold’ + anthemon ‘flower’.

Pronunciation

chrysanthemum

/krɪˈsanθɪməm//krɪˈsanθɪzəm/