Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop1

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cut (something) into pieces with repeated sharp blows of an axe or knife.

    ‘they chopped up the pulpit for firewood’
    ‘finely chop the parsley’
    • ‘Well, if they think that then they have to be chopped up into little pieces!’
    • ‘A sharp knife is not required to chop the story to pieces; a dull two-by-four will suffice.’
    • ‘The volunteers collect several tonnes of wood and then chop it into manageable pieces, ready for the fireplace.’
    • ‘After that, take them out and leave them to soften slightly for 15 to 20 minutes, then peel them with a sharp knife and chop them into chunks.’
    • ‘Once they are weighed and measured, their location noted, the whales are chopped up, shipped back to Japan, and sold on the open market.’
    • ‘They first asked me if it was OK if they chopped the tree into pieces.’
    • ‘The salmon came with finely chopped egg and a sharp piquant sauce with horseradish base and was simply excellent.’
    • ‘Season inside and stuff with finely chopped onion and parsley.’
    • ‘Halve the red chillies, scrape out the seeds with the point of a knife then chop the flesh finely.’
    • ‘The harvested plant material was chopped up and returned to the soil to allow it to decompose so that no labelled nitrogen was lost from the system.’
    • ‘A portion of each sample was chopped into small pieces, frozen, and homogenized in fresh CTAB extraction buffer.’
    • ‘Blend it until the garlic is chopped up and the marinade forms an emulsion.’
    • ‘Wash the pepper and chop it into pieces about as big as the beef.’
    • ‘It was chopped up into small pieces and taken away.’
    • ‘If you don't want to crunch through large, raw pieces of onion in your burger, finely chop the onions, or mince them in a food processor, before adding to the meat.’
    • ‘They are chopped up and mulched and used in the planting of other trees.’
    • ‘Large pieces of jewellery were often chopped up into smaller pieces known as ‘hack-silver’ to make up the exact weight of silver required.’
    • ‘I garnished with strips of prosciutto and finely chopped chives and parsley.’
    • ‘Sycamore are usually the worst and can remain dry at the bottom of the pile unless they are chopped up and soaked before stacking.’
    • ‘To isolate protoplasts, the embryonic axes were chopped into small pieces using a razor blade.’
    cut up, cut into pieces, chop up
    chop up, cut up, cut into pieces, hew, split, cleave
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1chop something off Remove something by cutting.
      ‘they chopped off all her hair’
      • ‘If I spend one night away from him I feel as if my right arm has been chopped off.’
      • ‘George's fingertip was finally re-attached 22 hours after it was chopped off in an accident - but it was too late and the operation failed.’
      • ‘It does need keeping in hand, but that can easily be done by chopping bits off to give to your friends.’
      • ‘The biggest problem with this film is the book it's based on, the last 25 minutes could be chopped off.’
      • ‘I thought that if I let go, the car door would chop my head off.’
      • ‘‘If I got hold of the person who did it, I'd chop their hands off,’ said Mrs Humphries, who is a member of the residents' association and discovered they had been robbed on Saturday morning.’
      • ‘‘It was not like it was an accident - someone took an axe or saw and chopped them off deliberately,’ he said.’
      • ‘One morning I chopped it off and can't say I've ever missed it.’
      • ‘Dozens of shoppers looked on as paramedics and firefighters descended on a crashed car in Hull city centre, stabilising the traumatised driver and chopping the roof off her car.’
      • ‘‘With the battery farming of chickens, they are kept in cages the size of an A4 piece of paper and their beaks are chopped off to stop them attacking each other, which they may do due to all the stress they're put under,’ he explains.’
      • ‘I end up buying them and chopping the bottoms off.’
      • ‘And at the same time, there are tight metal bands around my legs and arms, so tight they make me want to chop them off.’
      • ‘Luke's mother Julia told the Guardian: ‘When he gave the snapping turtle some lettuce its head popped out and it spat at him and nearly chopped his fingers off.’’
      • ‘They didn't chop them off as rapidly in those days like they do now.’
      • ‘That is why Oliver Cromwell permitted King Charles the First to be dressed like a king and to act like a king up until the final moments when his head was chopped off.’
      • ‘‘Roots are chopped off while digging the ground, which weakens the tree,’ he explained.’
      • ‘This controversy comes a month after council chiefs in South Shields sparked outrage by chopping branches off a horse chestnut tree.’
      • ‘But once he's also chopped the block off of that last one, you might be a bit more suspicious.’
      • ‘He underwent an 18-hour operation at Withington Hospital in Manchester after his fingers were chopped off in a guillotine accident.’
      • ‘The new air ambulance and base will chop crucial minutes off the usual time it would take the Darlington based helicopter to reach Cumbrian casualties.’
      sever, cut off, hack off, slice off, lop off, saw off, shear off
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Cut through the base of (a tree or similar plant) with blows from an axe or other implement, in order to fell it.
      ‘the boy chopped down eight trees’
      • ‘The fence will be 2.5 metres high and that will mean much of the greenery will have to be chopped down for it to be installed.’
      • ‘Large pine trees were left standing but smaller silver birch and beech trees were chopped down.’
      • ‘Other species which were illegally chopped down included acacia, longan, banana and ivy trees, all found in Hong Kong's countryside.’
      • ‘Before it was built, locals waged a long but vain battle to save the Italian poplar tree which was eventually chopped down.’
      • ‘Over the years we complained as they got bigger and two trees were chopped down and the one nearest the house was pruned as it was by then nearly covering the roof.’
      • ‘Legend has it that Carver once chopped down a cherry tree.’
      • ‘When she saw that numerous trees had been chopped down she refused workers access through her land the next day.’
      • ‘The trees, which have been chopped down, but not uprooted, have been replaced by new turf.’
      • ‘He also stripped the ivy from the house and chopped down the oak trees, including one with a treehouse built for the previous residents' kids.’
      • ‘Enraged homeowners are calling for action against developers, who chopped down dozens of trees near a former asbestos factory.’
      • ‘Councillor Ryan said the council was powerless to prevent the trees from being chopped down as it does not own the land.’
      • ‘‘The trees to be chopped down were identified, but the work to uproot them was not completed,’ sources say.’
      • ‘Already 13 maple trees have had to be chopped down in a playground only a few minutes from Central Park.’
      • ‘Haitians have chopped down so many trees that the soil is eroding, making it harder to farm.’
      • ‘As soon as they moved out, the landlord came and dug up the garden and chopped down every single tree.’
      • ‘More than 300 six-year-old oak and beech trees have been chopped down at the Millennium Wood at Crowle, North Lincolnshire.’
      • ‘First of all, we'll save a lot of trees from being chopped down.’
      • ‘In the first stage, 8,000 trees are being treated with a copper spray, to contain the canker when trees are chopped down and burnt.’
      • ‘Hazel trees were chopped down and new shoots were allowed to grow from the stump.’
      • ‘Residents in Station Road are angry trees have been chopped down to prevent leaves falling on to the railway line.’
      cut down, fell, bring down, hack down, saw down
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Strike (something) with a short heavy blow, as if cutting at something.
      ‘Benson chopped the ball on to the stumps’
      • ‘With the Yanks leading 2-1, Orlando Cabrera chopped a ball to third base to lead off the bottom of the sixth.’
      • ‘Webb got Steve Finley to fly out and struck out Milton Bradley, and then Beltre chopped a ball to the left side.’
      • ‘McLaren, who had been over-indulgent on the left flank, eventually managed to unravel himself from close marking and chop the ball back to Hay, who launched a long cross into the box.’
      • ‘Guzman now is trying to chop the ball on the ground and use his speed.’
      • ‘His ball shot through the green and settled in the thick rough behind the green but the South African chopped it out and sank it for a birdie.’
      • ‘Under pressure, the Motherwell midfielder Simo Valakari tried to chop the ball back from the touchline to his central defender Grieg Denham.’
      • ‘I hate the idea of missing a fairway and having to just chop it out of heavy rough.’
      • ‘Bruyns chopped a ball onto his stumps and Gamiet spooned a catch to mid-on.’
      • ‘Humphreys, having started the wickets rolling by snaring Martin Leech with a snick to Walker, then got a delivery to lift and Kaushal chopped it onto his stumps for 12.’
      • ‘Boone chopped a grounder to Bill Mueller, but the ball spun out of the third baseman's grasp for a charitable infield single to load the bases.’
      • ‘He chopped a ball hard on to his leg stump but the bail, instead of falling, spun and settled lengthways across the top of the stump, completely clear of the middle stump.’
      • ‘Five pitches later, Sierra chopped a pitch that a charging Millar fielded halfway between first and home.’
      • ‘Bowling closer to the batsman's body may have seen an intended cut fly to slip or chop the ball onto the stumps, but it was not to be, and the English attack was accordingly flayed.’
      • ‘He chops his second out of the rough to 40 yards short of the green but on the grass surrounding a nasty pot bunker.’
      • ‘Guzman chopped a ball which Cairo cut off in short right but had no play on, loading the bases.’
      • ‘Novak becomes the first man to hold serve after Henman chops an attempted stop-volley wide.’
      • ‘The impetus was maintained by Mirza who struck a confident run-a-ball 40, while Walker was unlucky to chop the ball onto his stumps for 27 and so end his knock.’
  • 2Abolish or reduce the size of (something) in a way regarded as ruthless.

    ‘their training courses are to be chopped’
    • ‘Staffing levels at the city's library could be chopped.’
    • ‘The firm put forward plans to chop Sunday bus services on three routes in the area.’
    • ‘Exports to Iran, Iraq, China, and Egypt were chopped.’
    • ‘At the same time it also announced plans to chop 3,000 jobs in a bid to reduce costs.’
    • ‘The strategy is risky, but suppliers say it is the result of years of intensive pressure to chop prices.’
    reduce drastically, cut
    View synonyms

noun

  • 1A downward cutting blow or movement, typically with the hand.

    ‘an effective chop to the back of the neck’
    • ‘Then she made two quick movements - first a quick, but effective chop to Bobby's neck, then a retrieval of the gun.’
    • ‘Chuck does an oddly contrapuntal kung fu chop in the aisle.’
    • ‘Neither talked for quite a while, both just sat listening to the steady swish, chop, swish, chop, of the axe in the wood.’
    • ‘Raymond leaped forward with a downward chop from his long sword.’
    • ‘He landed a fist to her chin and she countered with a chop to his neck.’
    • ‘He watched his father's neat, even blows, chops, cuts, and parries.’
    • ‘Then a minute later the first yellow card and subsequent sending off ever in the National Hurling League came when James Walsh was sent to the line after a chop on his opposite number Gerry Quinn.’
    • ‘A chop strikes home, straight to the skull, a head is bloodied.’
    • ‘With one arm out, the hapless soldier was quickly disarmed, then dispatched by a chop across his neck as he turned to run.’
    • ‘Within seconds, downward chops and low slashes signal the beginning of the engagement.’
    • ‘Then, with a single disarming chop to the back of his neck, Alex's eyes rolled back into his head, he swayed once, and then fell on the floor.’
    • ‘I stepped to the side, easily avoiding a downwards chop.’
    • ‘As the swimmer completes his pull with a quick, downward chop of the hand, notice that he still maintains a broad surface area with the hand.’
    • ‘If it's a good excuse they get one light karate chop to the forehead if it's not they get a chop to the head and stomach.’
    • ‘On the 41st minute though referee David Ross had Downpatrick howling for his instant dismissal of Peter Telford whose tackle seemed more a case of bad timing than a vicious chop.’
  • 2A thick slice of meat, especially pork or lamb, adjacent to and often including a rib.

    ‘he lived on liver or chops’
    • ‘Heat the oil in a frying pan and sear the pork chops for four minutes on one side, pressing them down in the pan.’
    • ‘So for Father's Day, I grilled thick pork chops - almost 2 inches deep - topped with a mint pesto and grilled yams and then sautéed green beans.’
    • ‘Pork chops in a Peking-style barbecue sauce are scrumptious.’
    • ‘If you order the thick lamb chops, have them drizzled with anchovy butter; the grilled pompano is good enough to eat alone.’
    • ‘Roasted cod has a brisk glaze of vinegar and Riesling; thin, tender venison chops are paired with an engaging juniper-and-celery-root gratin.’
    • ‘I would also be happy to drink this with simple grilled red meats such as steak, or lamb chops.’
    • ‘Other Sunset Specials include egg and bacon quiche, steak sandwich, pork chop with a choice of mushroom or peppercorn sauces and even a chicken curry Madras.’
    • ‘The menu is filled with stylish comfort foods like liver and onions, wood-smoked pork chops, and shell steak smothered in crisps of pancetta.’
    • ‘Finally, they would bring the entrée, which might be a steak, lamb chops, roast pork, rabbit, ox tail stew or veal.’
    • ‘It's best used when grilling kabobs, burgers, chops and steaks.’
    • ‘Cut open bag and slice lamb into individual chops.’
    • ‘In the last year I have added it to white bean soup, squid with peas, chorizo stews, grilled lamb chops, roasted vegetables, baked beans, beef burgers and fish stew.’
    • ‘Among the English classics will be steak and kidney pudding, lamb chump chops, topside of beef, bangers and mash, and fish, chips and peas.’
    • ‘And the pork chop has both a studding of sage and an artichoke confit to thank for its holiday-dinner aroma.’
    • ‘In today's society we go to the market to pick up steaks, pork chops, bacon, and other meat products, and we normally don't think twice about it.’
    • ‘We'll have lamb chops, or a steak with mashed potato.’
    • ‘In the past two weeks I have barbecued skinny lamb chops marinated in spicy harissa, Greek sausages, calamari and some beautiful little sardines.’
    • ‘Veal chops and tuna and pork tenderloin are wonderfully grilled but shortchanged of their distinctive spices.’
    • ‘The restaurant serves a range of culinary treats and the head chef lists fillet steak, veal chops and seabass among his specialities.’
    • ‘There are four main portions cut from the pig carcass that qualify as pork chops: center cut chops, rib chops, blade chops, and pork sirloin chops.’
  • 3NZ Australian informal A person's share of something.

  • 4North American mass noun Crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.

    ‘the pile of chop was dropped into the calves' feeder’
    • ‘At least 30 peer-reviewed studies from grain, silage and green chop were analyzed.’
    • ‘Cut high to leave lower stalks in the field and never allow green chop to heat in the wagon or feed bunk.’
    • ‘To adjust price back to green chop, account for losses during storage.’
  • 5in singular The broken motion of water, owing to the action of the wind against the tide.

    ‘we started our run into a two-foot chop’
    • ‘This is nearly twice the power usually found on boats this size and provides lots of power for punching through chop and motoring against foul winds and currents.’
    • ‘Once a week, sometimes twice, without any apparent reason, the wind changes to the west in the Gulf, and brings western waves during the afternoon that cause a small chop but no roll.’
    • ‘The tide had perceptibly slackened and the surface of the sea settled from a small chop to an oily slick in which virtually every subsurface movement for yards around the boat could be seen though our polarised sunglasses.’
    • ‘The wind is blowing fresh out of the east, funneling up the river, and the tide is ebbing hard, setting up a steep chop.’
    • ‘From belowdecks the heartbeat picked up and darker smoke pumped from the smokestack as the engines were throttled up, the bow cutting through a light chop and sending a mist of icy spray across the deck.’
    • ‘While there may be a bit of chop on the water - rising costs being a growing fan complaint - overall the NASCAR ship is sailing on smooth seas.’
    • ‘A gale had come up, turning the surface of the sea to whitecapped, agitated chop.’
    • ‘In the morning the rain had stopped but the skies were dark and dirty, and the sea full of chop.’
    • ‘The bulbous bow does bounce in small chop, but the clever design makes the Sitka feel as stable as a boat two inches wider.’
    • ‘Sun angle, wind chop and experience all are factors, as are these fishes' abilities to make themselves invisible.’
    • ‘A westerly gale had hit the area earlier in the evening, and there was a severe chop in the harbor.’
    • ‘The sea was lathering into a whitecapped chop and the wind was piping up.’
    • ‘I told the technical advisor: five-foot chop does not contribute to quality surf.’
    • ‘Some are more suited to the heavy chop of open water.’
    • ‘The boat can be a bit tricky to handle in a following sea in part because the fine entry that makes her superb in a chop acts against her in a following sea.’
    • ‘There's a bit of a wind blowing, and Lough Derg has a respectable chop on its waters.’

Phrases

  • the chop

    • 1informal Dismissal from employment.

      ‘hundreds more workers have been given the chop’
      • ‘During a company downsizing, the first employees to get the chop are older people.’
      • ‘That means around one in seven of the firm's global workforce of 138,000 face the chop in addition to 5,000 redundancies the firm has made over the past year.’
      • ‘An announcement about exactly how many employees face the chop is expected within the next two weeks or so.’
      • ‘The board has, however, held out on implementing the redundancy of the three employees yet to receive the chop and is awaiting the proposed intervention by the Labour Minister.’
      • ‘No such luck, however, for the 20 or so staff who await the chop.’
      • ‘The bookmakers have already placed him among the likeliest candidates to get the chop.’
      • ‘I think if he can avoid the chop once or twice more he will come out having done a respectable job.’
      • ‘There had been speculation that the First Minister would use the Liberal reshuffle to reorder his own group, with the communities minister thought most likely to face the chop.’
      • ‘A third of the work force, 163 men, have also been told they could face the chop at the colliery in Rotherham.’
      • ‘He said he was shocked that bosses at The Grouse, where he started working in February, had given him the chop.’
      notice, one's marching orders
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Cancellation or abolition.
        ‘all these projects are destined for the chop’
        • ‘Yesterday, more than 20 pensioners took to the street to protest against the planned closure of the Oxford Road branch one of three poised for the chop.’
        • ‘Medical staff at the surgery now claim they are worried that the ECG heart monitoring unit, the minor surgery unit and monitoring of blood samples face the chop.’
        • ‘Colchester MP Bob Russell is demanding to know if more of the town's post offices are destined for the chop.’
        • ‘People have raised concerns about losing the town's library as it is housed in the same building as the Neighbourhood Office - one of the facilities set for the chop.’
        • ‘Nearly 900 parking spaces in Colchester town centre have been earmarked for the chop - if the town gets a proper park-and-ride scheme’
        • ‘Alex Martin, of Gorse Hill, and Sarah Newman, of Old Town, say they are appalled that Malmesbury's small midwife-led maternity unit faces the chop.’
        • ‘The retailer is looking seriously at the sub post offices in its stores around the country and it has already identified several as candidates for the chop.’
        • ‘Council chiefs have moved to allay the worries of villagers who feared their lifeline bus services might be for the chop when they ‘dropped off’ a route map.’
        • ‘Last summer's scheme, called Activate, was immensely popular but Kennet will save £17, 650 by giving it the chop next summer.’
        • ‘Increases in paid and unpaid maternity leave face the chop, paternity leave could also go, and time off for parents who adopt would also be under threat.’
        notice, one's marching orders
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2The action of killing someone or the fact of being killed.
        ‘seven men we all knew had got the chop’
        • ‘Each year, around 10 million turkeys are slaughtered for the Christmas table and millions of pigs, ducks and geese will get the chop, too.’
        • ‘The pigs caught the hearts and imagination of the nation when they spent almost two weeks on the run after escaping the chop at Newman's abattoir.’
        • ‘The fight to save a half-mile stretch of trees lining the West Coast main line in Kendal has been lost after Network Rail reversed its decision to spare them from the chop in the wake of recent gales.’
        • ‘The fungal disease hit the headlines in July and has now infected 160 trees - 27 in the Memorial Park have been felled and 33 face the chop.’
        • ‘The environment is not the sole domain of the Green Party, and over the period of my involvement with the city council, many councillors have raised issues and protected trees threatened with the chop.’
        • ‘In November she got a criminal record after her pet pit bull gored a child (the dog escaped the chop thanks to her top-dollar brief).’
        • ‘The council says trees due for the chop are either in poor health, too close to other trees or need to be removed to allow for the reinstatement of lost features.’
        • ‘With a fixed grin on his face he drew his finger across his throat and pointed at the journalists below - a bizarre gesture with which he seemed to suggest it was not him, but the media who were somehow facing the chop.’
        • ‘In a daring attempt to escape the chop, four battery hens and a cockerel fled from the back of a lorry taking them to an abattoir.’
  • chop logic

    • Argue in a tiresomely pedantic way; quibble.

      • ‘The Navy approach comes across as theoretical because it uses a textbook approach based on ‘chop logic’ and is not utilitarian.’
      • ‘Does not this beautiful piece of chop logic rely on a false equivalence between hunting to eat and looking for sexual gratification?’
      • ‘Instead, they talk, chopping logic, competing with Alice and each other, and often mentioning things ‘natural’ animals might be imagined to talk about, like fear, death, and being eaten.’

Origin

Late Middle English: variant of chap.

Pronunciation

chop

/tʃɒp/

Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop2

verb

in phrase chop and change
British
informal
  • Change one's opinions or behaviour repeatedly and abruptly.

    ‘teachers are fed up with having to chop and change with every twist in government policy’
    • ‘So how come we let the people who lead the country chop and change every few years?’
    • ‘We have a lot of games over Christmas and the boss is going to chop and change the side.’
    • ‘So we've had to chop and change goalkeepers, although it still feels as if there is something of a curse.’
    • ‘There are a number of good quality players at the club and this tempted Keegan to chop and change too much.’
    • ‘During the day I'll usually snack on a biscuit or some chocolate at some point - but I'm not fussy which kind - I chop and change according to mood and availability.’
    • ‘Once again I am experiencing a mixture of feelings, which chop and change from one moment to the next.’
    • ‘Given the general performance of the selection panel of the time, it is more tempting to think that, if you chop and change often enough, sooner or later the right bloke must be there at the right time.’
    • ‘There isn't a single person I wouldn't like to meet again, and I guess not a lot of people can say that about their jobs - especially not someone who works in an industry where people chop and change so often.’
    • ‘However, Gomez has the ability to chop and change between three vocalists, often using all three at the same time to create a wall of warm melody.’
    • ‘But if you're a person of principle the decision about which party to support becomes confusing as times change and parties chop and change their policies.’
    • ‘Songs start and stop perfectly, sometimes several times; time signatures chop and change and not a single beat is missed.’
    • ‘You have to have the ability to chop and change.’
    • ‘If we find we need certain skills that we don't have at the moment, then heads may roll, although we don't want to chop and change all the time.’
    • ‘Injuries have meant that we've had to chop and change, so it has been difficult to stay fresh.’
    • ‘From my own perspective, I think the Australians are reaching a situation where they can chop and change the team, and I reckon that there will be an overhaul once the World Cup is over.’
    • ‘Dimensions chop and change, and an almost magical dexterity keeps the viewer captivated and concentrating.’
    • ‘They are not afraid to chop and change film techniques, split screens, or switch between documentary, illustration and drama.’
    • ‘They chop and change, depending on which way the stock-market wind is blowing at the time.’
    • ‘We want to provide stability in the batting order so we don't want to chop and change.’
    • ‘They tend to give players opportunities and a run in the first team whereas others, and I am not being unkind, would chop and change.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘barter, exchange’): perhaps related to Old English cēap ‘bargaining, trade’; compare with chap- in chapman.

Pronunciation

chop

/tʃɒp/

Main definitions of chop in English

: chop1chop2chop3

chop3

noun

archaic
  • A trademark; a brand of goods.

Phrases

  • not much chop

    • informal Unsatisfactory.

      ‘that veranda's not much chop in bad weather’
      • ‘I can orienteer but am not much chop with a compass, I can't do rope work and I don't love my mountain bike, in fact I have only been on it 6 times.’
      • ‘Like many country people, he refers to distance in miles, and confesses he's not much chop in the kitchen.’
      • ‘I agree with you though that the link pages it generates automatically are not much chop and do tend to look like link farms.’
      • ‘The standard harness for the headlamps is not much chop.’
      • ‘The breakfast was not much chop but for the price of the rooms we did not expect a great deal.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from Hindi chāp ‘stamp, brand’ (see chaap).

Pronunciation

chop

/tʃɒp/