Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1Bad-tempered or irritable:‘he was a choleric, self-important little man’
bad-tempered, irascible, irritable, grumpy, grouchy, crotchety, tetchy, testy, crusty, cantankerous, curmudgeonly, ill-tempered, ill-natured, ill-humoured, peevish, cross, fractious, disagreeable, pettish, crabbed, crabby, waspish, prickly, peppery, touchy, scratchy, splenetic, shrewish, short-tempered, hot-tempered, quick-tempered, dyspeptic, bilious, liverish, cross-grainedargumentative, quarrelsome, uncooperative, contrary, perverse, difficult, awkwardsnappish, snappy, chippy, short-fusedshirty, stroppy, narky, ratty, eggy, like a bear with a sore headcranky, ornery, peckish, soreheadedsnakywaxy, miffyView synonyms
- ‘In Churchill's darkest hour, the future PM is reduced to a choleric, drunken, melancholic old man, reviled and mocked as a warmonger by the Establishment and the British public alike.’
- ‘While Ralph was the choleric loser, Ed was the lucky buffoon.’
- ‘The negative side came about largely through his personality which is described as ‘occasionally choleric, quarrelsome, and given to invectives.’’
- ‘Even Maureen, who generally treats her choleric partner with girlish forbearance, at one point asks: ‘Why do you always shout like that, Rolf?’’
- ‘Indeed, the political system accommodated the interests and choleric attitudes of both men with little difficulty.’
- 1.1 (in medieval medicine) having choler as the predominant bodily humour:‘a choleric disposition’
- ‘Imbalance of the humours resulted in various temperaments, thus the dominance of black bile causes melancholy; blood, sanguine temperament; phlegm, a phlegmatic temperament; or yellow bile, a choleric temperament.’
- ‘Rather, he is choleric in temperament: he is passionate, intemperate, and prone to rashness and anger.’
- ‘The sanguine humour is the principal humour of the blood which embodies the other three humours: the choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic within it.’
- ‘‘Adding fuel to the fire’ is Culpeper's way of saying that the herb strengthens the choleric humour associated with fever.’
- ‘As a choleric sign it is prone to fevers and is linked to yellow-jaundice and sore eyes.’
Middle English (in the sense ‘bilious’): from Old French cholerique, via Latin from Greek kholerikos, from kholera (see choler).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.