Main definitions of choke in English

: choke1choke2

choke1

verb

  • 1[no object] (of a person or animal) have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air.

    ‘Willie choked on a mouthful of tea’
    • ‘Alex's voice got stuck in her throat and she nearly choked on nothing.’
    • ‘She nearly choked on the sob welling up in her throat and felt the tears brimming in her eyes.’
    • ‘The word caught in my throat, and I nearly choked on it.’
    • ‘My friend's grandmother choked to death on a coconut bun.’
    • ‘But, just hours after she left, Wainwright called emergency services in a panic, saying Joshua had choked on his own vomit and had stopped breathing.’
    • ‘She woke, and as the cry died in her throat, she almost choked on it.’
    • ‘A WOMAN choked to death in front of her horrified husband after a mouthful of Indian curry ‘went down the wrong way’, an inquest heard.’
    • ‘I drunkenly choked on the beer I was drinking at the time and felt suddenly sexually unsure about not only men in general but women in general as well.’
    • ‘Dima smiled and grabbed Coral by his shirt collar, dragging so close to her that he almost choked on her rancid breath.’
    • ‘And the mother of the bride almost choked on her salmon sandwich.’
    • ‘Fire brigade spokesman Laurent Vibert said the four victims choked to death on the fumes of the fire as they tried to escape from their rooms to the roof of the hotel.’
    • ‘He nearly choked on the toast that he was shoving down his throat, he was so nervous.’
    • ‘He whirled her around, his face barely inches from hers; Liz nearly choked on his horrid breath, which reeked of tobacco and alcohol.’
    • ‘I almost choked on my coffee (or I would have done, if I was a coffee drinker).’
    • ‘I nearly choked on my shock, the meaning of that song taking on proportions I hadn't fathomed.’
    • ‘Despite yo-yo balls being examined and passing British safety standards, there have been a number of recent incidents where children have almost choked to death.’
    • ‘My heart leapt into my throat and I practically choked on it.’
    • ‘I almost choked on the tandoori chicken, then proceeded to finish it off in haste and headed to the Hostel 9 common room.’
    • ‘When I read this I almost choked on my bacon and egg pizza.’
    • ‘But my parents used to run a restaurant and when I was a very small child one of their customers choked on a fish bone.’
    gag, retch, cough, struggle for air, fight for breath, gasp
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object]Cause (a person or animal) to choke.
      ‘the toys contained parts that could choke a very young child’
      • ‘However, after about an hour, a calf was choked to death due to an accident in feeding her milk.’
      • ‘The riders crouched on the backs of the horses and the bandannas prevented the kicked - up dust from choking the brothers.’
      • ‘His breath stank so bad of Jack Daniels that it was choking me.’
      • ‘But it is perfectly humane, especially if you fall into the category of those who can't stop choking their dogs with the choke-chain collar.’
      • ‘I could hardly breathe, and every breath was choking me.’
      • ‘I would wake up fighting and trying to prevent someone from choking me.’
      • ‘They were stunned; they'd never thought their precious boy could harm a fly, let alone choke another person.’
      • ‘Even as I tried to dodge thunder exploded in my face, burning pain and another hammer and dirt and dust was choking me while I gasped for a breath that wouldn't come.’
      • ‘The air was knocked out of him and as his father began choking him, Dante struggled to breath and get his father off of him at the same time.’
      • ‘Between the three they managed to choke Snake enough that he quit moving.’
      • ‘It has entered my bloodstream and is systematically choking me to death.’
      • ‘Her milk was flowing straight into her baby's lungs, turning him blue and choking him as he fought to breathe.’
      • ‘Hercules killed the animal by choking it with his bare hands and thereafter wore its skin.’
      • ‘The two scuffled, falling to the ground, and the officer was overpowered by the suspect who began choking him from behind.’
      • ‘When she'd come home from California in tears, he'd nearly flown out there to choke the person responsible with his bare hands.’
      • ‘The dog snapped its jaws open and closed inches from Rae's face and he could smell the animal's fetid breath, choking him, causing him to gag.’
      • ‘Sometimes referred to as a chain or choke chain collar, if used properly it should never choke your dog.’
      • ‘Smoke entered her lungs with every breath she took, choking her and blinding her further as it caused tears to form in her eyes.’
      • ‘Then three officers carried me to a van, choking me on the way so that I couldn't breathe, much less yell.’
      • ‘The tilapia's numerous small bones can choke its predators, even the egret, which can swallow all other fish.’
    2. 1.2[with object]Swallow something with difficulty.
      ‘I attempted to choke down supper’
    3. 1.3[with object]Prevent (a plant) from growing by depriving it of light, air, or nourishment.
      ‘the bracken will choke the wild gladiolus’
      • ‘Over a decade later, Schmid's film makes clear that for the vast majority of Germans weeds in the garden have long since choked any budding flowers.’
      • ‘In most of the urban areas, the avenue trees are choked to death as the tree base is completely covered by concrete slabs, leaving little space for aeration.’
      • ‘Some seed fell among weeds, and the weeds grew up and choked it.’
      • ‘Let us tend to our gardens with diligence, and keeping the weeds from choking the plants!’
      • ‘To keep plants from being choked, you often have to adjust ties as they grow.’
      • ‘Could you suggest a strategy for choking the weeds and getting the field to a pure stand of timothy or a mixture good for horses?’
      • ‘The increased growth of woody vines could dramatically alter future forests - for instance, by choking new tree growth.’
      • ‘Back home in England he grew a garden of weeds and saw which weeds choked others and counted population changes amongst weeds.’
      • ‘In a SAC area if a farmer wishes to kill off the ivy that is choking his trees or menacing his buildings, he is not free to do so.’
      • ‘She wants me to help her prune the rose bushes, dig out the carpet grass that is choking them.’
      • ‘‘We knew the immature trees would not survive as they would be choked by the thick growth of weeds and grass in the area,’ Mr Gell said.’
    4. 1.4[with object]Prevent or inhibit the occurrence or development of.
      ‘higher rates of interest choke off investment demand’
      • ‘The true oppressor which chokes our potential for growth is the ego.’
      • ‘This is the performance of an economy where business investment and growth have been choked by ever increasing regulation and where interest rates have had to be raised in response to a house price bubble.’
      • ‘That, in turn, could mean still-higher interest rates, which could choke off growth.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, more of us should know that approaching a problem systematically and logically is not a weed that chokes creativity.’
      • ‘The Fed must be careful in raising interest rates for the very simple reason that by moving too quickly, it can choke off growth.’
      • ‘Likewise, there could a pressure on inflation if oil prices continue to spurt in the global market, which in turn would choke the growth prospects.’
      • ‘It is literally choking our economic growth in this now $12 trillion economy.’
      • ‘High taxes choke off growth, but so do high deficits.’
      • ‘Another commonly held belief among members of the analyst community is that high oil prices will choke off economic growth.’
      • ‘The present growth of knowledge will choke itself off until we get different tools.’
      • ‘The noxious weed of clericalism has choked the development of a people's church.’
      • ‘Treasury is telling him that if the rate of increase in the public sector continues, it has the potential to choke off economic growth.’
      • ‘‘This will no doubt become a factor choking the future development of the local real estate market,’ Hua said.’
      • ‘Apart from choking growth in Germany, this increase had the unwelcome consequence of launching the euro at an inappropriately high level.’
      • ‘It is changing the lives and futures of more than 3,000 young New Zealanders, and filling the skills gaps that threaten to choke economic growth.’
      • ‘Many existing small businesses were choked out by the kudzulike growth of the new economy.’
      • ‘The question now is whether rising rates will cool down the hotter parts of the economy without choking off general growth.’
      • ‘Though moderate income inequality may help sustain economic growth, drastic income inequality can choke it off.’
      • ‘By raising prices at this crucial point, OPEC could be choking off the economic growth needed to keep demand robust.’
    5. 1.5informal [no object](in sports) fail to perform at a crucial point of a game or contest as a result of nervousness.
      ‘we were the only team not to choke when it came to the crunch’
      • ‘I couldn't root for the Giants there, but I was happy to see him shed his lingering reputation for postseason choking.’
      • ‘When they choke, most athletes prefer that no one notices, that the world sees it as a defeat unbesmirched by an inner surrender.’
      • ‘In fact, he was at a speaking engagement once, and someone asked him about our games, and he said, ‘Joe's a good player, but he chokes.’’
      • ‘Mundy, however, had choked when the title was agonisingly close… on the 18th hole.’
      • ‘The common thinking is Bonds will hit his 65th homer, watch in horror as the media arrive by the hundreds and choke and fall short of 70.’
      • ‘When it came time for Phil to really coach and tame the egos of Shaq and Kobe, he choked.’
      • ‘Common wisdom had it that the table-topping Rhinos would once again choke on the big occasion.’
      • ‘The Eagles are another team I predicted would choke, and they haven't thus far.’
      • ‘For years, Olson presided over talented teams that were notorious for choking in big games.’
      • ‘Federer got away in the end after Nadal choked, but the latter will be richer for the experience.’
      • ‘If the champs choked in Pittsburgh, it would be the end of their 1912 championship bid.’
      • ‘There was about ten minutes to go at Prenton and I went through one-on-one with the keeper and basically I choked.’
      • ‘After the miss, someone asked Murphy if Price choked.’
      • ‘The best and worst matches, the finest players, the stars who choked… and the man who played without a putter.’
      • ‘It's hard to say this, but just at the time we hoped you would shine under the bright lights of NBC, ESPN, and ABC, you choked.’
      • ‘And Paul dismissed talk of the Rhinos being doomed to choke.’
      • ‘What they must do now is shut out the voices accusing them of choking in this tournament and realise that the past month has demonstrated strength, not weakness.’
      • ‘It is beyond doubt that Ganguly's boys have, more often than not, choked in the final, what with their famed batting line-up coming to nought when it comes to the crunch.’
      • ‘The Raiders and Eagles, the so-called favorites because of their top seedings, will choke.’
  • 2[with object] Fill (a space) so as to make movement difficult or impossible.

    ‘the roads were choked with traffic’
    • ‘The town is choked with traffic and people cannot effectively run their businesses.’
    • ‘The roads are choked with traffic, including enormous trucks transporting goods.’
    • ‘Roads into the village were choked with traffic heading for the ever-popular event, which lined The Borough from end to end.’
    • ‘Weeds choked the ground, as a light snow began to fall.’
    • ‘The mountains of litter choking the city confirm that not all is well with the local authority in as far as improving the status is concerned.’
    • ‘Litter cluttered the landscape, and vegetation choked the trails.’
    • ‘Every green space is choked with discarded cans of Coors Light, wads of toilet paper, Frito-Lay bags.’
    • ‘The banks were choked with willow and tamarisk, which I occasionally had to crawl under on my belly.’
    • ‘The back room was choked with old carpets, old clothes, mould, mushrooms and unfamiliar smells.’
    • ‘A sunken garden to the west of the house was choked with untrimmed plants, its sunken pool brown and stagnant.’
    • ‘The town is choked with traffic daily and the situation on the Northern bank holiday weekend really put the tin hat on things.’
    • ‘The town's roads are choked with traffic, leading to frequent jams during the busy tourist season.’
    • ‘The path had been so choked with weeds it was virtually impassable.’
    • ‘A factory worker's family spent a quiet evening at home, all dressed up, in a parlour choked with ornamental plants, under a great silk lampshade.’
    • ‘‘The area is already choked with traffic but there is no solution to that in these plans,’ said Mr. Mayling.’
    • ‘The landscape is choked with impenetrable forests of enormous trees and dense, green foliage.’
    • ‘‘Think of a shallow stream choked with plants, not of an open sea,’ he said.’
    • ‘Now small seedlings grew everywhere about the yard and weeds choked the gardens.’
    • ‘Aquatic plants grow faster than anything else, and most types will soon choke your pool.’
    • ‘Go often to the house of a friend, for weeds choke the unused path.’
    bung up, block, obstruct, stop up, silt up, plug, dam up
    View synonyms
  • 3[with object] Make (someone) speechless with a strong feeling or emotion.

    ‘he was choked with fury’
    • ‘People were choked with emotion from the start; they had come back to the spot where they had seen brothers, sisters, parents and friends die.’
    • ‘At the funeral mass all his young friends were choked with emotion as all the beautiful tributes were read out.’
    • ‘Talking about her daughter, Marion is clearly choked with emotion but she praises the family, friends and neighbours who have done their best to keep her going since the accident in March.’
    • ‘In an emotionally choked voice, Mr. Bilheimer said half the people who figured in the film were already dead.’
    • ‘The story is told without frills and if you find yourself choking with emotion practically all the way through, it doesn't feel faked.’
    • ‘His bushy brow furrowing, Zethus peered after them speechlessly, choked by his disbelief.’
    • ‘When she spoke again, her voice was choked with emotion and unshed tears.’
    • ‘The unmistakable, overwhelming miasma of emotion that choked him and even threatened to stifle Rena too… it was guilt.’
    • ‘I got out of the room before the thickness of my own emotion and attitude could choke me.’
    • ‘The words choked me and I was lost in a frenzy of emotions.’
    • ‘The veterans are composed and professional in the fierce heat, but Simon's voice is choked with emotion.’
    • ‘She was staring at the sign, and a flood of emotion choked her so that she could barely breathe.’
    • ‘He knows when to make me cry, when that lump in my throat is choking me and I am unable to release my emotions.’
    • ‘But there were tears in my eyes and I couldn't finish it because I got so emotionally choked, and I just had to sit down.’
    1. 3.1Cause (someone) to feel tearful or extremely upset.
      ‘I was so choked up I started crying and couldn't sing any more’
      [no object] ‘I just choked up reading it’
      • ‘When I returned to class I was so overwhelmed at their thoughtfulness I choked up for the first time in front of my students and couldn't speak.’
      • ‘His delivery was choppy, halting now and then, as if he were choking up, on the verge of tears.’
      • ‘I still get choked up listening to it and it's been, like, seven years.’
      • ‘I couldn't call any more of them to say thanks, being a bit choked up.’
      • ‘I find that I can field strip a deer without remorse yet I still get choked up when I watch ‘Bambi.’’
      • ‘He was obviously choked up and didn't know what to do about it, being of that age when men didn't cry.’
      • ‘He choked up while describing a little boy who had been deceived by a charlatan faith healer.’
      • ‘He gave a warm, wonderful eulogy for Aunt Jo and choked up enough a couple of times that he had to stop and gather himself.’
      • ‘It's the only wedding I've been to (out of a medium-two-digit number) where the groom got choked up.’
      • ‘Franken choked up repeatedly as he related the stories involving his father, whom he obviously loved.’
      • ‘He was suddenly choked up with emotion and tears welled in his eyes.’
      • ‘C'mon, I dare you to listen without choking up just a little.’
      • ‘I'll admit I got a little choked up at the part in the end where he said, ‘I just want people to be happy.’’
      • ‘He showed emotion, choking up at times, stopping to take off his glasses and wipe his eyes.’
      • ‘Glick, who had four months left on his three-year hitch, choked up and sniffled when he read a statement asking for mercy.’
      • ‘Two years after losing my best friend to leukemia, I could finally smile at all the memories, instead of choking up.’
      • ‘The show ended up being quite surreal, particularly when after My Coco, the crowd would not stop cheering, seemingly choking up the band and the few longtime fans in the audience.’
      • ‘And you guys have been so generous I get choked up when I think about it.’
      • ‘We're getting all choked up just thinking about it.’
      • ‘It was an overwhelming, mournful piece then when the city was still in shock; yesterday, I found myself choking up repeatedly and involuntarily as I walked around it.’
    2. 3.2Suppress a strong emotion or the expression of such an emotion.
      ‘Liz was choking back her anger’
      • ‘Cici's anger was choked back when she saw his eyes.’
      • ‘He swallows as if choking back some kind of retort, then forces a laugh.’
      • ‘By the end, you are left, like the lady from Flint, choking back tears of pain and fury.’
      • ‘I closed my eyes, choking back the feeling of utter disgust.’
      • ‘Yacob bit his lip in mid-protest, effectively choking back whatever crass words he would have used.’
      • ‘The answer is nothing, but even if there was something to say, it would not have been able to come out of my mouth because I was choking back tears.’
      • ‘I could hear him on the other line, choking back his tears.’
      • ‘His voice sounded shaky, like he was choking back tears, but once he caught his bearings, he pressed his palm softly to my hair and bent to kiss my cheek.’
      • ‘I explained everything that happened while choking back the tears.’
      • ‘Check the link and you'll see a picture of the ol Sar'major choking back a couple tears.’
      • ‘I spit out the last bit of toothpaste in my mouth, choking back more tears.’
      • ‘Love wasn't supposed to be this hard, she thought, choking back a sob.’
      • ‘I was having trouble choking back the hysterical screams that wanted to arise from my throat, as well.’
      • ‘Violet rushed over, choking back a scream of instinctive terror.’
      • ‘Daphne was choking back the urge to start sobbing uncontrollably.’
      • ‘For the first time she had to choke back emotion, tears forming around her eyes.’
      • ‘She frowned, choking back her spilling tears in disbelief.’
      • ‘With a quick burst of theatrical grace she pushed past Kelley and ran back upstairs, choking back the ‘tears’.’
      • ‘After climbing down the ladder, I stood standing in the tunnel choking back my tears.’
      • ‘She hugged her knees to her chest, choking back her sobs.’
  • 4[with object] Enrich the fuel mixture in (a petrol engine) by reducing the intake of air.

    ‘carbon monoxide results during a cold start, when an engine is choked’

noun

  • 1A valve in the carburettor of a petrol engine that is used to reduce the amount of air in the fuel mixture when the engine is started.

    ‘an automatic choke’
    [mass noun] ‘too much choke does not help’
    • ‘If the vehicle sees cold, hot, wet, and dry duty as well as on-track action, the carb should have a choke and vacuum secondaries.’
    • ‘They are used in a wide variety of applications, including throttle cables, emergency brakes, chokes and air intakes.’
    • ‘TKS uses a redesigned carburetor with an automatic fuel enrichment system instead of a traditional choke.’
    • ‘It can't be the choke, as it doesn't rev that high when it's out fully.’
    • ‘A special wrench quickly screws the chokes in and out.’
    1. 1.1A knob which controls the choke in a carburettor.
      ‘he pulled the choke out to its full extent’
      • ‘They would opt to have their vehicles maintained and repaired, resulting in an increased demand for spare parts including tires, batteries, and chokes.’
      • ‘Indeed, even if you drove an old Mini everywhere in first gear with the choke full out and the handbrake on, you barely saw the inside of a petrol station from one year to the next.’
      • ‘The motorist is advised to use the choke briefly only when absolutely necessary.’
      • ‘Anyway, so I do other stuff, and then leave the house at the time I supposed to be there, after cursing the person who moved my car but stopped the engine with the choke out.’
      • ‘I'd rather have a manual choke than an automatic choke, though.’
  • 2A narrowed part of a shotgun bore near the muzzle, serving to restrict the spread of the shot.

    ‘many guns may not have the right choke’
    ‘a full choke gun’
    • ‘Because hard steel shot lacks the easy flowing characteristics of lead shot through forcing cones and tight chokes, older guns could not handle it without some damage to their barrels.’
    • ‘The idea was that the game would be further out for the second or third shot and a tighter choke would be advantageous.’
    • ‘The tight choke should provide good shots out to 50 yards.’
    • ‘When you're buying a used shotgun or a shotgun without removable chokes, don't believe the choke designation on any barrel until it has been measured with a bore gauge.’
    • ‘For most 12-gauges shooting lead shot, turkey chokes have IDs of.665 -.640.’
  • 3An inductance coil used to smooth the variations of an alternating current or to alter its phase.

    • ‘Mobile phones, computers, electronic chokes and a model helicopter are some of the things that will be dismantled and assembled for the children.’
    • ‘The HX1148 module features a centre-tapped inductor on the transmit channel for the most EMI-sensitive applications, while the HX1178 has both chokes on the media side.’
    • ‘They are widely used in transformers for the electrical power industry and for transformers, chokes, and other components in the electronics industry.’
  • 4An act or the sound of a person or animal having difficulty in breathing.

    ‘a little choke of laughter’
    • ‘Brianna suppressed a choke of laughter as the two boys stumbled into the room and hastily shut the door.’
    • ‘He laughed softly, the sound more like a choke than a pleasurable noise.’
    • ‘But her tears were not escorted with chokes or quick breaths, like before.’
    • ‘His breath was disconnected into sudden gasps and chokes.’
    • ‘Chelsea gave a choke of laughter, almost tripping in the process.’
    • ‘The light shone over the man's features, and Connolly breathed a horrible choke.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old English ācēocian (verb), from cēoce (see cheek).

Pronunciation:

choke

/tʃəʊk/

Main definitions of choke in English

: choke1choke2

choke2

noun

  • The inedible mass of silky fibres at the centre of a globe artichoke.

    • ‘With a sharp silver teaspoon scrape out the choke, which would later have become the beautiful purple flower if left on the bush.’
    • ‘Beat the artichokes gently with your hand so that they open just enough for you to see if there is any choke.’
    • ‘Cut the artichokes in half and remove the hairy inner choke and any hard leaves, leaving only the tender base.’

Origin

Late 17th century: probably a confusion of the ending of artichoke with choke.

Pronunciation:

choke

/tʃəʊk/