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[mass noun] A dark green mineral consisting of a basic hydrated aluminosilicate of magnesium and iron. It occurs as a constituent of many rocks, typically forming flat crystals resembling mica.
- ‘Secondary titanite, chlorite, white mica and pyrrhotite are abundant, and some samples contain metamorphic biotite.’
- ‘As the temperature of these solutions fell below 300 [degrees] C, clay minerals and chlorite were the first minerals to crystallize.’
- ‘No metamorphic mineral growth, besides chlorite and white mica growth and quartz recrystallization, is found within the matrix of the melange, precluding burial to significant depths.’
- ‘These planes, referred to as slaty cleavage, are caused by the rearrangement of minerals such as mica, chlorite, and clay within the rock.’
- ‘The clay minerals illite, chlorite and montmorillonite were identified within the palaeosols by X-ray diffraction.’
Late 18th century: via Latin from Greek khlōritis, a green precious stone.
A salt of chlorous acid, containing the anion ClO2−.
- ‘Sodium chlorite, hypochlorite, perborate, and peroxide are used to bleach paper, cotton, and rayon.’
- ‘Thus, perchlorate ion is a stronger oxidant than chlorate ion, followed by chlorite ion and hypochlorite ion.’
- ‘Furthermore, GAC filtration has been reported to efficiently remove chlorites.’
Mid 19th century: from chlorine + -ite.
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