Definition of chiton in English:



  • 1A long woollen tunic worn in ancient Greece.

    • ‘Carelessly, I stripped myself of my chiton and my sandals.’
    • ‘In one hand Liberty brandishes the tricolour and in the other she holds a flintlock, but otherwise she is in the classical costume of a goddess of victory, and her lemony chiton has slipped off both shoulders.’
    • ‘I held her tight as she soaked my chiton with her tears.’
    • ‘Over the chiton, if you could afford it, a woollen cloak was worn, made from an oblong piece of cloth, usually simply draped around the body, sometimes pinned on one side.’
    • ‘With each one I made, they were better and better until even Kratos asked me to make him his chitons for him.’
    • ‘Her chiton, the traditional Greek clothing, made from thin white linen that was stained various shades of brown from her work, was wrapped round the her, with the excess material folded over the top.’
    • ‘In a Greek chiton, Duncan was famous for dancing barefoot.’
    • ‘Grumbling, I washed from the basin and pulled on my chiton.’
    • ‘Isidore's face was pale and he quickly recovered, dusting his chiton.’
    • ‘But Philadelphos tugged at my chiton until I shifted my attention back to entertaining him.’
    • ‘To begin the day the class dressed in their chitons and prepared for an Olympics.’
    • ‘Clutching the chiton tight around myself, I ran to the courtyard and I almost wept when I saw everyone there.’
    • ‘Pupils recreated an Olympic stadium and dressed up in toga-like costumes, which are known as chitons in Greek, or armour made out of cardboard.’
    • ‘Last Friday they celebrated all things Greek, dressing up in chitons, the traditional clothing, performing a fashion show and trying new foods, such as olives, honey cakes and feta cheese.’
    • ‘She is dressed in nothing more than a chiton, unlike Juno, who wears a himation over hers.’
    • ‘I pulled on a chiton and wrapped a himation around me since the day was cool.’
    • ‘Both Isidore and Feodor were clad in simple chitons that showed off their large, muscular arms.’
    • ‘Hades was dressed in some sort of long black himation while his wife wore a white chiton.’
    • ‘Sagira straightened her chiton, which had begun to slip off her shoulders, and leaned against the balcony railing casually, staring out at the ocean.’
    • ‘I slowly walked up to my mother and tugged gently on her chiton.’
  • 2A marine mollusc that has an oval flattened body with a shell of overlapping plates.

    Also called coat-of-mail shell
    • ‘A chiton has eight overlapping shell plates, and can, if dislodged, roll into a rough ball with its plates on the exterior.’
    • ‘Conchiferans are ‘all molluscs except chitons and aplacophorans’ - i.e. snails, cephalopods, etc.’
    • ‘They have an unmodified appearance like that of gastropods, chitons, and cephalopods, and, one may assume, Hecionelloids.’
    • ‘Gibbons is alone in devoting a whole chapter to chitons as food.’
    • ‘We do have pages on the Solenogastres and the worm-like Caudofoveata, as well as the chitons and some early shelled mollusks, the Rostroconchia.’


From Greek khitōn ‘tunic’. chiton (sense 2) is a modern Latin genus name.