Definition of Chinook in English:

Chinook

noun

  • 1A member of an American Indian people originally inhabiting the region around the Columbia River in Oregon.

    • ‘In the language of the native Chinook, ‘mima ‘does refer to death or burial.’’
  • 2[mass noun] The extinct Penutian language of the Chinook.

    • ‘Chinook Jargon is a pidgin based primarily on Chinook and Nuuchanulth that served as a trade language throughout the Pacific Northwest.’
    • ‘Apparently not, because another local citizen served as a translator into Chinook, the trade language of the Puget Sound tribes, and an Indian in turn translated into the local tongue.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Chinook or their language.

    • ‘Even Lewis and Clark, returning through the Cascades in 1806, stopped at a nearly deserted Chinook village where they met an old woman ‘badly marked with the Small Pox’, who remained there still.’

Origin

From Salish tsinúk.

Pronunciation:

Chinook

/tʃɪˈnuːk/

Definition of chinook in English:

chinook

noun

  • 1A warm dry wind which blows down the east side of the Rocky Mountains at the end of winter.

    • ‘A 2000 study published in Neurology found that when warm westerly winds, called the chinook winds, came off the Canadian Rockies, migraines increased in patients.’
    • ‘When the London explosions were announced this morning the chinooks overhead increased - clearly taking Mr Blair and colleagues back to London to assess the situation.’
    • ‘Conversely, if chinook winds weaken or cease, the cold air can move back in from the east, and the temperature will drop just as suddenly.’
    • ‘Along the eastern slopes of the Rockies, the Chinook wind provides a welcome respite from the long winter chill.’
    • ‘Many named winds: chinook, fohn and the berg wind for example, identify this adiabatic condition.’
    • ‘Warm chinook winds from over the mountains to the west created the first open pastures as winter waned.’
    • ‘North America was also subjected to its own chinook winds.’
    • ‘Similar geography produces an excess of positive over negative ions in Canada's chinook winds.’
    • ‘In Alberta, Canada, those complaints revolve around chinooks, the warm winds that sweep the area during winter.’
  • 2A large North Pacific salmon which is an important food fish.

    • ‘But Striped Bass is a predator that may be impeding the recovery of listed species including steelhead trout, chinook salmon, delta smelt and splittail.’
    • ‘Construction timing, geared toward the beginning of 2005, coincides with the birth and early life cycles of sockeye, chinook and coho salmon, steelhead and sea-running cutthroat trout.’
    • ‘Finally things have begun to heat up a bit for the winter chinook fishery as the numbers of fish continued to increase throughout February.’
    • ‘In Butte Creek in California's Central Valley, only 14 spawning spring-run chinooks returned to the creek in 1987.’
    • ‘Facedown in the water, a jolt of fear shot through me the first time I came face-to-face with a chinook, which aimed straight at me before veering sharply away.’
    • ‘Nailing down the differences between sockeye and chinook salmon could take years, however.’
    • ‘Each run of Pacific chinook, coho, sockeye, pink, and chum salmon knows how to survive in a specific spawning stream.’
    • ‘Its year-round fishing was about as good as it gets - until three prime species ended up listed under the Endangered Species Act (coho salmon, chinook salmon and steelhead).’
    • ‘Each fish kept must be noted on the licence and no more than 15 chinooks can be retained from the Strait in a year.’
    • ‘At different times of the year, the Campbell hosts all five species of Pacific salmon: chinook, coho, chum, sockeye, pink - and even the odd Atlantic salmon escaped from a nearby fish farm.’
    • ‘In southern Washington, this monument encompasses the last free-flowing, nontidal stretch of the Columbia River in the United States, where 80 percent of the river's chinook salmon spawn.’
    • ‘In the Sacramento River, juvenile chinook salmon comprised up to 65% of the prey volume in striped bass stomachs sampled.’
    • ‘In early May 1992, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed the Snake River chinook salmon as a threatened species.’
    • ‘The Seymour hatchery raises and releases about 750,000 smolts annually, including pink, chum, coho, chinook salmon, cutthroat trout and steelhead.’
    • ‘To begin with, the orcas' main prey, chinook salmon, are themselves listed as threatened in Puget Sound.’
    • ‘And the parasite is remarkably similar to the ‘rosette agent’ found occasionally in salmon, including chinook salmon, which can also cause mortality.’
    • ‘Here, near where Sacagawea was reunited with her family, Bannocks and Sheepeaters fished the mountain stream for the chinook salmon that filled its waters each summer.’
    • ‘Conservation groups want to preserve one of the best remaining chinook salmon and steelhead runs in the West.’
    • ‘The young snakes prey on recently hatched steelhead trout and chinook salmon and on the tadpoles of yellow-legged frogs.’
    • ‘The plankton blooms began to occur a couple of weeks early, and the chinook promptly disappeared from our usual winter spots.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from attributive use of Chinook.

Pronunciation:

chinook

/tʃɪˈnuːk/