One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The backbone of an animal as it appears in a joint of meat.
- ‘Souse, griskins, blade-bones, thigh-bones, spare-ribs, chines, belly-pieces, cheeks, all coming into use one after the other, and the last of the latter not before the end of about four or five weeks.’
- ‘Preliminary fat thickness was measured perpendicular to the longissimus from the chine bone, at a point three-fourths of the lateral length of the longissimus for each carcass.’
- ‘Don't let your butcher touch those chine or "feather" bones.’
- ‘You'll probably need to special order this roast from the butcher; be sure to ask for the chine bone to be removed.’
- 1.1 A joint of meat containing all or part of the chine.
- ‘In addition to bread the earl and countess received a quart of beer, a quart of wine, half a chine of mutton or a chine of boiled beef.’
- ‘If a chine of beef is a cut of meat containing part of the backbone, as above, then it is a very good cut for a roast, containing at least part of the short-loin, and possibly part of the tenderloin.’
- ‘Verlaine's chine was stuffed with leeks, spring onions, lettuce, raspberry leaves, parsley, thyme and marjoram.’
- ‘To buy a chine, stuffed and cooked, or uncooked and ready for you to stuff, apply to this company.’
2A mountain ridge.
Cut (meat) across or along the backbone.‘he learned how to chine a whole sheep’
- ‘Order a day or two ahead, and ask specifically for a six to eight-chop pork loin from the best end, chined, with the rib bones trimmed as for rack of lamb, and the rind vertically scored.’
- ‘Ask for an aged standing rib roast from the forequarter, trimmed and chined; bring to room temperature before roasting.’
- ‘There was in 16c England a set of verbs for carving kinds of game, fish, and poultry, which included allaying a pheasant, barbing a lobster, chining a salmon, fracting a chicken, sculling a tench, and unbracing a mallard.’
Middle English: from Old French eschine, based on a blend of Latin spina ‘spine’ and a Germanic word meaning ‘narrow piece’, related to shin.
(in the Isle of Wight or Dorset) a deep narrow ravine.
- ‘As the walls of the chines and cliffs of the south coast of the Isle of Wight are so unstable and erode continually, the strata is clearly visible, with 65 million years of geological history clear to see.’
- ‘Many chines still exist in the South Wight and Hampshire.’
Old English cinu ‘cleft, chink’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch keen, also to chink.
The angle where the strakes of the bottom of a boat or ship meet the side.
- ‘The Bertram 31 and its prototype were designed with a remarkable 23-degree angle of deadrise at the transom with three lifting strakes on each side from the keel to the chine.’
- ‘Extrusions of 6061 or 6063 are used for structural and decorative sections, such as keels, chines, gunwales, and spray rails.’
- ‘This semi-displacement hull form is well suited to fishermen and lobstermen who must get their nets and pots onboard without hanging up on the hard chine of planing hulls.’
- ‘The hard chine hull features a transverse step and a transom flap.’
- ‘Still not enough, and now the line is almost straight up and down and I really have to concentrate hard, very aware of the light line and the hard chine of the hull.’
Late Middle English: variant of chime (the original sense).
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