Definition of chiliarch in English:



  • (in ancient Greece) a commander of a thousand men.

    • ‘According to the Ipat'yevskaya Chronicle, both the chiliarch's son and the groom warned Igor of the danger.’
    • ‘This is really the elite of the European powers, kings, chiliarchs, strong men and horses, and those that sit on them.’
    • ‘Being a military tribune, or chiliarch (that is, a commander of a thousand troops), he was illustrious in battle and highly honoured for his courage.’
    • ‘It was also common for chiliarchs and centurions to be dispatched seasonally to supervise bandit-suppression troops stationed in locations in and around the capital.’
    • ‘His post of chiliarch was left unfilled.’
    • ‘And Felix, knowing accurately the things concerning the way, adjourned them, saying, When Lysias the chiliarch is come down I will determine your affair;’
    • ‘Perdiccas, who had held the position of chiliarch (commander of the royal guard) was appointed regent of the Asian part of the empire; Antipater was appointed as strategos of Macedonia.’
    • ‘Each of them was commanded by a chiliarch with his sub - chiliarch and all the relative ranks.’
    • ‘The head of the military government was the general commander and the highest military leaders were the chiliarchs.’
    • ‘In response, imperial military personnel were dispatched: four commanders, chiliarchs, and centurions from the capital were each given 30 skilled cavalry troops to patrol trouble spots around Liangxiang.’
    • ‘With this in view, he sent for his countrymen, the Goths, from their own homes to come to the Roman territories, and appointed his relatives to be tribunes and chiliarchs.’
    • ‘The number three thousand, under three officers makes this sound like the body of hypaspists deserted under their chiliarchs and the archihypaspist, Holkias.’
    • ‘That is why Antipater, imitating the precedent, appointed his son Cassander chiliarch in spite of his youth.’
    • ‘She tried to imagine what the young woman was feeling - the chiliarch's daughter, once revered in society, now overshadowed by an outsider.’
    • ‘At this point, an assistant chiliarch from the military camp arrived on the scene.’


Late 16th century: via late Latin from Greek khiliarkhēs, from khilioi ‘thousand’.