Definition of Chickasaw in English:



  • 1A member of a North American people formerly resident in Mississippi and Alabama, and now in Oklahoma.

    • ‘The earliest descriptions of Mississippi Black Belt prairies comes from the letters of Thomas Nairne who visited the Chickasaw at the northern end of the Black Belt in 1708.’
    • ‘The ‘Five Civilized Tribes,’ the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, resolved to stay where they were, though they eventually ceded most of their land.’
    • ‘Tuscahoma was the name of an Indian town in Oklahoma, and his father was part Indian, three-fourths either Choctaw or Chickasaw.’
    • ‘The archaeological record reveals a dramatic change, one that culminated in the ‘final transformation of the Chickasaws into subsistence farmers with an emphasis on free-range cattle… in the 1790s’.’
    • ‘Wilson was impressed with the acculturation and prosperity of the Chickasaws.’
    • ‘The Chickasaws used fires in their territory to aid in hunting and gathering and perhaps to range cattle and other livestock.’
    • ‘The fort also served as an important supply base and staging area for allied Indians in their 1739-40 campaign against the Chickasaws.’
    • ‘The previously unpublished document describes a territory undergoing European American settlement and documents cultural adaptation and persistence among the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee peoples.’
    • ‘The Creeks were one of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes, along with the Seminoles (who were actually affiliated with the Creek Confederacy until they formed a separate government in 1856), Cherokees, Chickasaws, and Choctaws.’
    • ‘He moved on for several months to live among and preach to the Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw before returning home.’
    • ‘Most Chickasaws settled primarily in three or four towns in the fertile BlackBelt Prairie (approximately 70 km east of Oxford) throughout most of the historic period before cession.’
    • ‘The book's second part provides accounts of the customs and histories of the Catawbas, Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws.’
    • ‘But only the largest tribes - most Creeks, most Choctaws, and the pragmatic Chickasaws, actively opposed and actually removed.’
    • ‘To accomplish this, he must also find a way to remove the southeastern tribes, the Choctaws, Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws, from their homes.’
    • ‘The Creeks complied most fully, but the Chickasaws never honored them.’
    • ‘The same is true with respect to the other four ‘Civilized Tribes ‘- Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks and Seminoles - all of whom had shared the Cherokees' fate by 1840.’
    • ‘Particularly at issue were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole Indians of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida - the so-called Five Civilized Tribes.’
    • ‘Of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes (Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Seminoles, and Cherokees), only the Cherokee, whose language is classified as Iroquoian, speak a non-Muskogean language.’
  • 2mass noun The Muskogean language of the Chickasaw, now all but extinct.

    • ‘In subordinate dependency, the dependent clause may precede or follow the independent clause, as in the Chickasaw example.’
    • ‘Choctaw and Chickasaw, for instance, employ one pair of markers for paratactic constructions, and a different pair/array of markers for adverbial, complement, and relative clauses.’


  • Relating to the Chickasaw or their language.

    • ‘Including roughly two-thirds of present-day northeastern Mississippi and northwestern Alabama, the area was home to the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes well into the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘In the next portion of the narrative Wilson describes his experience in Chickasaw country.’
    • ‘Those that correspond best to the archaeological examples refer specifically to Chickasaw burial treatments for non-chiefly individuals.’
    • ‘Coming to the ring wearing an Indian headdress and famous for his tomahawk chops and Indian-strap matches, McDaniel was actually one-eighteenth Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian.’
    • ‘As president of their church's Woman's Missionary Union, his mother taught Bible lessons and childcare on the local Choctaw and Chickasaw reservation, taking her small son along with her.’
    • ‘Indeed, ranching seemed to have invaded Chickasaw society as the eighteenth century ended.’
    • ‘The Chickasaw language is still so similar to Choctaw, for instance, that linguists surmise that the separation of the two could not have occurred very long ago.’
    • ‘Taking Choctaw conceptions of the world seriously, he utilizes the available Choctaw and Chickasaw language dictionaries to gain insight into the meaning of Choctaw ideas and practices.’


The name in Chickasaw.