Definition of chestnut in English:

chestnut

noun

  • 1A glossy hard brown edible nut which develops within a bristly case and which may be roasted and eaten.

    • ‘Someone could have been selling hot potatoes, roast chestnuts and hot drinks.’
    • ‘Stalls selling hot roast chestnuts, doughnuts and other treats will be set up in the town centre from 11 am, and carol singers will add some extra cheer.’
    • ‘Nowadays, most chestnuts are roasted by machines for convenience, so roasting chestnuts manually has become a dying folk craft.’
    • ‘Some authors have suggested that their flavour and texture are comparable with those of the chestnut or cashew nut.’
    • ‘A roast chestnut crusted salmon circle was perfectly cooked, tasty and fresh.’
    • ‘We have toffee apples, gingerbread men, roast chestnuts and all manner of pumpkin dishes created by Chef.’
    • ‘The town centre market would consist of around ten stands or huts selling roast chestnuts, for example, Cumbrian punch, traditional sausages and pancakes.’
    • ‘There will be hot roasted chestnuts and other nosh from Christmas past, as well as traditional ornament-making.’
    • ‘There will be amusements for children, plus hot food and roasted chestnuts.’
    • ‘We boiled the Christmas pudding in the old copper and we split and roasted chestnuts on the fire.’
    • ‘If chestnuts roasting by an open fire isn't your scene, then an enterprising Yorkshire hotel has the perfect solution.’
    • ‘Dark nights, cold days, scarves and gloves, hot roasted chestnuts (at least, their aroma) and a fresh fall of snow, were all essential ingredients of a perfect Christmas.’
    • ‘Why don't they sell roasted chestnuts anymore, I wonder?’
    • ‘To know if your chestnuts are ready to roast, give them the squeeze test: If there's a slight give between the outer shell and inside nut, it's ready.’
    • ‘And I can't really tell you how it was made, as I spent the entire recipe-making time chopping walnuts and chestnuts, sneaking teeny bits in every now and then.’
    • ‘After the goat, we eat chestnuts roasted on a boxy iron stove.’
    • ‘Almost equally invigorating is a poached chicken, sliced into strips atop a mound of basmati rice but bathed in a potion of tarragon and chestnuts.’
    • ‘Does she dream nostalgically of the crowds and crush of Christmas shopping in Coney Street, or roasting her chestnuts on a three-bar electric fire?’
    • ‘Roast the chestnuts in a moderate oven for about 15 minutes, until the shells burst, then cool and peel.’
    • ‘The couple's winter wedding will feature carol singers and roasted chestnuts, while the bride wants to arrive in a traditional horse and carriage.’
    1. 1.1mass noun A deep reddish-brown colour.
      as modifier ‘chestnut hair’
      • ‘One had beautiful red hair and looked quite boisterous and the other had chestnut coloured hair and she looked serious and sophisticated.’
      • ‘Will had turned around quickly, thinking for sure that he had caught a glimpse of deep chestnut out of the corner of his eye.’
      • ‘Their leader had chestnut colored hair with electric blue eyes that seemed both welcoming and forbidding.’
      • ‘They had the same straight chestnut hair and deep green eyes.’
      • ‘The deep chestnut flanks and sides combined with the male's solid black head, red eye, and black upperparts are distinctive.’
      • ‘Sitting to her left was a young girl about the age of nine, with chestnut brown hair, tan skin, and liquid brown eyes.’
      • ‘With her long silky chestnut hair and a familiar twinkle in her eyes, Vivian had developed into quite an attractive young lady.’
      • ‘She had a sweet smile, and her light olive skin went with deep, chestnut hair.’
      • ‘The one with chestnut hair wore khaki slacks and a black trench coat, while the other, an Asian man, was dressed in all black.’
      • ‘She flung her deep chestnut hair away from her eyes.’
      • ‘He was about as tall as the other man, with shaggy blonde hair and deep chestnut brown eyes.’
      • ‘Her cheeks were pale and veined with dark tear-tracks, her eyes, usually a beautiful deep chestnut, were red and swollen.’
      • ‘She ran a hand through her chestnut coloured hair.’
      • ‘Aside from that, he had soft and shiny chestnut hair, and warm, loving, yet mysterious deep brown eyes.’
      • ‘When they removed their hats, they revealed identical chestnut hair, neatly parted in the center.’
      • ‘The beetle was a bulbous, chestnut coloured fellow.’
      • ‘Her long, curly chestnut hair fell across her face as she thought.’
      • ‘Some species have white on the throat or rump areas and a few species have brighter chestnut or reddish throats.’
      • ‘‘Cute, but no,’ he said congenially, his deep chestnut eyes twinkling from under the curve of his cast iron helmet.’
      • ‘Her long, wavy, thick, chestnut hair cascaded fluidly down her back.’
      reddish, flaming red, flame-coloured, auburn, titian, chestnut, carroty, ginger, sandy, foxy
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    2. 1.2 A horse of a reddish-brown or yellowish-brown colour, with a brown mane and tail.
      as modifier ‘a chestnut stallion’
      • ‘The chestnut colt made his debut nine months later, finishing second by a length to eventual Grade 1 winner D' Wildcat.’
      • ‘She spun around and saw Jake galloping on a beautiful chestnut stallion towards them.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt is the last foal out of Jewell Ridge, who died on August 1.’
      • ‘The chestnut filly worked in company on Wednesday, pleasing him with her effort.’
      • ‘She quietly saddled a chestnut mare a few stalls down from him and walked him out of the barn.’
      • ‘She watched James swing down from the saddle of his chestnut horse, whose coat was literally on fire with the colors of sunset.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt also won the 2001 Tattersall Stakes as a three-year-old.’
      • ‘Berndon was looking at a chestnut mare with a black mane and tail and took out some coins to pay for it.’
      • ‘The chestnut horse won eight of 16 career starts and earned $1,261,089.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt moved up three wide to take the lead into the first turn and was clear by two lengths as he covered the first quarter in: 23.28.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt earned $1,009,920 for his biggest lifetime victory and instantly became a millionaire.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt is the second foal out of Grade 2 winner Prospectress, by Mining.’
      • ‘The sassy combination of so-called stripper music and Cabaret show tunes suits the big chestnut mare, who seemed to visibly strut and swagger through her routine.’
      • ‘The chestnut filly's win also gave the young female jockey her first Group 1 stakes triumph.’
      • ‘The chestnut filly was bred in Kentucky.’
      • ‘Sharon rides Andy, a chestnut Quarter Horse who has never before experienced dressage.’
      • ‘The chestnut mare has won 14 of 16 career starts and earned $3,044,820.’
      • ‘The chestnut mare has won 17 of 24 career starts and has earned $4,079,820.’
      • ‘The chestnut colt finished second in his racing debut on June 24.’
      • ‘The chestnut horse was bred in Kentucky by Vintage Meadow Stable.’
      hazel, chocolate-coloured, coffee-coloured, cocoa-coloured, nut-brown
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  • 2The large European tree that produces the edible chestnut, with serrated leaves and heavy timber.

    • ‘I just noticed the chestnut tree in our front yard was dying and wondered why.’
    • ‘One damaged chestnut tree and five mature conifers had to be removed.’
    • ‘As she got nearer she saw him shaded from the sun by the leaves of the chestnut tree.’
    • ‘With the coming of the spring-time I yearned only to sit under my favorite chestnut tree for a spell.’
    • ‘Greece originally introduced the chestnut tree to the rest of the European community.’
    1. 2.1
      short for horse chestnut
    2. 2.2 Used in names of trees and plants that are related to the sweet chestnut, or produce similar nuts or edible parts that resemble them, e.g. water chestnut.
      • ‘In general, European chestnut trees haven't suffered as devastating an outbreak as their American cousins.’
      • ‘They also collected a broad variety of wild herbs, wild vegetables such as acorns, water chestnuts, and broad beans, and possibly wild rice.’
      • ‘The European species of chestnut catches the disease, too, and early researchers noticed some Italian trees that seemed to have spontaneously recovered their health.’
  • 3A small horny patch on the inside of each of a horse's legs.

    • ‘The small chestnut patches on its shoulders are not always visible.’

Phrases

  • an old chestnut

    • A joke, story, or subject that has become tedious and uninteresting through constant repetition.

      ‘the subject under discussion is that old chestnut, public or private financing of the arts’
      • ‘Things become old chestnuts because there is a certain sense to them.’
      • ‘Another barrier comes tumbling down, as that old chestnut about the Germans never making a funny comedy has to be consigned to the history book.’
      • ‘Does that old chestnut really need explaining again?’
      • ‘This is an old chestnut of a story, and like the previous similar surveys it has a huge flaw which undermines the result: you don't know if the respondents are telling the truth.’
      • ‘‘Do you expect me to fall for that old chestnut,’ she fumed.’
      • ‘We've discovered the answer to that old chestnut.’
      • ‘In the past she has denied the old chestnut about women not being as funny as men but today she clearly can't be bothered fighting.’
      • ‘Cost is another of the old chestnuts that's brought up every so often.’
      • ‘It covers the old chestnut of paper versus computers and comes to an interesting conclusion, which I'm afraid I've kind of given away in the quote above.’
      • ‘The old chestnut of ‘environmental damage’ is, of course, a favourite concern of green campaigners, and one which the UK government is keen to take on board.’
      funny story, jest, witticism, quip, pleasantry
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  • pull someone's chestnuts out of the fire

    • Succeed in a hazardous undertaking for someone else's benefit.

      • ‘As you know, part of the tens of billions of dollars that he is asking for today is to pull his chestnuts out of the fire.’
      • ‘So I think it's just idle to think that they can pull our chestnuts out of the fire.’
      • ‘Whatever it takes to pull his chestnuts out of the fire in Virginia.’
      • ‘When it comes to pulling his chestnuts out of the fire, however, the UAW leadership is at the ready.’
      • ‘I think it'll take more than him to pull their chestnuts out of the fire.’
      • ‘For example, we have pulled your chestnuts out of the fire in two world wars that were occasioned by European diplomacy.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from Old English chesten (from Old French chastaine, via Latin from Greek kastanea) + nut.

Pronunciation

chestnut

/ˈtʃɛsnʌt/