Definition of chernozem in English:

chernozem

noun

Soil Science
  • A fertile black soil rich in humus and with a lighter lime-rich layer beneath, typically occurring in the temperate grasslands of the Russian steppes and North American prairies.

    • ‘Great Sand Hills' soils lack the distinctive dark appearance that indicates rich organic matter and nutrients, like the chernozems and rich clay or gumbo soils that made Saskatchewan wheat famous.’
    • ‘It contains soil types, such as podzols, chernozems, brown earths, chestnut soils, etc., familiar to many people.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Russian, from chërnyĭ ‘black’ + zemlya ‘earth’.

Pronunciation

chernozem

/ˈtʃəːnəzɛm/