One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The synthesis of organic compounds by bacteria or other living organisms using energy derived from reactions involving inorganic chemicals, typically in the absence of sunlight.Compare with photosynthesis
- ‘Ahh, looks like I might have been thinking of chemosynthesis.’
- ‘It turned out that at the base of the food chain were bacteria that nourished themselves through a process of chemosynthesis.’
- ‘In the darkness at these depths, chemosynthesis takes the place of photosynthesis - the trapping of energy in sunlight by plants.’
- ‘These so-called chemoautotrophs use the stored energy of certain chemicals [usually sulfides such as hydrogen sulfide or iron sulfide (FeS 2)] to drive chemosynthesis.’
- ‘It turned out that the hydrogen sulphide rising from the sea floor vents produced a process called chemosynthesis; the basis of the food chain.’
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