Definition of chemical potential in English:

chemical potential


  • A thermodynamic function expressing the ability of an uncharged atom or molecule in a chemical system to perform physical work.

    • ‘It creates a chemical potential or concentration gradient between the opposite sides of the membrane while also creating an electrical potential.’
    • ‘The chemical potential of plants is however, still largely unexplored.’
    • ‘The mechanism of water transport across the cuticle is a simple diffusion process along a gradient of the chemical potential of water.’
    • ‘It is important to eliminate duplicate conformations so that no conformations are counted as contributing more than once to the chemical potential.’
    • ‘These chemical potentials are obtained as derivatives of the time-dependent free energy with respect to the local density of proteins.’