Definition of chauvinism in English:

chauvinism

noun

mass noun
  • 1Exaggerated or aggressive patriotism.

    • ‘The Seattle protests were noteworthy for the relative absence of nationalism and chauvinism, but without the above perspective these sentiments have grown.’
    • ‘These are gross exaggerations aimed at fanning chauvinism.’
    • ‘Should I, this civic nationalist, disdain raw chauvinism, empathise with these nice, troubled young English people and remember just how badly they want this prize?’
    • ‘By depicting 1812 as a time when all Russians were comrades with a single goal, it expressed the idea of Russian nationality without arrogance or chauvinism.’
    • ‘Separatism and the politics of nationalism and ethno-linguistic chauvinism are a trap for the working class.’
    • ‘Patriotism is chauvinism, no doubt about it, and Turton is ready to say so.’
    • ‘All of them, deeply mired in nationalism and chauvinism, have squarely lined up behind their ‘own’ regime in its preparations for war.’
    • ‘This ought be done very vigorously - without any concession to racial, national or cultural chauvinism.’
    • ‘But when we are busy condemning national chauvinism, religious hatred and war crimes abroad, it is no time to whitewash our own past.’
    • ‘They would not be tempted by nationalism or chauvinism which could provoke regional instability, nor would they be tempted to develop and equip their armed forces with nuclear weapons.’
    • ‘I have no sense of, objectively, how great he is deemed to be in the canon - especially outside of England where parochialism, patriotism and chauvinism inevitably play their part.’
    • ‘It rests on aggressive xenophobia, chauvinism, fanatical imperial ambitions and fascist demagogy.’
    • ‘Instead of breaking the power of the clergy and the landowners and liberating the religious and national minorities, they relied on oppression and chauvinism.’
    • ‘And with intoxicated minds, nationalism can easily turn into chauvinism when it comes to judge other cultures.’
    • ‘In fact, it was the aggressive chauvinism of the industrialists, the middle classes and the press which had created the climate that led inexorably to war, even among the Central Powers.’
    • ‘Why would I let a bit of nationalist chauvinism get in the way?’
    • ‘A definite environment has been created of blind patriotism and chauvinism.’
    • ‘Their investment in nationalistic chauvinism has dangerous implications.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, they have nothing to do with chauvinism or nationalism and are based on the centuries old history of Russian statehood.’
    • ‘Nothing must be allowed to subvert the text; no optimism springing from political chauvinism or national frenzies.’
    jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity
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    1. 1.1 Excessive or prejudiced support for one's own cause, group, or sex.
      • ‘But I am using the fact it was a good representation of basic American experience and attitudes, and not particularly driven by gender politics, to highlight common, underlying female chauvinisms.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism isn't making a comeback - it never went away.’
      • ‘Usually, their biggest obstacle is not male chauvinism or cultural restrictions, but lack of basic machinery.’
      • ‘We need to find common moral ground within the civilised world over and beyond the hatred and intolerance of the religious chauvinisms and nationalisms of the past.’
      • ‘Our women have come a long way in their struggle for liberation from the shackles of feudalism, slavery, colonialism and male chauvinism.’
      • ‘I laugh at my 76-year-old mother's anti-Catholic prejudices, because I can see the naked chauvinism behind them for what it is.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism is the major cause for this social evil.’
      • ‘Serious art is incompatible with chauvinism, racial hatred and prejudices of all types.’
      • ‘The problem here is not old-fashioned prejudice or chauvinism: the employer using these height and weight restrictions may pay no attention to the gender of the applicants.’
      • ‘I argue that cultural indifference, chauvinism and racism pervade the classroom, posing particular challenges for anthropological pedagogy.’
      • ‘We do not see any further need for criticizing the cultural chauvinism and racial discrimination among some Europeans and Americans.’
      • ‘In this time of unprecedented danger, heroic leadership must question old certainties and chauvinisms.’
      • ‘The song mirrored Sandra's image and spiritually strong moral standing and was an immediate hit with women in society who identified with the images of male chauvinism in the workplace.’
      • ‘I'd like watch as each argument just runs out of steam, leaving just the prejudice and chauvinism for all to see.’
      • ‘Our sense of shared identity ought not be driven by chauvinism, defensiveness or partisan social engineering.’
      • ‘Yet to many natives, overcharging is simply a habitual procedure rather than a real sign of racial chauvinism.’
      • ‘That has nothing to do with sexual identity or heterosexual chauvinism.’
      • ‘This is the classical argument of social chauvinism.’
      • ‘So one can ask about religious chauvinism, but not racism.’
      • ‘It's a bizarre concept that intertwines issues of patriotism and sporting chauvinism.’
      jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity
      View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: named after Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism, popularized as a character by the Cogniard brothers in Cocarde Tricolore (1831).

Pronunciation

chauvinism

/ˈʃəʊv(ɪ)nɪz(ə)m/