Definition of chauvinism in English:



mass noun
  • 1Exaggerated or aggressive patriotism.

    ‘public opinion was easily moved to chauvinism and nationalism’
    • ‘Their investment in nationalistic chauvinism has dangerous implications.’
    • ‘The Seattle protests were noteworthy for the relative absence of nationalism and chauvinism, but without the above perspective these sentiments have grown.’
    • ‘A definite environment has been created of blind patriotism and chauvinism.’
    • ‘In fact, it was the aggressive chauvinism of the industrialists, the middle classes and the press which had created the climate that led inexorably to war, even among the Central Powers.’
    • ‘Patriotism is chauvinism, no doubt about it, and Turton is ready to say so.’
    • ‘These are gross exaggerations aimed at fanning chauvinism.’
    • ‘And with intoxicated minds, nationalism can easily turn into chauvinism when it comes to judge other cultures.’
    • ‘All of them, deeply mired in nationalism and chauvinism, have squarely lined up behind their ‘own’ regime in its preparations for war.’
    • ‘It rests on aggressive xenophobia, chauvinism, fanatical imperial ambitions and fascist demagogy.’
    • ‘Separatism and the politics of nationalism and ethno-linguistic chauvinism are a trap for the working class.’
    • ‘Nothing must be allowed to subvert the text; no optimism springing from political chauvinism or national frenzies.’
    • ‘By depicting 1812 as a time when all Russians were comrades with a single goal, it expressed the idea of Russian nationality without arrogance or chauvinism.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, they have nothing to do with chauvinism or nationalism and are based on the centuries old history of Russian statehood.’
    • ‘Should I, this civic nationalist, disdain raw chauvinism, empathise with these nice, troubled young English people and remember just how badly they want this prize?’
    • ‘This ought be done very vigorously - without any concession to racial, national or cultural chauvinism.’
    • ‘I have no sense of, objectively, how great he is deemed to be in the canon - especially outside of England where parochialism, patriotism and chauvinism inevitably play their part.’
    • ‘Instead of breaking the power of the clergy and the landowners and liberating the religious and national minorities, they relied on oppression and chauvinism.’
    • ‘Why would I let a bit of nationalist chauvinism get in the way?’
    • ‘They would not be tempted by nationalism or chauvinism which could provoke regional instability, nor would they be tempted to develop and equip their armed forces with nuclear weapons.’
    • ‘But when we are busy condemning national chauvinism, religious hatred and war crimes abroad, it is no time to whitewash our own past.’
    jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity
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    1. 1.1 Excessive or prejudiced support for one's own cause, group, or sex.
      ‘we stand together to stamp out chauvinism and bigotry’
      • ‘Usually, their biggest obstacle is not male chauvinism or cultural restrictions, but lack of basic machinery.’
      • ‘I argue that cultural indifference, chauvinism and racism pervade the classroom, posing particular challenges for anthropological pedagogy.’
      • ‘Serious art is incompatible with chauvinism, racial hatred and prejudices of all types.’
      • ‘But I am using the fact it was a good representation of basic American experience and attitudes, and not particularly driven by gender politics, to highlight common, underlying female chauvinisms.’
      • ‘We need to find common moral ground within the civilised world over and beyond the hatred and intolerance of the religious chauvinisms and nationalisms of the past.’
      • ‘The problem here is not old-fashioned prejudice or chauvinism: the employer using these height and weight restrictions may pay no attention to the gender of the applicants.’
      • ‘It's a bizarre concept that intertwines issues of patriotism and sporting chauvinism.’
      • ‘The song mirrored Sandra's image and spiritually strong moral standing and was an immediate hit with women in society who identified with the images of male chauvinism in the workplace.’
      • ‘Yet to many natives, overcharging is simply a habitual procedure rather than a real sign of racial chauvinism.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism isn't making a comeback - it never went away.’
      • ‘So one can ask about religious chauvinism, but not racism.’
      • ‘This is the classical argument of social chauvinism.’
      • ‘In this time of unprecedented danger, heroic leadership must question old certainties and chauvinisms.’
      • ‘Our women have come a long way in their struggle for liberation from the shackles of feudalism, slavery, colonialism and male chauvinism.’
      • ‘I'd like watch as each argument just runs out of steam, leaving just the prejudice and chauvinism for all to see.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism is the major cause for this social evil.’
      • ‘That has nothing to do with sexual identity or heterosexual chauvinism.’
      • ‘I laugh at my 76-year-old mother's anti-Catholic prejudices, because I can see the naked chauvinism behind them for what it is.’
      • ‘We do not see any further need for criticizing the cultural chauvinism and racial discrimination among some Europeans and Americans.’
      • ‘Our sense of shared identity ought not be driven by chauvinism, defensiveness or partisan social engineering.’
      jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity
      View synonyms


Late 19th century: named after Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism, popularized as a character by the Cogniard brothers in Cocarde Tricolore (1831).