Definition of chauvinism in English:



  • 1[mass noun] Exaggerated or aggressive patriotism.

    • ‘Nothing must be allowed to subvert the text; no optimism springing from political chauvinism or national frenzies.’
    • ‘They would not be tempted by nationalism or chauvinism which could provoke regional instability, nor would they be tempted to develop and equip their armed forces with nuclear weapons.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, they have nothing to do with chauvinism or nationalism and are based on the centuries old history of Russian statehood.’
    • ‘Why would I let a bit of nationalist chauvinism get in the way?’
    • ‘A definite environment has been created of blind patriotism and chauvinism.’
    • ‘I have no sense of, objectively, how great he is deemed to be in the canon - especially outside of England where parochialism, patriotism and chauvinism inevitably play their part.’
    • ‘In fact, it was the aggressive chauvinism of the industrialists, the middle classes and the press which had created the climate that led inexorably to war, even among the Central Powers.’
    • ‘These are gross exaggerations aimed at fanning chauvinism.’
    • ‘Patriotism is chauvinism, no doubt about it, and Turton is ready to say so.’
    • ‘It rests on aggressive xenophobia, chauvinism, fanatical imperial ambitions and fascist demagogy.’
    • ‘But when we are busy condemning national chauvinism, religious hatred and war crimes abroad, it is no time to whitewash our own past.’
    • ‘This ought be done very vigorously - without any concession to racial, national or cultural chauvinism.’
    • ‘Their investment in nationalistic chauvinism has dangerous implications.’
    • ‘Should I, this civic nationalist, disdain raw chauvinism, empathise with these nice, troubled young English people and remember just how badly they want this prize?’
    • ‘Separatism and the politics of nationalism and ethno-linguistic chauvinism are a trap for the working class.’
    • ‘And with intoxicated minds, nationalism can easily turn into chauvinism when it comes to judge other cultures.’
    • ‘All of them, deeply mired in nationalism and chauvinism, have squarely lined up behind their ‘own’ regime in its preparations for war.’
    • ‘By depicting 1812 as a time when all Russians were comrades with a single goal, it expressed the idea of Russian nationality without arrogance or chauvinism.’
    • ‘Instead of breaking the power of the clergy and the landowners and liberating the religious and national minorities, they relied on oppression and chauvinism.’
    • ‘The Seattle protests were noteworthy for the relative absence of nationalism and chauvinism, but without the above perspective these sentiments have grown.’
    jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity
    partisanship, partiality, prejudice, bias, discrimination, intolerance, bigotry
    male chauvinism, sexism, misogyny
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Excessive or prejudiced support for one's own cause, group, or sex.
      • ‘The song mirrored Sandra's image and spiritually strong moral standing and was an immediate hit with women in society who identified with the images of male chauvinism in the workplace.’
      • ‘We do not see any further need for criticizing the cultural chauvinism and racial discrimination among some Europeans and Americans.’
      • ‘Yet to many natives, overcharging is simply a habitual procedure rather than a real sign of racial chauvinism.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism is the major cause for this social evil.’
      • ‘I argue that cultural indifference, chauvinism and racism pervade the classroom, posing particular challenges for anthropological pedagogy.’
      • ‘Usually, their biggest obstacle is not male chauvinism or cultural restrictions, but lack of basic machinery.’
      • ‘So one can ask about religious chauvinism, but not racism.’
      • ‘Male chauvinism isn't making a comeback - it never went away.’
      • ‘Our sense of shared identity ought not be driven by chauvinism, defensiveness or partisan social engineering.’
      • ‘It's a bizarre concept that intertwines issues of patriotism and sporting chauvinism.’
      • ‘We need to find common moral ground within the civilised world over and beyond the hatred and intolerance of the religious chauvinisms and nationalisms of the past.’
      • ‘Our women have come a long way in their struggle for liberation from the shackles of feudalism, slavery, colonialism and male chauvinism.’
      • ‘I laugh at my 76-year-old mother's anti-Catholic prejudices, because I can see the naked chauvinism behind them for what it is.’
      • ‘But I am using the fact it was a good representation of basic American experience and attitudes, and not particularly driven by gender politics, to highlight common, underlying female chauvinisms.’
      • ‘In this time of unprecedented danger, heroic leadership must question old certainties and chauvinisms.’
      • ‘The problem here is not old-fashioned prejudice or chauvinism: the employer using these height and weight restrictions may pay no attention to the gender of the applicants.’
      • ‘That has nothing to do with sexual identity or heterosexual chauvinism.’
      • ‘I'd like watch as each argument just runs out of steam, leaving just the prejudice and chauvinism for all to see.’
      • ‘This is the classical argument of social chauvinism.’
      • ‘Serious art is incompatible with chauvinism, racial hatred and prejudices of all types.’


Late 19th century: named after Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism, popularized as a character by the Cogniard brothers in Cocarde Tricolore (1831).