One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A tropical Asian evergreen tree with narrow leathery leaves and oil-rich seeds.
Genus Hydnocarpus, family Flacourtiaceae: several species, in particular H. kurzii, the main source of the oil
- ‘Tropical chaulmoogra oil comes from the expressed oil of seeds of the chaulmoogra tree.’
- ‘Finally, an expedition sent by the United States found the chaulmoogra tree in the forests of Burma.’
- ‘The chaulmoogra tree also featured on a Fiji stamp of 1970 in honour of the closing of the hospital’
- ‘Chaulmoogra was later identified as a source of chaulmoogra oil, an age-old leprosy treatment.’
- 1.1mass noun Oil obtained from the seeds of the chaulmoogra tree, used medically and as a preservative.
- ‘Drugs are being made that have the same effect as chaulmoogra oil.’
- ‘One of the standard treatments for leprosy has been to inject ethyl-esters of chaulmoogra oil into a muscle with a large bore syringe.’
- ‘In the 12th century AD, chaulmoogra oil was imported into China from Cambodia - the native home of the tree from which it is derived.’
- ‘Until the advent of sulpha-based drugs, chaulmoogra oil was acknowledged by the international scientific community to be the only medicine known to Western medical science that was effective in treating the disease.’
- ‘This form of treatment was adopted by Dr Durack in Western Australia, who treated him with chaulmoogra oil by mouth.’
Early 19th century: from Bengali cāul-mugrā.
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