Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1(of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on.‘the director was somewhat chastened by his recent flops’‘a chastening experience’
subdue, humble, cow, squash, deflate, flatten, bring down, bring low, take down a peg or two, humiliate, mortifyView synonyms
- ‘But he'll probably be well chastened, I suppose.’
- ‘Segal is suitably chastened after last week's events.’
- ‘I walk from the pitch as humiliated as I am chastened.’
- ‘It's an attitude that put him behind bars for a short period, not apparently an experience that chastened him.’
- ‘Perhaps chastened by the experience, and certainly restricted by a hung council, Labour have subsequently become more conciliatory.’
- ‘The most chastening passage in the book concerns a woman called Lisl Auman.’
- ‘Is he in any way chastened by this experience do you think?’
- ‘Have the media been chastened in any way by that experience?’
- ‘After the blackout of August 14, 2003, all of us in Ontario seemed suitably chastened in our attitudes towards electricity usage.’
- ‘Slightly chastened by the experience, Ganesh finds himself saddled with an old, sick couple looking for a hospital, who have been abandoned by fellow villagers.’
- ‘But, while chastened by the experience, he also draws strength from it.’
- ‘We all left somewhat chastened by the moving experience and the realization of how fortunate we have been.’
- ‘The French president was chastened by the recent defeat of his European constitution referendum initiative.’
- ‘Officials, instead of being chastened, were indignant.’
- ‘First, I'm constantly impressed by the email I receive, and I'm chastened to be reminded of the things I forget to think about.’
- ‘No doubt the school will feel suitably chastened by her absence.’
- ‘In this way the ships captain kept a tight rein on his men and when the ship set sail it was with a suitably chastened crew, or so the Captain thought.’
- ‘The wisdom traditionally associated with age has to do with our limitations, with being chastened by experience.’
- ‘Suitably chastened, may I humbly entreat him to, unambiguously and without obfuscation, answer a few pertinent questions?’
- ‘The entire experience was frightening and chastening for the bourgeoisie.’
- 1.1archaic (especially of God) discipline; punish.
penalize, discipline, mete out punishment to, bring someone to book, teach someone a lesson, make an example ofView synonyms
- ‘A number of times in Scripture when addressing the Jews, God chastened them for not obeying His Word.’
- ‘With the loss of so many illusions at once I cannot remember when I have felt so vulnerable or chastened, but neither can I remember when I have felt so alive.’
- ‘God Himself is said to use this method: those whom He loves, He chastens, even perhaps with the prospect of death.’
Early 16th century: from an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare ‘castigate’, from castus ‘morally pure, chaste’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.