Definition of charge in English:



[with object]
  • 1Demand (an amount) as a price for a service rendered or goods supplied.

    ‘wedding planners may charge an hourly fee of up to £150’
    with two objects ‘he charged me five dollars for the wine’
    • ‘Right now I have no life coaching qualifications or experience, and so I don't feel qualified to charge for my services.’
    • ‘Representations made to the rail authorities about the high prices they charge for improvements had also been made, without success.’
    • ‘There is no word as to whether they will charge for this service or not.’
    • ‘This is partly for financial reasons, as the council charges a fee to cover its costs, meaning some schools choose not to run the training classes.’
    • ‘The council admits that few boroughs charge for children's services.’
    • ‘And if you use your card abroad to take out local currency, almost all banks and building societies charge for this service.’
    • ‘They charge a premium amount in the UK for their printing services and the sums simply don't add up.’
    • ‘The council is facing a £11.5million shortfall if it charges the average amount of council tax for outer London.’
    • ‘The council is currently reviewing the amount it charges people to use the town's car parks.’
    • ‘The province requires us to charge the same low price to all our clients, yet many of them are affluent and could easily afford to pay more.’
    • ‘There is a range of prices open to you to charge for your services.’
    • ‘By January, the billings department had yet to charge Bitton for services rendered.’
    • ‘With Lynne's help, the charity, which has to charge for its services because funding is so tight, hopes to be able to expand.’
    • ‘Much confusion exists regarding the tariff payable by the medical aid funds and the amount charged by the various service providers or institutions.’
    • ‘Of the 126 who responded, 81 per cent agreed that it was reasonable for the council to charge an adequate amount for services provided.’
    • ‘For the amount of money they charge for the ticket, the service should be much better.’
    • ‘It was also possible to arrange an item of mail to be left at a convenient Post Office though the Post Office would charge for this service.’
    • ‘He said motorists who complained after pumping their own fuel at full service pumps and being charged the higher price were offered a refund.’
    • ‘He said three years ago, homeowners were conned in a fraud worth more than £500,000 when they were charged excessive amounts to have their drives resurfaced.’
    • ‘Although banks have a standard penalty rate, it is worth asking the amount your bank will charge for the delay.’
    ask in payment, ask, fix a charge, fix a price, impose, levy
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    1. 1.1charge something to Record the cost of something as an amount payable by (someone) or on (an account)
      ‘they charge the calls to their credit-card accounts’
      • ‘I will pay for these purchases today instead of charging them to my account.’
      • ‘The costs included overheads such as salaries, rents and repairs but no depreciation as all improvements were charged to the year's account.’
      • ‘Analysts praise the service's array of options and its secure billing system, which lets users charge purchases to their account.’
      • ‘Someone sitting at a computer terminal charging bets to a credit card account is a case in point but this phenomenon is not limited to gambling on the internet.’
      • ‘Courtney gave Holly all her information so she could buy the ticket and charge it to their account.’
      • ‘Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.’
      • ‘By passing your hand over a scanner at a check-out counter you may charge your purchases to either your bank account or credit system very efficiently with no fuss.’
      • ‘If you are successful, the cost of the loan is charged to the other side's insurance company in addition to the solicitor's costs.’
      • ‘The impertinent guest, who shall remain nameless, even had the temerity to charge it to his host's account - a prominent champagne house.’
      • ‘For example, why are they so unhappy with the suggestion that they should charge an all-inclusive fee to their pension fund clients, absorbing the cost of any commissions, research or information services themselves?’
      • ‘Residents had to reserve places at dinner for themselves and their guests; missed meals would be charged to their accounts.’
      • ‘Then, it either deducts the money from your cashcard (much like the current system), or it charges the amount to your credit card.’
      • ‘Its strategy was also to pay the salesmen immediately, directly charging the cost to the client's policy and removing this charge over a long period of time.’
      • ‘Griffiths clarified last night that he charges a market rent to the fees office, payable to him as owner of the office, for its legitimate use for an MP's constituency work.’
      • ‘If he is correct, there may be no entitlement to charge the costs to the mortgage account, as the building society habitually have done.’
      • ‘Subsequently, his bank discovered that the original cheque for $132,987.66 was stolen and charged this amount to his account on the grounds of ‘forged endorsement.’’
      • ‘All of those independent promotion costs are charged to the band.’
      • ‘This means companies will have to hire a lot more people to answer the telephone, but the cost can be charged to public relations.’
      • ‘It will also give users internet access to e-commerce opportunities, allowing them to buy goods through their handsets and charge the costs to their mobile bill.’
      • ‘Customers were able to buy vouchers from the credit company, which had a face value printed on them and a statement authorising retailers to charge the face value to the company's account.’
      bill, put down, debit from, take from
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  • 2Formally accuse (someone) of something, especially an offence under law.

    ‘they were charged with assault’
    • ‘On 16th June, nearly five months after the incidents, he was charged with both offences.’
    • ‘However, on December 24 he was formally charged with illegally acquiring and sharing information.’
    • ‘When he finally came down he was charged with offences including driving without insurance and threatening behaviour.’
    • ‘If someone is charged with an offence then they must face the full impact of the law.’
    • ‘In many cases, drivers are not charged with an offence: police deem the pedestrian to have been ‘at fault’ in the accident.’
    • ‘He was also charged with the offence of disobeying a lawful order.’
    • ‘In July 2004, he was formally charged with various offenses, including terrorism, attacking civilians and murder.’
    • ‘He was not charged with that offence, as I understand it.’
    • ‘In July 2002, he was charged with three drug-related offences.’
    • ‘The man was acquitted but the young women were charged with perjury.’
    • ‘On no occasion has he been charged with any offence, has no outstanding charges and I strongly doubt that there would be any adverse record against him, at least at the national level.’
    • ‘He was subsequently charged with a disciplinary offence, but was cleared following a hearing in May.’
    • ‘He was charged with the offence of which he was convicted and at that time handed in a prepared statement.’
    • ‘She was charged with 12 offences at crown court, and a further three in the magistrates' court.’
    • ‘However she was charged with two offences of false accounting concerning housing benefit fraud.’
    • ‘He was charged with two criminal offences, and was acquitted of both offences.’
    • ‘The applicant's girlfriend was not charged with any offences in connection with these seizures.’
    • ‘Originally he was charged with 16 offences, but yesterday they were withdrawn and five sample charges were substituted.’
    • ‘On 21st April, she was charged with the offence I have mentioned, that of assisting an offender.’
    • ‘Police and fire crews labelled him ‘a stupid fool’ for putting his and other people's lives at risk but he was not charged with any offence.’
    accuse of, indict for, arraign for
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    1. 2.1with clause Make an accusation or assertion that.
      ‘opponents charged that below-cost pricing would reduce safety’
      • ‘It is a misfortune, but nobody has charged that it was fraudulent.’
      • ‘An employee also charged that he was discourteous.’
      • ‘It was abandoned after the Justice Department charged that portions of it violated antitrust laws.’
      • ‘They charged that the company had violated various provisions of the act.’
      • ‘He also charged that the gag order was an unprecedented attempt to deny his constitutional rights.’
      • ‘Faculty and higher education groups have charged that the measure, if passed, would violate the principles of academic freedom.’
      • ‘One person charged that I was missing the point in showing the video.’
      • ‘In court filings, Felos has charged that the governor imposed his will on her, without regard to what she would have wanted.’
      • ‘Media reports also charged that writing materials were destroyed.’
      • ‘He charged that officers in construction were expected to enforce registration regulations to root out dubious contractors.’
      • ‘He charged that the underwater ceramics were excavated and treated unprofessionally by the salvage companies.’
      • ‘They also charged that following the 1911 change of government, construction standards had not been upheld.’
      • ‘I learned that you have charged that your company is the victim of an insidious conspiracy.’
      • ‘Opponents then charged that the east coast institution was jettisoning part of the city's cultural legacy.’
      • ‘He charged that he was owed compensation for a graphic novel they published in the year 2000.’
      • ‘He charged that the administration was trying to scuttle the deal.’
      • ‘Lincoln charged that he was encouraging desertions from the Union army.’
      • ‘Some charged that we were refighting a cultural war from the '60s.’
      • ‘He charged that unless something was done he would be forced to remove some police officers from his area because they were not serving the intended purpose.’
      • ‘Critics have charged that the program will give the defence department the power to invade personal privacy.’
    2. 2.2Law Formally accuse someone of (an offence)
      ‘they filed a lawsuit charging fraud and breach of contract’
      • ‘At the time when J gave his evidence, he was doing so solely in relation to count 8 which charged rape.’
      • ‘Is the prosecution obliged to frame a series of alternative counts charging homicide on each basis?’
      • ‘They did not have to charge rape by physical force or physical violence, but he specifically lists that in his indictment.’
      • ‘Would it not be preferable to absorb infanticide into the doctrine of diminished responsibility and allow the prosecution to charge manslaughter in such cases?’
      • ‘It was common to charge manslaughter and culpable driving together.’
  • 3Entrust (someone) with a task as a duty or responsibility.

    ‘the committee was charged with reshaping the educational system’
    • ‘The two teams were charged with the task of selling ice-creams in down-town Manhattan.’
    • ‘Yet he and virtually the same team were again charged with the task of winning a major tournament for Scotland.’
    • ‘On the following day, he was charged with the duty of getting rid of these shares.’
    • ‘There are a lot of people who are charged with the responsibility of protecting, promoting and defending that reputation.’
    • ‘David Moore was charged with the task of taking the firm forward after Mr Lancaster retired in 2003.’
    • ‘Governments are charged with a difficult responsibility of balancing economic development against environmental damage.’
    • ‘Indeed, these individuals are charged with the responsibility of public safety.’
    • ‘Logistics leaders are charged with the duty to organize, train and equip the units under their command’
    • ‘We are social creatures, and as well as taking responsibility for ourselves we are charged with the duty of looking out for our nearest and dearest.’
    • ‘As part of my intelligence duties, I was charged with interrogating German prisoners of war.’
    • ‘The Board and district commissions are charged to protect and conserve the lands and environment of the state.’
    • ‘Israeli-employed post office workers were charged with the task of verifying the identities of potential voters.’
    • ‘Those who knew these men intimately were charged with the duty to relate their heroic deaths to their families upon returning to the Capital.’
    • ‘Clearly, this senior level review charged to protect the public interest fully weighed all the issues, separating fact from assertion.’
    • ‘Additionally, he stood by and watched as laws were being broken by said children that he was charged to protect.’
    • ‘In fairness to the land commissioner, he isn't charged with protecting local school revenue.’
    • ‘All three are equally charged to protect the Constitution.’
    • ‘Every player is charged with the responsibility of making the performance an engaging experience for both the cast and the audience.’
    • ‘The news media are not charged with the duty of full court reporting, and it is necessarily fortuitous as to whether remarks upon sentence are reported or not.’
    • ‘She is charged with the task of ensuring the government's lifelong learning plans make sense to the public.’
  • 4Store electrical energy in (a battery or battery-operated device)

    ‘the shaver can be charged up and used while travelling’
    • ‘Plug it in to your computer to charge the battery and transfer songs.’
    • ‘Then at some point we might burn coal to supply electricity to charge batteries in electric cars.’
    • ‘Increase the life span of your cell phone and battery by following the manufacturer's directions for using the phone and charging the battery.’
    • ‘The plasma screen consists of tiny gas plasma cells that are charged at exact electrical voltages to make a picture.’
    • ‘By then, they knew too that the power system was struggling and the battery wasn't charged as much as was desired.’
    • ‘It is now eleven days later and the big battery is still charged and the camera working perfectly.’
    • ‘Diesel-powered submarines use combustion engines to provide power and charge the sub's batteries.’
    • ‘This changes the voltage to direct current which can then be used to charge your battery.’
    • ‘So anytime you're driving - highway or city - the battery can be charged up if it needs charging, and it should never run low.’
    • ‘As you read this, Brian Cashman is charging his ninth cell-phone battery of the day.’
    • ‘She made a mental note to plug her charger in and charge the battery.’
    • ‘It is used to charge the battery and to power all the car's electric systems when its engine is running.’
    • ‘Small, isolated farms used wind turbines to charge batteries, run radios and draw water from deep wells.’
    • ‘A large assemblage of tiny little storage batteries were charged up and gave a total, when they were all put in a series, of about a thousand volts.’
    • ‘This battery is continuously charged by solar cells and the use of the cell obviates the need for separate charging of the battery.’
    • ‘Tonight we took short showers in the outside stained wood stalls, as another generator charged the batteries that ran the water pump and the electric water heater.’
    • ‘When the car is slowing down, the electric motor runs backwards, acting as a generator to charge the battery.’
    • ‘You do have to be organised as it takes forever to charge the batteries, but it is free energy.’
    • ‘An electrical charging source couples to the first and second electrical connectors to charge the battery.’
    • ‘When the bank's charge drops below a certain level, the pump is shut off and the system resumes charging the batteries from the wind's energy.’
    1. 4.1no object (of a battery or battery-operated device) receive and store electrical energy.
      • ‘Each room has a safe that not only holds most laptops, but has an electrical outlet in the safe to keep your computer charged.’
      • ‘Batteries charged by its petrol engine drive electric motors to reduce fuel consumption.’
      • ‘‘All we can do in those cases is turn off the power and let the batteries charge for a few days,’ he says.’
      • ‘At these times he would double up his efficiency by shutting off his propane and heating the bus with its own internal heating system while the battery charged.’
      • ‘Flashlights will be checked quarterly to ensure batteries remain charged.’
      • ‘To keep the battery charged, an electric car needs a DC-to-DC converter.’
      • ‘I have the phone on me at all times, and I am careful to keep the battery charged.’
      • ‘That, of course, is nonsense provided the car's alternator is in good order in which case it will keep the battery charged while the engine is running.’
    2. 4.2 Load or fill (a container, gun, etc.) to the full or proper extent.
      • ‘Trevor sighed and hung up the phone, and started charging his gun.’
      • ‘His gun was charged and ready, his pressure suit would protect him from the toxic methane atmosphere.’
      • ‘After regrouping and charging the guns again, the Russians broke.’
      fill, fill up, fill to the brim, top up, stock
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    3. 4.3 Fill or pervade with a quality or emotion.
      ‘the air was charged with menace’
      • ‘During the emotionally charged gathering, a statue was unveiled.’
      • ‘As a student, Telegdi often raised quite a stir with his emotionally charged attempts to raise student interest in issues such as housing and enumeration.’
      • ‘The issue has become so politically charged that it is hard to view dispassionately.’
      • ‘The photos are so politically, sexually and socially charged that at a certain point, we were afraid we had gone too far.’
      • ‘Selling your property can be emotionally charged at the best of times but the majority of estate agents will treat the sale sensitively and are happy to arrange accompanied viewing.’
      suffuse, pervade, permeate, saturate, infuse, imbue, impregnate, inform, infect, inject, fill, load, instil, inspire, affect
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  • 5no object Rush forward in attack.

    ‘the plan is to charge headlong at the enemy’
    • ‘It is intriguing to watch those who run, those who hide, those that charge headlong and those that push their friends in front of themselves for protection.’
    • ‘They were charging just as quickly, also blinded by chaos.’
    • ‘She charged so quickly at him, all you could see was a black blur.’
    • ‘The rest of the attack party charged, all shouting loudly.’
    • ‘It continued its attack on her, charging at her head-first!’
    • ‘He made the first move, he charged at her with his arms at his sides, waiting to strike.’
    • ‘Quickly three people came charging at him, one was his own teammate.’
    • ‘She reached for it but quickly moved as he charged once again.’
    • ‘The underlying weakness of the hull meant that the ship could not charge headlong in the heat of battle.’
    • ‘His opponent charged at him quickly, sword held to the side.’
    • ‘Such forces can rarely be detected ahead of time, but to charge headlong without at least trying to assess your situation is like skipping nonchalantly through a mine field.’
    • ‘Godfrey did not hesitate, but attacked immediately, charging headlong while the Egyptians were still in their camp.’
    • ‘As he moved to charge, he found that his father was already upon him.’
    rush, move quickly, storm, stampede, career, tear, push, plough, swoop, dive, lunge, launch oneself, throw oneself, go headlong
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    1. 5.1with object Rush aggressively towards (someone or something) in attack.
      ‘I don't advise anyone to charge that barricade’
      • ‘The police then charged the picket line with attack dogs.’
      • ‘Groups of protesters tried to storm the embassy by charging the barbed-wire barricade that had been set up outside.’
      • ‘They get to the ball; they charge the ball more aggressively.’
      • ‘At a gig in San Francisco he was attacked by an audience member who charged the stage and tackled the Manchester singer to the ground mid-song.’
      • ‘They then aggressively charged the buildings and objects nearest them.’
      • ‘He has been able to charge balls quickly and move well laterally, which he had trouble doing when he came back late last season.’
      • ‘He saw the next wave of attackers gathering to charge the platoon position.’
      attack, storm, rush, assault, assail, open fire on, fall on, set upon, swoop on, descend on, fly at, make an onslaught on, make a raid on
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    2. 5.2with adverbial of direction Move quickly and forcefully.
      ‘Henry charged up the staircase’
      • ‘As soon as the bell rang, Hatton charged into the attack in his typical style.’
      • ‘The Red Hunters seized this opportunity and charged forward.’
      • ‘We charged forward with all our might and swiped them away!’
      • ‘But Drake recognized the tactic and jumped back the instant they met, recovering quickly and charging in once more.’
      • ‘They charge forward, launching their strongest and most long-range attacks possible.’
      • ‘He charged forward at the warriors, who prepared to attack.’
      • ‘The game really sprang into life in the last quarter as skipper Scott Hutton charged forward for Hawks.’
      • ‘On the trail, charging forward at the front of their expedition, the old man had barely bothered to look back at them.’
      • ‘In an instant he rushed across the street, and Brigg charged forward to meet him, grasping the hilt of his sword in both hands.’
      • ‘Eventually he began charging forward and backing me up.’
      • ‘He charged forward and prepared to attack when the man held up his hands.’
      • ‘Some of Edmonds's men were charging forward, running flat out, on foot or on horses, pausing to shoot toward the ridge.’
      • ‘His strength lies in his ability to charge forward and get into good scoring positions - and he showed it in the second-half of this game.’
      • ‘His legs worked on their own, charging forward with abandon.’
      • ‘The leader growled angrily, charging forward only to be restrained by his guards.’
      • ‘Much of the game can be made much easier via the use of stealth and sneak attacks, rather than charging forward.’
      • ‘He turned back to the men on horses, who were charging forward.’
      • ‘The Marines quickly began charging up the stairs, reaching the final level unchallenged.’
      • ‘Men around him took up the cry, charging forward with fear-stricken courage.’
      • ‘The second I did so, Anthony charged forward and the fight began.’
  • 6Heraldry
    Place a heraldic bearing on.

    ‘a pennant argent, charged with a cross gules’
    • ‘Two other variations are known, one for Woolcot with a chief charged with a cross between two fleur-de-lis, and one for Woolcott with the shield red and a chief with a fleur-de-lis between two red crosses.’
    • ‘Another illumination also illustrating Combat des Trentes shows the Breton-French knights with a narrow, forked white oriflam, charged with a cross couped.’
    • ‘The Duke of Kent had his label charged with a cross gules between two fleurs-de-lis azure.’


  • 1A price asked for goods or services.

    ‘our standard charge for a letter is £25’
    • ‘Perhaps there were too few passengers for it to make economic sense, or maybe there were squabbles over the price of landing charges.’
    • ‘She said the £30 fee was a standard charge for the removal of vermin, but the service was free to residents on income support.’
    • ‘Parents will have to pay a small charge for the service - with the price still to be decided.’
    • ‘I do pay the authority a good amount per year in services and other charges.’
    • ‘Increased charges for some council services will generate an extra £130,000.’
    • ‘Most ticket agents will add booking fees/administration charges to the price of the ticket.’
    • ‘New sewerage treatment plants have already resulted in dramatic increases in water services charges in Dublin and other counties.’
    • ‘For a year she has refused to pay the £8 a week charge for the service, claiming she does not need or want it.’
    • ‘The tax was a flat-rate charge for local services levied on all adults over the area, although the government reserved the power to cap it in each authority.’
    • ‘It lists all the main banks, their charges and services and will be updated every six months.’
    • ‘There would be a charge for that service, he conceded, but the Minister emphasised that personal data would not be passed on.’
    • ‘Most of it will be free but there will be a charge for certain services.’
    • ‘There should be a local charge for such services.’
    • ‘Even significant increases in fuel prices, parking charges and so on, seem to have little long-term impact on our choice of travel mode.’
    • ‘However, there is no standard charge for this service and it can be as little as a few euros in the case of certain Irish banks.’
    • ‘However, the charges for the nursing services were negligible at the time and the institute had to struggle against recurring deficits.’
    • ‘With a threatened increase in charges for refuse removal services the situation could get worse, as it has done before, after price increases.’
    • ‘Charges are 25p plus whatever the charge is from your service provider.’
    • ‘My guess is there's an additional charge for this service.’
    • ‘It also features several other services for a small charge.’
    fee, price, tariff, amount, sum, figure, fare, rate, payment, toll, levy
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    1. 1.1 A financial liability or commitment.
      ‘an asset of some £102.7 m should have been taken as a charge on earnings’
      • ‘United is likely to benefit from falling depreciation charges.’
      • ‘Domestic users have escaped the net due to the political sensitivity of imposing a charge on consumers.’
      • ‘In both cases, large foreign banks will underwrite these borrowings and take a charge on its assets.’
      • ‘And if its depreciation charge is massively overstated its profits are massively understated.’
      • ‘Because of this decision, they will be taking a charge on the loss of its investment in its operations.’
      • ‘A receiver can be appointed to a firm by a creditor, usually a bank, whose debt has been secured by a charge on some or all of the company's assets.’
      • ‘At that point, the bank had registered a charge on the sites.’
      • ‘Check the charges applied by your financial institution in advance.’
      • ‘After that, all the previously listed finance charges will apply.’
      • ‘Businesses did not make explicit depreciation charges against their revenues during this period.’
      • ‘He owns some property, you see, and council has the power to either force its sale or put a charge on it so that when it is eventually sold they can reclaim their money.’
      • ‘A charge on uncalled share capital leaves the company with the right to make calls, and this may properly be regarded as analogous to a right to collect book debts.’
  • 2An accusation, typically one formally made against a prisoner brought to trial.

    ‘he appeared in court on a charge of attempted murder’
    • ‘But a Chelmsford Crown Court jury convicted him after a trial on a charge of wounding with intent.’
    • ‘But she was convicted on a charge of arson after a trial at Chelmsford Crown Court.’
    • ‘They presented the indictment and brought the charges on behalf of the Commonwealth.’
    • ‘On the actual day of the murder, he had been arrested and taken into the lock-up on a charge of a very petty theft.’
    • ‘Therefore, the traditional approach might be that he should face his trial again on a charge of murder rather than manslaughter.’
    • ‘Under this legislation some men have languished in prisons for almost two years now without charge or trial.’
    • ‘Three years ago I spent two months in Holloway prison awaiting trial on a charge of receiving stolen goods.’
    • ‘Sixteen people have been detained under the Act, all in high security prisons without charge or trial.’
    • ‘There are around 30,000 detainees in prisons without charge or trial.’
    • ‘He subsequently pleaded guilty to failing to stop and to render assistance, but then stood trial on the charge of causing death by dangerous driving.’
    • ‘First and foremost, the legislation provides for extensive detention without charge or trial, on the flimsiest of pretexts.’
    • ‘He was already in custody on a charge of stealing.’
    • ‘It is used to detain without charge or trial any voices of dissent.’
    • ‘A Taranaki farming couple have been fined and a regional council candidate fined and given community service on pollution charges.’
    • ‘He has been detained without charge or trial in the jail for the last 15 months.’
    • ‘At his trial, on a charge of refusing to provide a breath sample, the accused was acquitted.’
    • ‘It is conceded that there was sufficient evidence to commit each accused to trial on a charge of second degree murder.’
    • ‘After spending ten years in Belmarsh prison without charge or trial, the home office has agreed to an extradition request from France.’
    • ‘They have been held in the prison camp for up to three years without charge or trial.’
    • ‘His party has protested the cruel and unlawful detention without charge or trial of two citizens by the military.’
    accusation, allegation, indictment, arraignment, citation, imputation
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  • 3mass noun Responsibility for the care or control of someone or something.

    ‘the people in her charge are pupils and not experimental subjects’
    • ‘Clearly, to Ray and Barbara, caring for the rare and precious birds in their charge is a lot more than a job.’
    • ‘I cannot ever stop being a teacher even when I am not officially working as I genuinely care about those in my charge.’
    • ‘We are inadvertently injuring those who are placed in our charge by continuing to use this archaic method of patient handling.’
    • ‘The two banks in his charge have many more rural outlets in the agricultural heartlands than most of their rivals, and in some cases they remain the only banks left in remote villages.’
    • ‘He casts an experienced herder's eye over the animals now in his charge.’
    • ‘How do they teach these skills not only to their young adult counseling staff, but also to the children and youth in their charge?’
    • ‘It was obvious that the school-age kids placed in his charge for the duration of the strike wanted nothing more than to return to class and their regular routines.’
    • ‘That resulted in her losing complete control and the ability to care for the animals in her charge.’
    • ‘He left the business in my charge whenever he had to leave home.’
    • ‘My cousin has gone to Canada for three weeks and left her car in my charge.’
    • ‘He is worried about the health of the souls in his charge.’
    • ‘I had the distinct feeling that they weren't all that interested in, or appreciative of, the heritage in their charge.’
    • ‘But I got to live the dream today regardless, with two nephews left in my charge temporarily.’
    • ‘As a French bioethicist has recently argued, physicians have, first and above all, to respect the rights of the patients in their charge.’
    • ‘I confronted several of the teachers present over what I considered the abuse of students in their charge.’
    • ‘It also mirrors the commitment and dedication of our staff to uphold the fundamental principles of equality and fair play to all in their charge.’
    • ‘If she did then she would be punished and unable to protect the ones in her charge.’
    • ‘He has more power over us than we have over those given in our charge.’
    • ‘The majority of the teachers really care about their profession and care about the children in their charge.’
    • ‘Not just a few reports, but visits by him and the theater commanders to every confinement facility in their charge.’
    care, protection, safe keeping, keeping, supervision, surveillance, control, handling
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    1. 3.1count noun A person or thing entrusted to the care of someone.
      ‘the babysitter watched over her charges’
      • ‘Now the servants came and awoke her, ran her a bath, and set out her clothing for the day before departing to take care of their other charges.’
      • ‘He did not have much of his power back, but he was not willing to stand idly by while his charges were attacked.’
      • ‘We have high standards of care for our feline charges and provide full training for our volunteers within a friendly and supportive environment.’
      • ‘They were used for general escort duties, protecting their charges from pirates and other threats.’
      • ‘They did not have children but they adopted two of their charges and returned to fostering only when the children reached the ages of nine and 11.’
      • ‘Lorimer believes the players' clubs have a duty of care to their young charges.’
      • ‘To the babysitter's probable surprise, her charge was plucked out of the crowd and cast as one of the chirpy orphans.’
      • ‘The former manager has obviously worked hard with his charges and they have responded in style.’
      • ‘She was held in the highest regard and usually got whatever she wanted or needed to care for her charges.’
      • ‘The maid seems as devotedly attached to her charge as a foster mother could be.’
      • ‘It was the chaperone's responsibility to ensure that her charge was happy.’
      • ‘Critics say a common theme has been the failure to exercise a duty of care for its young charges and a failure to crack down on bullying.’
      • ‘We ought to assume that the vast majority of teachers also care deeply about their charges.’
      ward, protégé, dependant
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    2. 3.2dated count noun A responsibility or duty assigned to someone.
      ‘I have therefore laid down the charge which was placed upon me’
      • ‘In our charge to domesticate this continent, we missed a few pockets of wildness where risk still dwells.’
      • ‘In 1922, the hospital was converted into a county home for the aged and infirm and the entire charge and control of the hospital was given to the Sisters.’
      • ‘The new rector of the Scottish Episcopal Church in Orkney, Reverend Alison Duff, was installed into her charge at a service in Kirkwall on Wednesday night.’
      • ‘That would be a charge and responsibility for which the historical evidence shows they are uniquely qualified.’
      duty, responsibility, task, job, obligation, assignment, mission, business, concern, function, burden, onus
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    3. 3.3count noun An official instruction, especially one given by a judge to a jury regarding points of law.
      ‘the judge gave a painstakingly careful charge to the jury’
      • ‘At four o'clock the Judge began his charge to the Jury.’
      • ‘His charge to the jury now is on Monday, after which it will retire to consider verdicts.’
      • ‘His Honour's charge to the jury in this case was based upon what they thought they should do, what was reasonable.’
      instruction, direction, directive, order, command, dictate, injunction, exhortation, mandate
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  • 4The property of matter that is responsible for electrical phenomena, existing in a positive or negative form.

    • ‘This leaves the remains of the atoms with a positive charge and creates freely flowing electrons, which are negatively charged.’
    • ‘Also, protons have a positive charge and the more there are the greater the strain on the nucleus due to the repulsion between them.’
    • ‘This method uses positrons, elementary particles with the mass of an electron but a positive charge.’
    • ‘Earth scientists encounter elements mainly in their ionic forms, where they carry a positive or a negative charge.’
    • ‘Sodium ions have a positive and chloride ions a negative charge.’
    • ‘Electrons have a negative charge, and the two Polar Regions tend to attract them.’
    • ‘The first anti-matter particle discovered was the positron, which has a mass similar to an electron but with a positive charge.’
    • ‘Acidic lipids enhance the adsorption of positive ions due to their negative charge.’
    • ‘Water molecules are not only attracted to each other, but to any molecule with positive or negative charges.’
    • ‘Elementary physics tells us that positive and negative charges attract.’
    • ‘The linking force is electric: one of the atoms has a positive charge, the other a negative one.’
    • ‘Rutherford proposed that it is made up of subatomic particles bearing a positive charge.’
    • ‘We take as givens the forces of gravity, the laws of nature, the ideas that an electron has a negative charge and the protons a positive charge.’
    1. 4.1 The quantity of matter responsible for electrical phenomena carried by a body.
      • ‘If you add up the charges in the proton and neutron, you will find they are the observed values.’
      • ‘The ions in the crystal lattice cannot move very much without disturbing the overall balance between negative and positive charges.’
      • ‘When the balloon is held up to a wall, the negative charge causes the electrons in the wall to move away from the area.’
      • ‘Then they attached metal electrodes to either end of the glass filter, where the positive and negative charges would be created.’
      • ‘There is a slight separation between the positive and negative charges, causing a small electric dipole in each cell.’
      • ‘The size of the negative charge depends on how good a reducing agent the metal is.’
      • ‘Positive charges from the gold electrode then flood the material to neutralize the electrons.’
      • ‘The end result is that the masses and charges of elementary particles are dependent on the momentum scale at which they are measured.’
      • ‘Since nuclei carry positive electrical charges, they normally repel one another.’
      • ‘That gives the surface of the tube a positive charge, which attracts negative ions in the water.’
      • ‘This symmetry translates into the existence of a conservation law for charge; electrical charge can be neither created nor destroyed.’
      • ‘When the negative charge from the cloud connects with these positive charges rising from the ground, a bright flash occurs.’
      • ‘Without them the positive charges of nuclei would repel each other, and the world would be a much simpler place.’
      • ‘Electrical charges can be of two different kinds, positive or negative.’
      • ‘Positive charges shoot high, while negative charges hang low.’
      • ‘It also causes a certain amount of electric charge to accumulate.’
      • ‘Antiparticles have opposite charges and certain other quantum properties of opposite sign.’
      • ‘The atmospheric electrical system is sustained by naturally occurring processes which exchange and release electric charge.’
      • ‘On the other hand, water is a polar substance which is made up of one positive and one negative charge, and therefore is a fragmented substance.’
      • ‘The magnitude of the positive charge can be greater than that of the negative charge, or vice versa.’
      • ‘When a voltage is applied to a semiconductor, a positive charge forms at one terminal and a negative charge at the other.’
      • ‘We experience movement of charge in the electric current in wires.’
    2. 4.2mass noun Energy stored chemically for conversion into electricity.
      • ‘Now you can store up a nice high voltage charge on some caps and put them to use.’
      • ‘Ampk induces a cascade of events within cells in response to the ever changing energy charge of the cell.’
      • ‘The results are fundamental for understanding the flow of heat and electrical charge in carbon nanostructures.’
      • ‘The adenylate energy charge decreased only slightly and stabilized at rather high values in all species.’
      • ‘The amount of available energy can be represented by the adenylate energy charge.’
      • ‘The higher the value is the more electric charge can be stored, thereby indicating that a substance is superior as a condenser material.’
      • ‘The flash circuit stores this high-voltage charge in a large capacitor.’
      • ‘As the spark gap breaks down it conducts the high voltage charge directly in the high voltage inductor coil which forms the primary circuit of the high voltage Tesla coils.’
      • ‘Electrical charge is then carried by ions in solution in the porewater.’
      • ‘From the latter it is clear that cell energy charge is a key factor in regulating carbon flow through the TCA cycle.’
      • ‘Sometimes, capacitors are used to store charge for high-speed use.’
    3. 4.3 An act or period of storing electrical energy in a battery.
    4. 4.4informal in singular A thrill.
      ‘I get a real charge out of working hard’
      • ‘Personally, I get a real charge from a lengthy shopping trip.’
      • ‘I get a real charge out of stepping on the scale each morning to check my progress.’
      • ‘I get a real charge out of doing in-depth research that answers interesting questions.’
  • 5A quantity of explosive to be detonated in order to fire a gun or similar weapon.

    ‘smaller charges, fired on three minute fuses lit by hand’
    • ‘After shooting one aircraft down, the crew detonated demolition charges and set fire to the ship to prevent its capture.’
    • ‘Modern land mines may be an encased charge of explosive or may contain a chemical agent or incendiary device.’
    • ‘In addition, if things get really bad, an emergency button under a safety cover will fire explosive charges, which blow out the windscreen to provide an emergency exit.’
    • ‘The rebel soldiers placed explosive charges around the building during the 22-hour revolt.’
    • ‘Apparently, they made their way into the basement, planted explosive charges, and detonated them.’
    • ‘The bomb squad detonated the charge, destroying the car.’
    • ‘When the lifting charge fires to launch the shell, it lights the shell's fuse.’
    • ‘The signal to begin might be a mine explosion or a demolition charge.’
    • ‘Now Sam trained them to use explosives, to lay charges of dynamite and use rifles.’
    • ‘What they were successful in doing was setting off enough explosive charges to demolish the entire cavern.’
    • ‘Men fire blank charges during mock battles intended to guide the spirit of the deceased onto the path to the afterlife.’
    • ‘A few hours later, troops blew up the house with explosive charges.’
    • ‘Firstly, you are going to need some plastic explosives and a charge.’
    • ‘Both got their weapons ready as their charge shook the ground beneath them.’
    • ‘On striking the ground, the impact fuse fires a small charge of smokeless powder, blowing the main body of the grenade back into the air.’
    • ‘The result was a small explosion from the charge.’
    • ‘No building remains intact, after they were blown up with explosive charges.’
    • ‘Officials detonated three sets of explosive charges on board, and the 2,500-ton vessel slowly sank below the surface.’
    • ‘That is the first and last time I am ever going to use an explosive charge to perform a bullet hit like that.’
    • ‘It has two modes of fire that can either lob the charge or fire it like a dart with a delayed explosion.’
    bullet, round, shell, shot, casing
    View synonyms
  • 6A headlong rush forward, typically in attack.

    ‘a cavalry charge’
    • ‘Finally, don't forget that Alexander offers you a rare treat: the chance to see an Oxford don leading a cavalry charge.’
    • ‘Raymond broke forward into a charge, drawing his sword back for the first strike.’
    • ‘Distracted by the charge forward and the action with the enemy scout, both flanking groups were unaware of the drama which had developed behind us.’
    • ‘They were then moved to the right to strengthen that flank, at noon, then forward to help repel French cavalry charges at 15.30.’
    • ‘Don't miss Josh's first-hand account of a cavalry charge, in which the assembled anarchists fare poorly.’
    • ‘The rider muttered something, looking down at the horse, still not seeing the wolves, and urged his charge forward.’
    • ‘It was McIntyre's ninth goal of the season and sparked the football team into a headlong charge at the Livingston goal.’
    • ‘Whether the men mistook my charge for a frenzied attack or not, they fled from me, allowing me to reach the body safely.’
    • ‘A perceived threat is challenged with a headlong charge and a fierce bite, and I was obviously seen as a threat.’
    • ‘This prompted the French to attack with a cavalry charge.’
    • ‘There had been a demonstration the day before that ended in a charge on the governors' mansion, but it had not led to major militia fighting.’
    • ‘Chabert's regiment led a cavalry charge against the Russian onslaught and turned the tide of battle for Napoleon.’
    attack, assault, offensive, onslaught, offence, drive, push, thrust, onrush, sortie, sally, swoop, foray, raid, invasion, incursion, campaign
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  • 7Heraldry
    A device or bearing placed on a shield or crest.

    • ‘This is one of the most highly regarded charges among royalty and those of nobility.’
    • ‘Heraldic objects are of a large and increasing variety; as more arms are devised, new objects appear as charges.’
    • ‘The swan is found in heraldry as a charge, a crest, supporters, and as a badge.’
    insignia, regalia, badge, emblem, ensign, device, heraldic device, coat of arms, arms, armorial bearing, escutcheon, shield
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  • free of charge

    • Without any payment due.

      ‘a Certificate of Posting is available free of charge at the counter’
      • ‘A number of parking bays will also be available free of charge on Sundays to allow churchgoers to use them.’
      • ‘All the reports will be available free of charge to anyone with access to the Internet.’
      • ‘This book is available free of charge to people who have used the Centre over the past decade.’
      • ‘That is why we wanted to make the standards available free of charge on the Internet.’
      • ‘The scheme is available free of charge only to people on very low incomes with minimal capital.’
      free, gratis, complimentary, voluntary, volunteer, unpaid, unrewarded, unsalaried, free of charge, without charge, for nothing, at no cost, without payment
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  • in charge

    • In control or with overall responsibility.

      ‘he was in charge of civil aviation matters’
      • ‘They are extremely fortunate to have such a model professional as Richard in charge.’
      • ‘Hodkin said that he had been in charge of the controls when the two had been on the scooter earlier in the day.’
      • ‘She will also be in charge of a council chamber where no party has overall control.’
      • ‘The Director is in charge, and is responsible for the look and feel of any production.’
      • ‘Donna and Vince are in charge of the overall running of the pub and have been in charge for just over a year.’
      responsible for, in control of, at the helm of, in the driving seat of, at the wheel of
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  • press charges

    • Accuse someone formally of a crime so that they can be brought to trial.

      ‘the victims often refuse to press charges’
      • ‘Even if I did hate him, I couldn't bring myself to press charges against my foster father.’
      • ‘She refused to press charges so he escaped with a suspended sentence, and a short spell in a psychiatric hospital.’
      • ‘The public prosecutors pressed charges and the case was under process awaiting trial.’
      • ‘He has pressed charges and is awaiting a trial date.’
      • ‘I would wait for him to actually steal files so we could press charges on that crime, too.’
  • put someone on a charge of something

    • Charge someone with a specified offence.

      ‘he should be put on a charge of perjury’
      • ‘My stoker was put on a charge of neglect of duties and was given the option of taking the base commander's punishment or a court martial.’
      • ‘I was forever being put on a charge of one sort or another and came close to be sent to Detention Quarters.’
      • ‘He was once put on a charge of ‘gross negligence’.’
  • take charge

    • Assume control or responsibility.

      ‘the candidate must take charge of an actual flight’
      • ‘Rather than taking charge and responsibility of the situation, one finds someone or something to blame.’
      • ‘She hesitated a moment, not used to taking charge or giving direction.’
      • ‘They will do so by learning from our mistakes, taking responsibility and taking charge.’
      • ‘In 1985 he passed the snooker refereeing exam and began taking charge in club and county matches.’
      • ‘A female referee will take charge of a York City match for the first time in the club's history tomorrow.’
      preside, preside over, take charge, be in charge, be in charge of, be responsible, be responsible for, direct, head, head up, manage, oversee, superintend, supervise, conduct, run, lead, chair, take the chair
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Middle English (in the general senses ‘to load’ and ‘a load’), from Old French charger (verb), charge (noun), from late Latin carricare, carcare ‘to load’, from Latin carrus ‘wheeled vehicle’.