One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
(in winemaking) the correction or improvement of must by the addition of calcium carbonate to neutralize acid, or of sugar to increase alcoholic strength.
- ‘Chaptalization is common in northern Europe, where grapes have to struggle to fully ripen.’
- ‘In France, for example, winemakers for centuries have used a process known as chaptalization, which is the addition of fermentable materials - including cane sugar!’
- ‘Not so many years ago the debate focused on chaptalization and acidification.’
- ‘The purists mock the practice of chapitalization and refer to it as cheating.’
Late 19th century: from the name of Jean A. Chaptal (1756–1832), the French chemist who invented the process, + -ization (see -ize).
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