Definition of chaparral in English:



mass nounNorth American
  • Vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs and thorny bushes.

    • ‘The tasting room has a glorious view of shining Lake Mendocino, set off by the dusty chaparral all around.’
    • ‘Also important are mountain tops or ‘sky islands,’ and in some cases deep, shady canyons, that support chaparral, woodlands, or other communities that are relics of more temperate periods.’
    • ‘The thick chaparral of a remote region in the Sespe Wilderness, part of the Los Padres National Forest, in Ventura, California, has concealed a lost herd of desert bighorn sheep for more than five years.’
    • ‘Wear long pants to protect your legs from the surrounding chaparral.’
    • ‘Less than eight inches tall, the annuals are inconspicuous, and were growing in a balding area between full chaparral and non-native grassland.’
    • ‘Ecologically, it's a transition zone between chaparral and yellow pine forest.’
    • ‘Birds and chipmunks feel right at home in this miniature oasis amid the dry chaparral of the Santa Cruz Mountains.’
    • ‘The Appalachian Mountains, Florida swamps, and Texas chaparral became the domain of armed bands of Southern deserters.’
    • ‘Parts of the golf course are adjacent to undeveloped chaparral.’
    • ‘Where chaparral was more evident the cypresses were smaller and scragglier.’
    • ‘We spend billions each year in futile attempts to prevent floodplains from flooding, barrier islands from migrating, chaparral from burning, and predators from predation.’
    • ‘In halting English his campfire host told about his dream of settling there amidst the oaks and chaparral, irrigating a vineyard and harvesting honey.’
    • ‘The return trip is all downhill on a sloping hillside of coastal scrub and chaparral.’
    • ‘They are moving incredibly quickly through dried brush and chaparral that practically explode when they ignite, threatening the life of any firefighter nearby.’
    • ‘In California, the chaparral and coastal sage shrubs form excellent cover for rodents, rabbits, and birds.’
    • ‘This species lives exclusively in or near sandy soils within coastal dune and scrub communities and maritime chaparral.’
    • ‘Farther upland, usually between 3,000 and 5,000 feet, is chaparral, where scrub oaks, manzanitas, and various other shrubs join cacti and yuccas.’
    • ‘After years of intense grazing, existing chaparral and coastal scrub communities were largely replaced by nonnative grasses.’
    • ‘They prefer grasslands, chaparral, and scrub oak areas to forage for food.’
    • ‘Their land is fairly remote, tucked away from customary life on undulating hills and drainage folds that are thickly wooded with live oak and chaparral.’
    undergrowth, underwood, scrub, scrubland, brushwood, bracken, bushes
    View synonyms


Mid 19th century: from Spanish, from chaparra ‘dwarf evergreen oak’.