Definition of chamber in English:

chamber

noun

  • 1A large room used for formal or public events.

    ‘a council chamber’
    • ‘He entered the council chamber and went to stand by a tall, leaded window.’
    • ‘Wisely reluctant to admit the rabble into her office, she set up camp first in the too-small government caucus room, and then in the resplendent old legislative chamber.’
    • ‘From diplomatic circles to newspapers around the world to legislative chambers, there is a debate going on.’
    • ‘A political storm blew up in the Town Council's chamber during the estimates meeting.’
    • ‘Due to the winch meet, the main chamber takes on a completely different atmosphere to normal.’
    • ‘Several other regions are currently in the process of setting up their own chambers, and public chambers have even appeared in some cities.’
    • ‘In passing legislation in this chamber, if that legislation does not have a sunset clause we have to take that into consideration.’
    • ‘But, rather like the public debate in the Assembly chambers, it did not have quite the same intensity.’
    • ‘Although designed as a legislative chamber, its form had generated an extra function.’
    • ‘The move angered members in the chamber who wanted to debate demolition and public speakers who waited two hours and were not allowed to speak.’
    • ‘Away from the Schuman roundabout, however, in the council chambers and cabinet rooms, something very significant happened to Europe last week.’
    • ‘Of the country's 99 state legislative chambers, the GOP lost control of six and won only four from the Democrats.’
    • ‘But in the chaos of his old judicial chambers, anything could have happened.’
    • ‘He was attending a West Regional Authority meeting in Galway city chambers and missed all the excitement.’
    • ‘The last time they met in the crescent chamber, it was in funeral black, with Donald Dewar's seat left empty to mark their grief.’
    • ‘About 200 people are expected to take part in the event, which will be held in the council chamber and committee rooms at City Hall.’
    • ‘The barrier was erected to seal the main chamber from the public gallery.’
    • ‘At the moment we have no proper chambers to meet dignitaries coming into the town.’
    • ‘It was standing room only in council chambers where speakers, young and old, voiced their opposition to a liquor store opening in their neighbourhood.’
    • ‘More than 500 attended last year's sell-out dinner and more than 600 are now expected to attend what will be the biggest event in the regional chamber's history.’
    • ‘The idea behind this is to isolate the sound levels within the defined space of the chamber, and block out any external sound interference.’
    • ‘Such considerations cannot be material to the consideration of a planning application and serve to make subsequent debate in the Council chamber or Committee room meaningless.’
    • ‘The celebration will be held in the council chamber, in the Public Hall, Lee Lane, next Thursday.’
    • ‘The planning panel meets in the council chamber at Shipley Town Hall on Thursday from 10 am.’
    • ‘Using historical photographs, they restored the rotunda and legislative chamber to their original antebellum style.’
    • ‘The commission is scheduled to meet at 9 a.m. tomorrow in the 15th floor chambers of the City Hall Annex downtown.’
    • ‘Keith Joplin, chairman of the chamber, said the event aimed to help put the area on the map with the aid of its most famous culinary export.’
    • ‘His party essentially has legislative parity in both chambers.’
    • ‘The new courthouse features 14 courtrooms and judicial chambers for the U.S. District Court and the U.S. Magistrate.’
    • ‘The city's mayor later invited Di Canio and the Lazio and Roma squads to the city chambers to meet Holocaust survivors.’
    • ‘So, too, can citizens, peering down into the legislative chamber below.’
    • ‘Also present in the council chamber were teenagers in favour of the skate park.’
    • ‘These Republican governors are supported by same party control of both chambers of the legislature in four of the states, and of one legislative chamber in a further seven states.’
    • ‘After the meeting, the farmers staged a placard demonstration from the park to the corporation's Ramdass Street chamber, where they met with officials.’
    • ‘Mayor Charlie Cox hosted proceedings after chairing the first Council meeting in the new chambers, which are lined with timber and green carpet.’
    • ‘Crowded out… pool protesters fill the council chamber to bursting.’
    • ‘Eerie silence surrounds the Legco (legislative council) chamber as Leung pulls out a pack of tissues from her bag and wipes Tsang's eyes.’
    • ‘This means providing lifts, ramps and sufficient access into council rooms and chambers.’
    • ‘There will also be security measures installed in the public chamber but I can't reveal exactly what those will be.’
    • ‘It followed a similar incident the day before, when members of the Highworth Festival Committee were meeting in the chamber.’
    room, hall, assembly room, auditorium
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 One of the houses of a parliament.
      ‘the upper chamber’
      • ‘Technology, psychology and common sense was always a much more viable combination and one decidedly easier to come by than consensus in the chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘The first major government statement on Iraq was delivered in both chambers of parliament on 17 September 2002.’
      • ‘Two parliamentary chambers were created, and the President's term of office was extended to seven years.’
      • ‘Let us finally give meaning to national endeavour by having opposition, government and independent sanction this initiative in both chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘There's a dire need for redefining the constraints for both chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘From these ramps, visitors may look either at breathtaking views of the city outside or at the deputies chamber of parliament directly below.’
      • ‘By 1914 a leaky roof had caused extensive water damage, and portions of the plaster ceilings of the house and senate chambers had collapsed.’
      • ‘Labour will table another bill in 2007 proposing the total abolition of the peerage, making the upper house an all-appointed chamber.’
      • ‘Parliament was suspended today after five protesters got into the Commons chamber while MPs debated whether to ban hunting with dogs.’
      • ‘In the Spanish procedure a ratification of such an agreement has to be approved by both chambers of parliament before it is put to the signature of the King.’
      • ‘For the first time, the voices of our children will be heard as clearly in the chambers of Parliament as those of their older, taller and generally much louder fellow South Africans.’
      • ‘His encounters with Donald in the parliament debating chamber had noticeably failed to land the punches expected of him.’
      • ‘Both chambers of parliament must still confirm the new government, but this is virtually assured by the ruling coalition's clear majority.’
      • ‘The late Donald Dewar recognised this himself and even proposed that the House of Lords should be roped in as a revising chamber for the Scottish parliament.’
      • ‘The demonstrators were arrested in September after they stormed into the Commons chamber and brought the debate on a hunting ban to a halt.’
      • ‘In the chamber and in committee rooms of the Commons, Labour MP after Labour MP queued up to hammer the idea.’
      • ‘With unparalleled haste and without any great discussion, numerous changes to German law were rushed through both chambers of the German parliament just before Christmas.’
      • ‘The Old House of Keys is Tynwald's former parliamentary chamber, and has been restored to its mid-18 th-century glory.’
      • ‘Just moments before the haemophiliac's verbal outburst from the public gallery, the chamber had been packed for the debate on order of business.’
      • ‘After all, this is Parliament, a debating chamber, and a place where serious business is conducted.’
      legislature, legislative assembly, congress, senate, house, upper house, lower house, upper chamber, lower chamber, second chamber, convocation, diet, council, assembly, chamber of deputies
      View synonyms
  • 2archaic A private room, especially a bedroom.

    • ‘Meet me in my chambers after supper, I need urgently to know about my sister.’
    • ‘It was fairly early the next morning when the duke sent a messenger down to gather up the five and bring them back to his audience chamber to meet with him.’
    • ‘Then I went quickly to the king's chambers, escorted by the gentleman usher.’
    • ‘The four knights were immediately recognised as royal courtiers and ushered into the Archbishop's private chambers.’
    • ‘Opposite the door was another, leading into the King's more private chambers - his bedroom, place of worship and relaxing room.’
    bedroom, bedchamber, boudoir, room
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    1. 2.1chambersBritish Law Rooms used by a barrister or barristers, especially in the Inns of Court.
      • ‘This seems to have been his response to the creeping erosion of the square's residential character primarily by the spread of barristers' chambers.’
      • ‘But try as they may the attractive, hard-faced young lawyers are little more than a side-show in this series about a fictional barristers' chambers in Leeds.’
      • ‘The consumer may be king in a supermarket, but not in a barrister's chambers, an accountant's office, or a clinic.’
      • ‘They're barristers' chambers where, effectively, barristers work.’
      • ‘Even without legislation, the Bar Council is demanding 5 % ethnic representation in barristers' chambers.’
      accommodation, rooms, chambers, living quarters, quarters, apartments
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    2. 2.2Law A judge's office, where proceedings may be held if not required to be held in open court.
      • ‘If both prosecution and defence lawyers agree, the hearing can be held in the privacy of the judge's chambers, not in open court.’
      • ‘My wife & I got married in a judge's chambers in Santa Fe.’
      • ‘The judge leaves the chambers and the court breaks for lunch.’
      • ‘Suddenly the door leading from the judges' chambers were flung open without the usual ceremonies.’
      • ‘Courts sit in chambers or in open court generally merely as a matter of administrative convenience.’
  • 3An enclosed space or cavity.

    ‘a burial chamber’
    • ‘Lethal injection is utilized in 35 states and the gas chamber is used in 5 states.’
    • ‘Mackenzie eyed one of the torches spaced around the chamber.’
    • ‘Flowering dates of 15 plants kept in the nonheated greenhouse were compared to those of plants in the growth chambers.’
    • ‘An officer had to crawl through the narrow space leading to the chamber.’
    • ‘Trulli are centuries-old stone and masonry cottages built from cylindrical room-size chambers - each enclosed by conical stone roofs.’
    • ‘The centre provides a focal point for MS people offering a physiotherapy area, oxygen chamber, private meeting room and relaxing area for coffee mornings.’
    • ‘The heat nowhere near approaches the heat needed to melt lead, even in the enclosed chamber.’
    • ‘When installing gas fireplaces, water beaters and furnaces, select appliances with sealed combustion chambers.’
    • ‘Each Melibe was suspended by hooks from its dorsal integument in a chamber continuously perfused with natural seawater.’
    • ‘Held together with large screws and lit by bare light bulbs, these cramped quarters conflate domestic spaces with torture chambers.’
    • ‘A weaver bird uses its own body as a template as it builds the hemispherical egg chamber of its nest.’
    • ‘Finally, it is the day Carter has been waiting for all his life and he is delighted when he can officially open the burial chamber of Tutankhamun.’
    • ‘Since Dad smokes like a chimney stack, I suspect there's a big filtration unit or one of those clean room transition chambers between his quarters and the main house.’
    • ‘One feature of major taxonomic importance in the shell is the suture, which is the line along which the walls between the chambers meet the main shell wall.’
    • ‘Without these core skills, the citizen journalist merely fills an echo chamber.’
    • ‘Egyptologists say unlike treasures discovered in burial chambers in the Valley of the Kings at Luxor, no such trove has ever been found inside the three great Pyramids of Giza.’
    • ‘The slides were incubated for 30 min in a humidified chamber at room temperature.’
    • ‘Both parents help build the burrow and nest chamber, which is lined with leaves, twigs, and pebbles.’
    • ‘This year has heralded the completion of a four year project to upgrade a hypobaric chamber to meet Australian Standards.’
    • ‘Supplemental oxygen or pressurized portable hyperbaric chambers should be used if descent is delayed.’
    1. 3.1 A large underground cavern.
      • ‘Back underground the now seasoned tunnel fighters quickly despatch a zombie and another ghoul and then pause for elevenses in an underground chamber.’
      • ‘Eventually all the characters and the audience are gathered together in the largest of the underground chambers, and the story comes to a head.’
      • ‘His builders knew how to hew underground chambers without support, and they are still standing.’
      • ‘They were huddled in a small chamber several feet underground.’
      • ‘Leaf-cutter ant colonies of many millions can excavate room-sized underground chambers in which they cultivate fungus gardens.’
      • ‘Who cleans and changes the torches in all of their photogenic underground chambers?’
      • ‘The underground chamber has a 5m-high beehive-shaped ceiling and was probably a kind of temple.’
      • ‘An underground chamber can't be put on the back of a truck and moved out.’
      • ‘The main turbine and generator chamber is one of the largest underground chambers excavated by man.’
      • ‘The end was an underground chamber situated in a place in the earth's crust where geo-thermal energy will generate sufficient energy to keep me super-cooled.’
      • ‘Although the water is not recycled for other uses, it travels through underground chambers to be slowly reabsorbed into the ground.’
      • ‘The only light at the moment came from the hole above, but she switched on her flashlight and trained it on different parts of the underground chamber.’
      • ‘In the time of the Merovingian kings, the Pont de l' Alma was an underground chamber.’
      • ‘Morpheus the Cold was meditating in his underground chamber.’
      • ‘The underground chambers, known as sewer overflows, act as safety valves for the sewer network.’
      • ‘The underground chamber is actually a large cave, half-light reflecting off a channel of water in the centre of the cave.’
      • ‘Hope was rising last night that rescuers would soon break into the underground chamber where nine Pennsylvania coal miners have been trapped in a flooded mine shaft for almost four days.’
      • ‘The culprits entered, pulled open a grate to the underground chamber, but ignored Toscanini's coffin.’
      • ‘The tobacco, drying inside because sun-drying makes the smoke harsh, will be used in the kivas, or underground ceremonial chambers.’
      • ‘Underground chambers can still be seen here and it is possible that the Kali icon was originally housed in one of these, reached through the tunnels.’
    2. 3.2 The part of a gun bore that contains the charge.
      • ‘The chambers and bore are free of rust and pitting.’
      • ‘Cleaning the No.1 is a cinch because the chamber, bore and face of the breechblock are so accessible.’
      • ‘The gun was of unusual design, with a series of explosive charges placed in side chambers extending obliquely from the barrel along its length, rather like the ribs on a fish-bone.’
      • ‘The bores and chambers are chrome plated for corrosion resistance, and are excellently finished.’
      • ‘Pulling the ejector rod forward permits the barrel assembly to be pivoted bringing the ejector rod into position with chambers and loading gale.’
      • ‘The air is instantly full of bolts of energy as bot after bot leaps out of the chamber with weapons firing full bore.’
      • ‘A blow tube is a device used between shots during range work to soften the black powder fouling in the bore and chamber of the rifle.’
      • ‘The Boresnake is simple to use - drop the weighted pull cord from the chamber and through the bore.’
      • ‘When it arrived, I discovered that every other chamber was bored wrong and would not accept a round.’
      • ‘One of the faring pins is a different color so it is always easy to locate the empty chamber.’
      • ‘The bolt mass and the bullet weight work together to limit the amount the case is allowed to move out of the chamber while the bullet is still in the bore.’
      • ‘In the 15th century many guns were breech-loaders, the charge being packed in a chamber which was then slotted into the breech of the gun and held in place with wooden wedges.’
      • ‘The action is sound and the bore and chambers appear to be in new condition.’
      • ‘But it's a bit wider around and the casing chamber's more hollowed.’
      • ‘This leaves a good portion of that long neck fire formed to the chamber and helps in aligning the bullet with the bore.’
      • ‘Looking down bores and chambers, into locking lug recesses, inside loading dies and brass cases, isn't for the faint-of-heart.’
      • ‘The gauze mask is a good idea whenever you're brushing out chambers and bores.’
      • ‘After a few outings the firearm began to fail to eject the spent casing from the chamber.’
      • ‘The second combustion chamber has a reciprocating piston 15 mounted therein.’
      • ‘In a new tube, the mean factors affecting muzzle velocity are variations in the size of the powder chamber and the interior dimensions of the bore.’
    3. 3.3Biology A cavity in a plant, animal body, or organ.
      • ‘Within this order, incubation of eggs is effected in brood chambers formed by the carapace, except in laying resting eggs.’
      • ‘The two size classes discerned in the adult body chambers probably represent sexual dimorphs.’
      • ‘Unlike a human heart, which has two ventricles or pumping chambers, a reptile heart has only one.’
      • ‘A normal heart is divided into four hollow chambers, two on the right and two on the left.’
      • ‘Crocodilians' hearts have four chambers like mammals and birds, but there is a pore between the left and right ventricles which allows some mixing.’
      • ‘Be sure to grip the fruit firmly behind the eyes where the neck meets the seed chamber, failure to do so may result in the fruit biting you.’
      • ‘Some ammonites change considerably the shape of their terminal body chamber.’
      • ‘Potential egg layers were given 10 days in the oviposition chambers to oviposit.’
      • ‘If so, that would mean females would hold fertilized eggs in their gill chamber for four to five months.’
      • ‘The heart has four chambers - two atria and two ventricles.’
      compartment, cavity, hollow, pocket, cell
      View synonyms
  • 4Music
    as modifier Of or for a small group of instruments.

    ‘a chamber concert’
    • ‘A cast of more than 30 dancers will perform accompanied by a chamber orchestra.’
    • ‘The orchestra was founded in 1951 by eight soloists from the most highly respected Viennese orchestras and chamber music ensembles.’
    • ‘I was first violinist of a chamber orchestra, played the cello in Vienna.’
    • ‘Then I started singing in the chamber choir in high school and that was my favorite.’
    • ‘Yet I have found interest in individual guitar family instruments for use in guitar duos, or chamber music ensembles.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Place (a bullet) into the chamber of a gun.

    ‘he chambered a fresh cartridge’
    • ‘The chance may come quickly and the noise of chambering a round can blow your cover.’
    • ‘Remington began chambering its model 722 for the new round in 1950.’
    • ‘A spring in the stock shoves the bolt carrier forward, picking up a fresh shell from the magazine and chambering it.’
    • ‘He remembered something from boy-scout camp about having to chamber a bullet in an automatic before you could begin firing.’
    • ‘He had been setting up his gun on the terrace and was about to chamber the bullets when he felt a slight pin-prick on his shoulder.’
    • ‘Ruger not only had an advantage in bringing their double-action out at the right time, but they also built their gun around the cartridge, rather than chambering some existing model.’
    • ‘‘We need to get to the roof,’ said Roy, chambering a round into the .45 that he held.’
    • ‘He pulled back the mechanism and blew into it, sending a swirl of dust out the barrel before pushing a loaded clip in to the bottom and chambering a round to fire.’
    • ‘It was the unmistakable sound of a pump shotgun chambering a load.’
    • ‘He then closed the bolt chambering a round and decided to test the trigger pull.’
    • ‘Is there a problem chambering the Sharps for smokeless powder cartridges?’
    • ‘He reached in again and pulled out a fresh clip, inserting it in the gun and chambering a round.’
    • ‘He quickly snapped the pistol back together again, and then reloaded it, chambering a round.’
    • ‘Marlin lost no time chambering their Model 1893 for the new cartridge.’
    • ‘The gun was plagued with short cycles, which typically resulted in chambering a fresh round without re-cocking the hammer.’
    • ‘His dad had just finished chambering his last bullets.’
    • ‘She pulled back the slide, chambering one of her armor-piercing rounds.’
    • ‘They were halfway up the stairs when Nikolai placed his two wine bottles on the step above him, drew his pistol from his waist holster, and chambered a bullet.’
    • ‘He ejected the clips of his guns and inserted fresh ones, chambering a round into the breach of each pistol.’
    • ‘Each competitor is required to possess two sixguns, a lever gun chambering a sixgun cartridge, and a shotgun.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘private room’): from Old French chambre, from Latin camera ‘vault, arched chamber’, from Greek kamara ‘object with an arched cover’.

Pronunciation

chamber

/ˈtʃeɪmbə/