Definition of chamber in English:

chamber

noun

  • 1A large room used for formal or public events.

    ‘a council chamber’
    • ‘The celebration will be held in the council chamber, in the Public Hall, Lee Lane, next Thursday.’
    • ‘It was standing room only in council chambers where speakers, young and old, voiced their opposition to a liquor store opening in their neighbourhood.’
    • ‘But in the chaos of his old judicial chambers, anything could have happened.’
    • ‘The last time they met in the crescent chamber, it was in funeral black, with Donald Dewar's seat left empty to mark their grief.’
    • ‘These Republican governors are supported by same party control of both chambers of the legislature in four of the states, and of one legislative chamber in a further seven states.’
    • ‘Crowded out… pool protesters fill the council chamber to bursting.’
    • ‘Eerie silence surrounds the Legco (legislative council) chamber as Leung pulls out a pack of tissues from her bag and wipes Tsang's eyes.’
    • ‘Mayor Charlie Cox hosted proceedings after chairing the first Council meeting in the new chambers, which are lined with timber and green carpet.’
    • ‘A political storm blew up in the Town Council's chamber during the estimates meeting.’
    • ‘Also present in the council chamber were teenagers in favour of the skate park.’
    • ‘Although designed as a legislative chamber, its form had generated an extra function.’
    • ‘There will also be security measures installed in the public chamber but I can't reveal exactly what those will be.’
    • ‘But, rather like the public debate in the Assembly chambers, it did not have quite the same intensity.’
    • ‘Away from the Schuman roundabout, however, in the council chambers and cabinet rooms, something very significant happened to Europe last week.’
    • ‘This means providing lifts, ramps and sufficient access into council rooms and chambers.’
    • ‘More than 500 attended last year's sell-out dinner and more than 600 are now expected to attend what will be the biggest event in the regional chamber's history.’
    • ‘He was attending a West Regional Authority meeting in Galway city chambers and missed all the excitement.’
    • ‘It followed a similar incident the day before, when members of the Highworth Festival Committee were meeting in the chamber.’
    • ‘Keith Joplin, chairman of the chamber, said the event aimed to help put the area on the map with the aid of its most famous culinary export.’
    • ‘About 200 people are expected to take part in the event, which will be held in the council chamber and committee rooms at City Hall.’
    • ‘After the meeting, the farmers staged a placard demonstration from the park to the corporation's Ramdass Street chamber, where they met with officials.’
    • ‘The barrier was erected to seal the main chamber from the public gallery.’
    • ‘The idea behind this is to isolate the sound levels within the defined space of the chamber, and block out any external sound interference.’
    • ‘Such considerations cannot be material to the consideration of a planning application and serve to make subsequent debate in the Council chamber or Committee room meaningless.’
    • ‘He entered the council chamber and went to stand by a tall, leaded window.’
    • ‘The commission is scheduled to meet at 9 a.m. tomorrow in the 15th floor chambers of the City Hall Annex downtown.’
    • ‘Using historical photographs, they restored the rotunda and legislative chamber to their original antebellum style.’
    • ‘The city's mayor later invited Di Canio and the Lazio and Roma squads to the city chambers to meet Holocaust survivors.’
    • ‘At the moment we have no proper chambers to meet dignitaries coming into the town.’
    • ‘Wisely reluctant to admit the rabble into her office, she set up camp first in the too-small government caucus room, and then in the resplendent old legislative chamber.’
    • ‘Due to the winch meet, the main chamber takes on a completely different atmosphere to normal.’
    • ‘The new courthouse features 14 courtrooms and judicial chambers for the U.S. District Court and the U.S. Magistrate.’
    • ‘Several other regions are currently in the process of setting up their own chambers, and public chambers have even appeared in some cities.’
    • ‘Of the country's 99 state legislative chambers, the GOP lost control of six and won only four from the Democrats.’
    • ‘In passing legislation in this chamber, if that legislation does not have a sunset clause we have to take that into consideration.’
    • ‘From diplomatic circles to newspapers around the world to legislative chambers, there is a debate going on.’
    • ‘The planning panel meets in the council chamber at Shipley Town Hall on Thursday from 10 am.’
    • ‘So, too, can citizens, peering down into the legislative chamber below.’
    • ‘His party essentially has legislative parity in both chambers.’
    • ‘The move angered members in the chamber who wanted to debate demolition and public speakers who waited two hours and were not allowed to speak.’
    room, hall, assembly room, auditorium
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    1. 1.1 One of the houses of a parliament.
      ‘the upper chamber’
      • ‘After all, this is Parliament, a debating chamber, and a place where serious business is conducted.’
      • ‘Both chambers of parliament must still confirm the new government, but this is virtually assured by the ruling coalition's clear majority.’
      • ‘His encounters with Donald in the parliament debating chamber had noticeably failed to land the punches expected of him.’
      • ‘Two parliamentary chambers were created, and the President's term of office was extended to seven years.’
      • ‘In the chamber and in committee rooms of the Commons, Labour MP after Labour MP queued up to hammer the idea.’
      • ‘There's a dire need for redefining the constraints for both chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘The Old House of Keys is Tynwald's former parliamentary chamber, and has been restored to its mid-18 th-century glory.’
      • ‘For the first time, the voices of our children will be heard as clearly in the chambers of Parliament as those of their older, taller and generally much louder fellow South Africans.’
      • ‘The late Donald Dewar recognised this himself and even proposed that the House of Lords should be roped in as a revising chamber for the Scottish parliament.’
      • ‘Just moments before the haemophiliac's verbal outburst from the public gallery, the chamber had been packed for the debate on order of business.’
      • ‘The first major government statement on Iraq was delivered in both chambers of parliament on 17 September 2002.’
      • ‘With unparalleled haste and without any great discussion, numerous changes to German law were rushed through both chambers of the German parliament just before Christmas.’
      • ‘The demonstrators were arrested in September after they stormed into the Commons chamber and brought the debate on a hunting ban to a halt.’
      • ‘Parliament was suspended today after five protesters got into the Commons chamber while MPs debated whether to ban hunting with dogs.’
      • ‘From these ramps, visitors may look either at breathtaking views of the city outside or at the deputies chamber of parliament directly below.’
      • ‘Let us finally give meaning to national endeavour by having opposition, government and independent sanction this initiative in both chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘In the Spanish procedure a ratification of such an agreement has to be approved by both chambers of parliament before it is put to the signature of the King.’
      • ‘By 1914 a leaky roof had caused extensive water damage, and portions of the plaster ceilings of the house and senate chambers had collapsed.’
      • ‘Technology, psychology and common sense was always a much more viable combination and one decidedly easier to come by than consensus in the chambers of Parliament.’
      • ‘Labour will table another bill in 2007 proposing the total abolition of the peerage, making the upper house an all-appointed chamber.’
      legislature, legislative assembly, congress, senate, house, upper house, lower house, upper chamber, lower chamber, second chamber, convocation, diet, council, assembly, chamber of deputies
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  • 2archaic A private room, especially a bedroom.

    • ‘It was fairly early the next morning when the duke sent a messenger down to gather up the five and bring them back to his audience chamber to meet with him.’
    • ‘The four knights were immediately recognised as royal courtiers and ushered into the Archbishop's private chambers.’
    • ‘Opposite the door was another, leading into the King's more private chambers - his bedroom, place of worship and relaxing room.’
    • ‘Meet me in my chambers after supper, I need urgently to know about my sister.’
    • ‘Then I went quickly to the king's chambers, escorted by the gentleman usher.’
    bedroom, bedchamber, boudoir, room
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    1. 2.1chambersBritish Law Rooms used by a barrister or barristers, especially in the Inns of Court.
      • ‘Even without legislation, the Bar Council is demanding 5 % ethnic representation in barristers' chambers.’
      • ‘This seems to have been his response to the creeping erosion of the square's residential character primarily by the spread of barristers' chambers.’
      • ‘They're barristers' chambers where, effectively, barristers work.’
      • ‘The consumer may be king in a supermarket, but not in a barrister's chambers, an accountant's office, or a clinic.’
      • ‘But try as they may the attractive, hard-faced young lawyers are little more than a side-show in this series about a fictional barristers' chambers in Leeds.’
      accommodation, rooms, chambers, living quarters, quarters, apartments
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    2. 2.2Law A judge's office, where proceedings may be held if not required to be held in open court.
      • ‘Suddenly the door leading from the judges' chambers were flung open without the usual ceremonies.’
      • ‘Courts sit in chambers or in open court generally merely as a matter of administrative convenience.’
      • ‘My wife & I got married in a judge's chambers in Santa Fe.’
      • ‘If both prosecution and defence lawyers agree, the hearing can be held in the privacy of the judge's chambers, not in open court.’
      • ‘The judge leaves the chambers and the court breaks for lunch.’
  • 3An enclosed space or cavity.

    ‘a burial chamber’
    • ‘The slides were incubated for 30 min in a humidified chamber at room temperature.’
    • ‘Mackenzie eyed one of the torches spaced around the chamber.’
    • ‘Both parents help build the burrow and nest chamber, which is lined with leaves, twigs, and pebbles.’
    • ‘One feature of major taxonomic importance in the shell is the suture, which is the line along which the walls between the chambers meet the main shell wall.’
    • ‘The centre provides a focal point for MS people offering a physiotherapy area, oxygen chamber, private meeting room and relaxing area for coffee mornings.’
    • ‘Trulli are centuries-old stone and masonry cottages built from cylindrical room-size chambers - each enclosed by conical stone roofs.’
    • ‘An officer had to crawl through the narrow space leading to the chamber.’
    • ‘Each Melibe was suspended by hooks from its dorsal integument in a chamber continuously perfused with natural seawater.’
    • ‘When installing gas fireplaces, water beaters and furnaces, select appliances with sealed combustion chambers.’
    • ‘Since Dad smokes like a chimney stack, I suspect there's a big filtration unit or one of those clean room transition chambers between his quarters and the main house.’
    • ‘The heat nowhere near approaches the heat needed to melt lead, even in the enclosed chamber.’
    • ‘Held together with large screws and lit by bare light bulbs, these cramped quarters conflate domestic spaces with torture chambers.’
    • ‘Egyptologists say unlike treasures discovered in burial chambers in the Valley of the Kings at Luxor, no such trove has ever been found inside the three great Pyramids of Giza.’
    • ‘Lethal injection is utilized in 35 states and the gas chamber is used in 5 states.’
    • ‘Flowering dates of 15 plants kept in the nonheated greenhouse were compared to those of plants in the growth chambers.’
    • ‘Supplemental oxygen or pressurized portable hyperbaric chambers should be used if descent is delayed.’
    • ‘This year has heralded the completion of a four year project to upgrade a hypobaric chamber to meet Australian Standards.’
    • ‘A weaver bird uses its own body as a template as it builds the hemispherical egg chamber of its nest.’
    • ‘Without these core skills, the citizen journalist merely fills an echo chamber.’
    • ‘Finally, it is the day Carter has been waiting for all his life and he is delighted when he can officially open the burial chamber of Tutankhamun.’
    1. 3.1 A large underground cavern.
      • ‘Back underground the now seasoned tunnel fighters quickly despatch a zombie and another ghoul and then pause for elevenses in an underground chamber.’
      • ‘Leaf-cutter ant colonies of many millions can excavate room-sized underground chambers in which they cultivate fungus gardens.’
      • ‘The main turbine and generator chamber is one of the largest underground chambers excavated by man.’
      • ‘The culprits entered, pulled open a grate to the underground chamber, but ignored Toscanini's coffin.’
      • ‘The underground chambers, known as sewer overflows, act as safety valves for the sewer network.’
      • ‘They were huddled in a small chamber several feet underground.’
      • ‘His builders knew how to hew underground chambers without support, and they are still standing.’
      • ‘The underground chamber has a 5m-high beehive-shaped ceiling and was probably a kind of temple.’
      • ‘Who cleans and changes the torches in all of their photogenic underground chambers?’
      • ‘The only light at the moment came from the hole above, but she switched on her flashlight and trained it on different parts of the underground chamber.’
      • ‘Underground chambers can still be seen here and it is possible that the Kali icon was originally housed in one of these, reached through the tunnels.’
      • ‘The tobacco, drying inside because sun-drying makes the smoke harsh, will be used in the kivas, or underground ceremonial chambers.’
      • ‘The end was an underground chamber situated in a place in the earth's crust where geo-thermal energy will generate sufficient energy to keep me super-cooled.’
      • ‘Although the water is not recycled for other uses, it travels through underground chambers to be slowly reabsorbed into the ground.’
      • ‘Hope was rising last night that rescuers would soon break into the underground chamber where nine Pennsylvania coal miners have been trapped in a flooded mine shaft for almost four days.’
      • ‘An underground chamber can't be put on the back of a truck and moved out.’
      • ‘Morpheus the Cold was meditating in his underground chamber.’
      • ‘The underground chamber is actually a large cave, half-light reflecting off a channel of water in the centre of the cave.’
      • ‘Eventually all the characters and the audience are gathered together in the largest of the underground chambers, and the story comes to a head.’
      • ‘In the time of the Merovingian kings, the Pont de l' Alma was an underground chamber.’
    2. 3.2 The part of a gun bore that contains the charge.
      • ‘The gauze mask is a good idea whenever you're brushing out chambers and bores.’
      • ‘After a few outings the firearm began to fail to eject the spent casing from the chamber.’
      • ‘The air is instantly full of bolts of energy as bot after bot leaps out of the chamber with weapons firing full bore.’
      • ‘In the 15th century many guns were breech-loaders, the charge being packed in a chamber which was then slotted into the breech of the gun and held in place with wooden wedges.’
      • ‘The bolt mass and the bullet weight work together to limit the amount the case is allowed to move out of the chamber while the bullet is still in the bore.’
      • ‘In a new tube, the mean factors affecting muzzle velocity are variations in the size of the powder chamber and the interior dimensions of the bore.’
      • ‘One of the faring pins is a different color so it is always easy to locate the empty chamber.’
      • ‘Looking down bores and chambers, into locking lug recesses, inside loading dies and brass cases, isn't for the faint-of-heart.’
      • ‘A blow tube is a device used between shots during range work to soften the black powder fouling in the bore and chamber of the rifle.’
      • ‘The Boresnake is simple to use - drop the weighted pull cord from the chamber and through the bore.’
      • ‘The second combustion chamber has a reciprocating piston 15 mounted therein.’
      • ‘The bores and chambers are chrome plated for corrosion resistance, and are excellently finished.’
      • ‘But it's a bit wider around and the casing chamber's more hollowed.’
      • ‘Pulling the ejector rod forward permits the barrel assembly to be pivoted bringing the ejector rod into position with chambers and loading gale.’
      • ‘This leaves a good portion of that long neck fire formed to the chamber and helps in aligning the bullet with the bore.’
      • ‘The gun was of unusual design, with a series of explosive charges placed in side chambers extending obliquely from the barrel along its length, rather like the ribs on a fish-bone.’
      • ‘When it arrived, I discovered that every other chamber was bored wrong and would not accept a round.’
      • ‘The chambers and bore are free of rust and pitting.’
      • ‘The action is sound and the bore and chambers appear to be in new condition.’
      • ‘Cleaning the No.1 is a cinch because the chamber, bore and face of the breechblock are so accessible.’
    3. 3.3Biology A cavity in a plant, animal body, or organ.
      • ‘Potential egg layers were given 10 days in the oviposition chambers to oviposit.’
      • ‘A normal heart is divided into four hollow chambers, two on the right and two on the left.’
      • ‘Within this order, incubation of eggs is effected in brood chambers formed by the carapace, except in laying resting eggs.’
      • ‘The two size classes discerned in the adult body chambers probably represent sexual dimorphs.’
      • ‘The heart has four chambers - two atria and two ventricles.’
      • ‘Crocodilians' hearts have four chambers like mammals and birds, but there is a pore between the left and right ventricles which allows some mixing.’
      • ‘Some ammonites change considerably the shape of their terminal body chamber.’
      • ‘If so, that would mean females would hold fertilized eggs in their gill chamber for four to five months.’
      • ‘Be sure to grip the fruit firmly behind the eyes where the neck meets the seed chamber, failure to do so may result in the fruit biting you.’
      • ‘Unlike a human heart, which has two ventricles or pumping chambers, a reptile heart has only one.’
      compartment, cavity, hollow, pocket, cell
      View synonyms
  • 4Music
    as modifier Of or for a small group of instruments.

    ‘a chamber concert’
    • ‘The orchestra was founded in 1951 by eight soloists from the most highly respected Viennese orchestras and chamber music ensembles.’
    • ‘Yet I have found interest in individual guitar family instruments for use in guitar duos, or chamber music ensembles.’
    • ‘Then I started singing in the chamber choir in high school and that was my favorite.’
    • ‘A cast of more than 30 dancers will perform accompanied by a chamber orchestra.’
    • ‘I was first violinist of a chamber orchestra, played the cello in Vienna.’

verb

[with object]
  • Place (a bullet) into the chamber of a gun.

    ‘he chambered a fresh cartridge’
    • ‘He pulled back the mechanism and blew into it, sending a swirl of dust out the barrel before pushing a loaded clip in to the bottom and chambering a round to fire.’
    • ‘He then closed the bolt chambering a round and decided to test the trigger pull.’
    • ‘He remembered something from boy-scout camp about having to chamber a bullet in an automatic before you could begin firing.’
    • ‘They were halfway up the stairs when Nikolai placed his two wine bottles on the step above him, drew his pistol from his waist holster, and chambered a bullet.’
    • ‘Each competitor is required to possess two sixguns, a lever gun chambering a sixgun cartridge, and a shotgun.’
    • ‘Marlin lost no time chambering their Model 1893 for the new cartridge.’
    • ‘He quickly snapped the pistol back together again, and then reloaded it, chambering a round.’
    • ‘He ejected the clips of his guns and inserted fresh ones, chambering a round into the breach of each pistol.’
    • ‘Ruger not only had an advantage in bringing their double-action out at the right time, but they also built their gun around the cartridge, rather than chambering some existing model.’
    • ‘He reached in again and pulled out a fresh clip, inserting it in the gun and chambering a round.’
    • ‘His dad had just finished chambering his last bullets.’
    • ‘Is there a problem chambering the Sharps for smokeless powder cartridges?’
    • ‘A spring in the stock shoves the bolt carrier forward, picking up a fresh shell from the magazine and chambering it.’
    • ‘Remington began chambering its model 722 for the new round in 1950.’
    • ‘It was the unmistakable sound of a pump shotgun chambering a load.’
    • ‘The gun was plagued with short cycles, which typically resulted in chambering a fresh round without re-cocking the hammer.’
    • ‘He had been setting up his gun on the terrace and was about to chamber the bullets when he felt a slight pin-prick on his shoulder.’
    • ‘The chance may come quickly and the noise of chambering a round can blow your cover.’
    • ‘She pulled back the slide, chambering one of her armor-piercing rounds.’
    • ‘‘We need to get to the roof,’ said Roy, chambering a round into the .45 that he held.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘private room’): from Old French chambre, from Latin camera ‘vault, arched chamber’, from Greek kamara ‘object with an arched cover’.

Pronunciation

chamber

/ˈtʃeɪmbə/