Definition of Chalcolithic in English:



  • 1Relating to or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennia BC, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character.

    Also called Eneolithic
    • ‘Communal feasting practices in Cyprus have a long pedigree, possibly stretching back into the Chalcolithic period, but were certainly established by the prehistoric Bronze Age.’
    • ‘There was a break in occupation, but the site was reoccupied in late Neolithic and Chalcolithic times.’
    • ‘Prehistoric finds are to be found in the same building, in the Musée d' Histoire Naturelle et de Préhistoire, notably several statue-menhirs from the Chalcolithic period.’
    • ‘Similarly, cattle husbandry was only introduced to the island during the Early Bronze Age, and faunal assemblages suggest that caprines and fallow deer were the main meat components of the Cypriot diet in the Chalcolithic period.’
    • ‘On the basis of available archaeological evidence, Chalcolithic feasting appears to have been conducted at a communal level.’
    1. 1.1as noun the Chalcolithic The Chalcolithic period.
      Also called Copper Age


Early 20th century: from Greek khalkos ‘copper’ + lithos ‘stone’ + -ic.