Definition of chair in English:

chair

noun

  • 1A separate seat for one person, typically with a back and four legs.

    • ‘He sank into the comfortable swivel chair behind the counter and put his feet up.’
    • ‘Tapping his fingers impatiently on the chair's armrest, Tom considered his options.’
    • ‘He gave me a playful grin and pulled out the chair next to him.’
    • ‘She wouldn't mind being in charge of a country if she got this kind of chair for her seat…’
    • ‘There was a lantern on the table providing illumination and the wooden folding chair was in front.’
    • ‘Unceremoniously, some number of thugs dragged me into an edifice and roughly seated me in a slight wooden chair.’
    • ‘His high-backed desk chair was facing away from him.’
    • ‘Cafe tables and chairs face a bench seat below a lowered ceiling that curves for an atmospheric effect.’
    • ‘We ordered a dining table and four chairs and were given a delivery time of two weeks.’
    • ‘The three of them sat in the wide wicker chairs on the front porch, watching as the sun set.’
    • ‘Notice your behavior the next time you and your colleagues sit in a conference room for four hours in straight-back chairs.’
    • ‘She moved away from Gabriel and to the nearest available chair, taking a seat.’
    • ‘Four navy blue upholstered chairs surrounded a wooden coffee table that had stacks of magazines on top.’
    • ‘Thus, canvas seating furniture was popular, as were caned chairs, sofas, cribs, and beds.’
    • ‘Cassandra walked around the metallic table and took her seat in Inspector Stone's abandoned chair.’
    • ‘Myra happily drove over, and within ten minutes the two were seated on lounge chairs in his bedroom, listening to a couple of CDs Myra had brought.’
    • ‘Sammy sat glumly in the comfy, high-backed chair in her room.’
    • ‘I found a mahogany dining table and four chairs in an antique shop on Francis Street.’
    • ‘I sat in my comfy swivel chair, contemplating in the dark.’
    • ‘She led me through the door into a smaller room containing a sofa and chairs with a beautiful desk and bookcase.’
    1. 1.1the chair
      short for electric chair
      • ‘In 1999, three of 98 executions made use of the chair.’
      • ‘At the trial the man is sent down for murder and seeing as it's Texas he's sent to the electric chair.’
      • ‘They fear this peaceful drug dealer and, because of this fear, they want him to die by the chair of electrocution.’
      • ‘One by one, states are pulling the plug on the chairs popularly known as Old Sparky.’
      electric chair
      View synonyms
  • 2The person in charge of a meeting or of an organization (used as a neutral alternative to chairman or chairwoman)

    ‘she's the chair of a research committee’
    • ‘He began the first meeting of task-force chairs.’
    • ‘There were three chairs, the chief rabbi, the president of Italy and the pope, all on three equal thrones.’
    • ‘The chair of the Supreme Administrative Court also said that the article should not be amended.’
    • ‘‘Mr Clark was the chair of the meeting and made a joke of this,’ Mr Morgan said.’
    • ‘A lay chair would oversee the council, while a medical president would preside over the executive board.’
    • ‘When the Mexican chair of the meeting declared the talks formally closed there were whoops of delight from the African delegates.’
    • ‘Deputy chair of Scottish Enterprise, he bangs the drum for business formation, pushing resources into the best growth prospects.’
    • ‘Not a breath, not hint of the idea that the Republican chair of the meeting was doing the disruption!’
    • ‘They changed the chair of the meeting each week so as to prevent anyone having charge of the rebellion.’
    • ‘Too often, however, the chair of an academic meeting is determined by status rather than skill.’
    • ‘Members will choose a new chair during the next meeting, scheduled for November 17th.’
    • ‘The chair of the meeting had to intervene to say that this debate would be revisited at the next conference and could we get back to the industrial stuff!’
    • ‘These manage policies in their areas and provide the chairs for interdepartmental meetings.’
    • ‘At the meetings standing committees and their chairs are elected and the deputy mayors are chosen.’
    • ‘The Tory college could consist of MPs, grassroots grandees consisting of constituency chairs and council leaders, and finally members.’
    • ‘At the start of the meeting chair Alison Sinclair stated there would be a chance for a motion to come from the floor and a vote taken.’
    • ‘Penny White, former town mayor and deputy chair of the governors, said everybody involved in the school had worked hard and played their part.’
    • ‘Questions to outline your own agenda or point of view are always appropriate when you are the presenter or the meeting chair.’
    • ‘Now he is back, retaining the party chair but taking charge of an enlarged interior ministry with the rank of deputy prime minister.’
    • ‘The princess is the chair of the sister organization in the United Kingdom.’
    chairperson, chairman, chairwoman, president, convener, spokesperson, spokesman, spokeswoman, leader, mc, master of ceremonies, mistress of ceremonies
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 The post of a chairperson.
      ‘he was due to step down after a three-year stint in the chair’
      • ‘She will preside as chair over the board of directors, executive committee and house of delegates.’
      • ‘My official university chair was clueless as to how to support my writing and research interests.’
      • ‘She was the first black female board chair of the Columbus Pacific Western Urban League.’
      • ‘He was glad that the position of chair would be held by a country from Eastern Europe, which understood the problems in the region, he said.’
      • ‘‘We have no powers to shut them down in the short term,’ the health board chair said.’
      • ‘The chair of the police authority, said Mr Richards had been picked from a ‘strong field’.’
      • ‘His career experienced a renaissance in 2002, when he became the chair of the Constitutional Convention of the EU.’
      • ‘Only DC Thomson in its Dundee stronghold has reserved its editors' chairs for Scotsmen.’
      • ‘There is one very interesting comment in the article from the school board vice chair.’
      • ‘Thus, presidents in Georgia do not report directly to a local board chair.’
      • ‘Britain must use its position as chair of the G8 and its presidency of the EU in 2005 to push real reform through those bodies.’
      • ‘Louie has been a member of the board of governors for the past five years and is currently board chair.’
      • ‘While he served as a councillor, he was also on the hospital board, serving as chair for one year.’
      • ‘Applications are also being sought for the key position of chair of the steering group and of the action group.’
      • ‘My interest in this subject is based on my experience as a community college board chair.’
      • ‘The principal speaker will be Edward Luttwak, with Professor Sir Michael Howard in the chair.’
      • ‘Tomlinson was appointed to the CPB by Bill Clinton and elected chair of its board in September 2003.’
      • ‘For the school board chair, the focus should be on the response behind the event.’
      • ‘He's done a great job in the chair all year - he was little bit nervous but I knew he could do it.’
      • ‘O'Rian wasn't elevated to chair of the local authority before now.’
      • ‘I served on the Board as chair of the Community Health section and for two terms as secretary of the Association.’
      • ‘Sir Marmaduke Hussey was chair of the BBC Board of Governors from 1986 to 1996.’
      • ‘Rehearsals are underway for this years production which sees Siobhan Leonard return to the Director's chair.’
      • ‘A contest for the chair was well sign posted in advance and resulted in a full house.’
      • ‘Notwithstanding his resignation as the board's chair, Perle's strategy may have worked.’
      chairperson, chairman, chairwoman, president, convener, spokesperson, spokesman, spokeswoman, leader, mc, master of ceremonies, mistress of ceremonies
      View synonyms
  • 3A professorship.

    ‘he held a chair in physics’
    • ‘From 1939 he occupied the chair of mathematics at Durham, a position he was to hold for 20 years.’
    • ‘She is chair and associate professor in the psychology department at Hampton University.’
    • ‘By the 1920's the German historical school was on its last legs but still ensconced in the professorial chairs.’
    • ‘Forty-nine are college professors, 10 are college department chairs and one has become a university president.’
    • ‘In a room full of students, college professors and department chairs, nervous laughter again followed.’
    • ‘Dr. Krishnan is chair and professor of psychiatry at Duke University Medical Center.’
    • ‘Dr. Freedman is chair and professor of psychiatry, emeritus at New York Medical College.’
    • ‘After three years in Rome, Beltrami moved to Pavia to take up the chair of mathematical physics there.’
    • ‘While we are unable to offer a professorial chair we cannot compete on a level playing field with the Universities.’
    • ‘Professor Marjorie Merryman is currently the chair of the Music Department.’
    • ‘He was born in Groningen while his father held the chair of mathematics there.’
    • ‘He will also hold a new endowed professorial chair in cancer and stem cell biology.’
    • ‘The Smiths' gift will be used for endowed chairs, professorships and student scholarships.’
    • ‘Donors' outright and deferred gifts also have funded 22 new faculty professorships and chairs.’
    • ‘Whittaker accepted the chair of pure mathematics at the University of Liverpool in 1933.’
    • ‘He did not stay very long in any place and after three years he was back in Graz, this time in the chair of experimental physics.’
    • ‘In 1912 he held the chair of theoretical physics at the German University of Prague.’
    • ‘Some schools have resorted to filling chairs with professors who hold doctorates in other fields.’
    • ‘In 1970 James was appointed to the famous chair of Savilian Professor of Geometry.’
    • ‘Next fall and at subsequent fall events, new appointees to named faculty chairs and professorships will be recognized.’
    professorship
    View synonyms
  • 4British A metal socket holding a rail in place on a railway sleeper.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Act as chairperson of or preside over (an organization, meeting, or public event)

    ‘the debate was chaired by the Archbishop of York’
    • ‘He is be formally known as the Mayor of the County of Kildare and will be addressed as Mayor when he chairs meetings of Kildare County Council and at all official functions.’
    • ‘The meeting was chaired by Mrs. Power, as the President was away.’
    • ‘I am chairing public meetings around New Zealand on the misuse of methamphetamine, alcohol, and other drugs.’
    • ‘So I was dismayed by the comments made by the conservative councillor chairing the meeting, who said this would be the last one and they would be replaced by ad hoc meetings when councillors feel they have something to tell us.’
    • ‘This was the first meeting chaired by the new national president.’
    • ‘If you are holding a meeting or chairing a symposium and would like to prepare a collection of papers, but do not have enough material for a Special Publication, then please get in touch.’
    • ‘I meet her at the headquarters of her organisation where she is chairing a meeting.’
    • ‘The meeting was chaired by the president, who welcomed the members.’
    • ‘‘It will be up to the administrations in those areas to decide,’ he remarked after chairing a ministerial meeting on political and security affairs.’
    • ‘The office of Mayor is almost entirely ceremonial, though the Mayor chairs meetings.’
    • ‘Tonight I'm chairing a public meeting in Hoveton on policing issues and then tomorrow morning we have Michael Howard coming to Cromer.’
    • ‘Schools will be paired with local universities to provide expert speakers, the children choosing the topic, chairing the meetings and advertising each event.’
    • ‘The institution responsible for initiatives, chairing meetings, and implementing decisions was the presidency, rotating between member states.’
    • ‘She also learned administrative skills - how to speak in public, write a grant, chair a meeting.’
    • ‘The meeting was chaired by the President who welcomed a full attendance of members.’
    • ‘Councillor Brett will be chairing a fringe meeting at the Lib Dems' conference in Bournemouth in order to drum up more national support for the local campaign.’
    • ‘Mr Brown, of the Crescent Hotel, agreed to chair future meetings that are open to the public.’
    • ‘The Senator will chair a Public Forum on Child Abuse at Southbank, Brisbane on July 31.’
    • ‘During its period of office, that member state has responsibility for organizing and chairing meetings of the Council of Ministers and its various committees.’
    • ‘In addition to chairing meetings of the council, the office holder is obliged to attend a number of activities and functions.’
    preside over, take the chair of, be in the chair at, officiate at, moderate
    View synonyms
  • 2British Carry (someone) aloft in a chair or in a sitting position to celebrate a victory.

    ‘no one seemed anxious to chair him round the hall’
    • ‘So magical had been his performance that he was chaired from the ground by his opponents as well as his own team-members!’
    • ‘At the completion of the game, Warne lapped up yet another standing ovation from the 79,000-strong crowd, the champ responding in kind, bowing and blowing kisses to the crowd before a futile attempt to chair him off the ground.’
    • ‘You've never seen anyone get to the victory stand so fast, even with his short-stop house-mate Ruben's failed effort to chair him up there.’
    • ‘As Lord Cloncurry was departing, there was an universal cry to chair him into town, and he was surrounded for that purpose by a large group of gentlemen near the gate of the Old Man's Hospital.’

Phrases

  • take the chair

    • Act as chairperson.

      ‘the account executive will usually take the chair in meetings’
      • ‘When I first took the chair of the Australia Council in the mid 90s, we surveyed most artists and writers about what they needed in order to produce their creative work.’
      • ‘Our advisor again took the chair, in her speech she stressed the absolute necessity of having a president, secretary and treasurer, so that our branch could continue to function.’
      • ‘Held in the Royal British Legion on March 10, due to the unavoidable absence of the chairman, the vice-chairman took the chair.’
      • ‘Jim Wallace took the chair and asked if anyone had any ideas about what ministers should be doing.’
      • ‘Ron Atkinson took the chair for the following season.’
      • ‘It was also a significant day for Rohan who was performing his first official function in his home town since taking the chair.’
      • ‘Bridget Roche took the chair as Toastmaster for the meeting and was amply assisted by the Club President Aidan Russell.’
      • ‘Only if the Nordic bid was to be eliminated at this stage would Johansson take the chair as president of Uefa.’
      • ‘Kathy was a popular choice as President of the Kildare Guild and took the chair on many occasions - a role which she filled in a dignified and common-sense manner.’
      • ‘The election process was swift with the past vice president taking the chair as president for the next two years.’
      preside, preside over, take charge, be in charge, be in charge of, be responsible, be responsible for, direct, head, head up, manage, oversee, superintend, supervise, conduct, run, lead, chair, take the chair
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French chaiere (modern chaire ‘bishop's throne, etc.’, chaise ‘chair’), from Latin cathedra ‘seat’, from Greek kathedra. Compare with cathedral.

Pronunciation

chair

/tʃɛː/