Definition of chain in English:

chain

noun

  • 1A series of linked metal rings used for fastening or securing something, or for pulling loads:

    ‘he slid the bolts on the front door and put the safety chain across’
    ‘the drug dealer is being kept in chains’
    • ‘Then began the search for a chain or strong rope.’
    • ‘The guards jerked at the chains forcing the slaves to stumble forward as they were led towards the huge mansion.’
    • ‘I followed him into the room and he yanked a chain hanging from the ceiling.’
    • ‘Olivier was shackled with 25 pounds of chains and forced to sleep on a hard concrete prison floor for over eight years.’
    • ‘He lunged forward, but the heavy chains around his ankles brought him crashing back down to the ground.’
    • ‘There were heavy, rusty chains around her wrists and ankles that hurt when they tightened.’
    • ‘Elephants are tethered by chains so people can climb on them for a cute photo for a fee of 10 yuan.’
    • ‘Four men in a stolen red Vauxhall Cavalier attacked the stand-alone cash machine by placing a metal chain around it and pulling it out onto the pavement.’
    • ‘The coils are contained within a steel cylinder fitted with fins, which would float just below the surface of the water, anchored to the sea-bed by chains, and rotated by the force of the tides.’
    • ‘He had a collar around his neck with a chain dangling from it.’
    • ‘In that performance, the magician was tied with metal chains and secured by 50 locks.’
    • ‘Future projects for the most famous illusionist since David Copperfield include being thrown off Tower Bridge while tied in chains and weighted down with lead.’
    • ‘More often than not, temple elephants kept in chains and overfed without enough exercise become fat.’
    • ‘The second time he did the trick with me, he pulled the chain… and the links kinked up and caught together, preventing the loop from falling apart.’
    • ‘He was taken away in chains while the villagers looked on and cheered.’
    • ‘Four feet of open air separated them, and four feet of heavy chain bound them together.’
    • ‘They hung off the ground and were suspended by massive chains attached to the ceiling.’
    • ‘They yanked on her chains forcing her to bend and twist at their will like a puppet on strings.’
    • ‘The Rainbow Warrior had been blockading the military port until police boarded the ship on Saturday night and cut her anchor chain forcing the ship into dock.’
    • ‘Prisoners in chains appear in the Mutombo, Kalema, and Nguba paintings.’
    fetters, shackles, bonds, irons, leg irons, manacles, handcuffs
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A decorative chain worn round the neck as jewellery or as a badge of office:
      ‘a tall man with a heavy gold chain round his neck’
      • ‘Snapping the bracelets on and the chain around my neck, I came to sliding the leather belt around my slender waist only to put the two chains on it.’
      • ‘Sapphires and jet decorated a chain around his neck, the gems glittering as coldly as his eyes.’
      • ‘He wears the outfit of the young man about town, jeans, a colourful t-shirt, shiningly bright white trainers, a thick silver chain round his neck and one on his wrist, but there is a depth, too.’
      • ‘She took the pendant and clasped the chain around her neck.’
      • ‘When Maradona appears on Dancing With The Stars via satellite on Friday he is wearing two stud earrings, a heavy crucifix on a chain around his neck, jeans and a red T-shirt tight enough to keep no secrets.’
      • ‘I reached inside my blouse and pulled out a silver chain with a silver ring on it.’
      • ‘At the foot of Mark's pulpit, positioned in the foreground, is an unmistakable self-portrait of Gentile; round his neck hangs the chain presented to him by Mehmed.’
      • ‘The earrings, chains, chokers and necklaces stood out for their designs - elegant but subdued, stylish yet not loud.’
      • ‘Sometimes they enjoyed big success, as with the debt restructuring at Signet, the jewellery chain, and Wembley.’
      • ‘This example would have been worn on a chain round the neck, proudly displayed like an order or badge of loyalty.’
      • ‘Dressed up in a track suit with a baseball cap, rings on his finger and a silver chain round his neck, the 25 years old explains to the Vacuum how to get most of the brew.’
      • ‘She was no longer biting her fingernail, but fidgeting with the gold cross on a chain around her neck.’
      • ‘And she will be wearing Steve's wedding ring on a chain around her neck.’
      • ‘He approached a car queueing at the drive-through, reached through the window and grabbed a gold chain from round the driver's neck.’
      • ‘Both she and her mother wear jewelry, earrings; the girl also wears a chain with some gold trinkets, the mother, beads.’
      • ‘He was wearing a grey vest with six silver chains round his neck.’
      • ‘She leaned away from him and lifted the gold chain from around her neck.’
      • ‘As in many countries, wealthier men sometimes wear large gold chains around their necks.’
      • ‘He wears a gold chain around a neck that is thick as a thigh.’
      • ‘The lady also shows the girdle of a Franciscan tertiary visible at her knee, an affiliation confirmed by the brown scapular pendant on a gold chain around her neck.’
      locket, medallion, drop, stone
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A restrictive force or factor:
      ‘workers secured by the chains of the labour market’
      • ‘A small group started a movement that got the support of a nation to bring down an ideology that kept the country in chains.’
      • ‘As Jean Jacques Rousseau said - man is born free, but everywhere in chains.’
      • ‘Are we meant to consider that the arrival of the electronic book signals a new freedom for the reader, casing off the restrictive chains of the traditional book?’
      • ‘Do the work, stay in the shadows, accept what you are given and never think of organizing to challenge the structure that holds you in chains.’
      • ‘In a slave society, where body and mind are in chains, music portrays the fairer sex as a creature to be enslaved.’
  • 2A sequence of items of the same type forming a line:

    ‘he kept the chain of buckets supplied with water’
    • ‘The slumps form a chain of isolated hills easily recognizable in the elevation model.’
    • ‘On November 3 an underwater path to safety was marked with stakes and lined with a chain of small boats crewed by firefighters.’
    • ‘One hundred million years ago Tobago was in the Pacific, part of a chain of volcanic islands.’
    • ‘In the northwest Pacific you can see a whole series of seamount chains that were formed by hotspots.’
    • ‘The day had been bright until then, but we'd noticed a bank of fog building up steadily on the outside of the island chain, flopping its forelock languidly over the mountain ridges, waiting for a breeze to give it a leg up.’
    • ‘Roughly around midnight the disco music stopped and a chain of exotic dancers paraded onto the floor.’
    • ‘Standing upon the Tor, one's eye is drawn to the chain of hills running across the south, forming one lip of the bowl surrounding the Levels.’
    • ‘In some lost hours we made a chain of chairs, balancing on two legs, and made them topple one after each other like domino tiles.’
    • ‘Organizers set up a chain of tents and makeshift toilets to accommodate the protestors.’
    • ‘Through the Desert is a pretty clever game, but as a themed game it stinks - camels simply don't line up in endless chains across the burning wastelands.’
    • ‘At the large camp with the horses, look for a wooden box next to the tents in the middle of the chain of tents.’
    • ‘The Balaton Highland is a chain of rolling hills north of Lake Balaton and south of the Veszprem Plateau, rising some 200 m above the lake level.’
    series, succession, string, sequence, train, trail, run, pattern, progression, course, set, line, row, concatenation
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A series of connected elements:
      ‘the action would initiate a chain of events’
      • ‘All three of these systems create a movement, and if any portion of the kinetic chain does not work efficiently the movement is compromised, forcing other systems in the body to jump in and help out.’
      • ‘None of the carcasses entered the human food supply chain or were rendered.’
      • ‘The discovery of an aircraft he claims crashed into the sea after being badly damaged sets in train a shocking chain of events that forces him to confront his own demons from the war.’
      • ‘But how could this boy start in motion a chain of events that would elicit such turmoil?’
      • ‘The Defendant's intention to terminate in any event breaks the chain of causation.’
      • ‘Neville's actions set in motion a chain of events that have become depressingly familiar these days.’
      • ‘It's a chain of successful events strung together to accomplish one goal.’
      • ‘And the Rayong plant may have the distinction of operating the world's longest supply chain.’
      • ‘The arrival of Ali, her cousin from Iran, sets forth a chain of events, forcing a re-examination of her background and the world around her.’
      • ‘It identified the length of the reporting chains as a factor in why so much intelligence was unreliable.’
      • ‘And leaving the Waratahs set in motion the chain of events that took him to Ireland.’
      • ‘Nor will there be learning/teaching as occurs in chains of command or chains of functional support.’
      • ‘The logical chain leading from recovery from illness to an understanding of the animals' language is similarly opaque.’
      • ‘The uncertainty surrounding him would cause a chain of events and interviews, due diligence any team looking to acquire Williams in a trade would insist upon.’
      • ‘Further down the value chain, copper, lead and aluminium were all on the climb.’
      • ‘The full direction is therefore necessary where ‘… lies constitute an important element in the chain of proof.’’
      • ‘Negligent intervening acts may or may not break the chain of causation.’
      • ‘The food supply chain is comprised of inputs and outputs, explains Wilson.’
      • ‘Crime, like everything else, has causes, some of which are injustices, and the presence of a wrong in the causal chain leading to a crime does not normally constrain state action.’
      • ‘It wouldn't happen, even though (ex hypothesi) the government decision is part of the causal chain leading to the violence in question.’
    2. 2.2 A connected series of mountains:
      ‘a mountain chain’
      • ‘Sasha jumped, seeing a chain of red mountains in the distance.’
      • ‘From Tardets you can see the Pyrenean mountains rising up into a chain that extends all the way to the Mediterranean Sea.’
      • ‘A chain of mountains, the Apennines, juts down the center of the peninsula.’
      • ‘In the far north are the alps; in Sicily, the Madonie form yet another chain of central mountains.’
      • ‘Many ridges of the Rocky Mountain chain exceed 2000 m elevation, and some have glaciers occupying the mountain tops and high valleys.’
      • ‘The view from the high ground includes endless chains of towering mountains, running from horizon to horizon.’
      • ‘The mountains touching the coast are steep and joined to the chain further inland.’
      • ‘Ahead of him he saw a great shining sea and nearby was a chain of tall, snow-topped mountains.’
      • ‘The central spine of mountains, a last fling of the Andean chain, are matted in rainforest, threaded with trails, cooled by waterfalls and home to more birds per square mile than anywhere in the world.’
      • ‘It was climbing up over a tall chain of mountains.’
      • ‘A smaller chain of mountains, nowhere near as tall as Zenith ran along the outer rim of the rain forest of the northern territory, separating the land of the lizards from the rest of Darikoth to the south.’
      • ‘Most of it is in the Serra de Tramuntana, the chain of mountains that runs across the north of the island.’
      • ‘It is a region of hot, dry, windswept plains broken in places by chains of low mountains.’
      • ‘Within the Tethyan belt, Turkey is well known for extensive areas of ophiolitic rocks in the mountains of the Alpine chain.’
      • ‘Far on the horizon, there was a chain of mountains.’
      • ‘South along the chain of mountains you'll find the peak of Eriagon above the lake at the western entrance of Muriah.’
      • ‘On the landward side it was now white-capped mountain ranges, ranks of huge mountains that joined with the chain running down the centre of the continent.’
      • ‘The sun turned the chain of mountains on the western horizon an amber red, but it was slowly engulfed by the creeping darkness.’
      • ‘The Rocky Mountains form a majestic chain stretching from Canada through central Mexico.’
      • ‘Far ahead to the north, across a rock-strewn gulf, was a chain of low-lying mountains locked away behind an otherworldly wall of haze.’
    3. 2.3 A group of hotels, restaurants, or shops owned by the same company:
      ‘the agency is part of a nationwide chain’
      [as modifier] ‘a chain restaurant’
      • ‘Making an exception for the Salvation Army might force the chain to welcome other charities that don't sit well with customers.’
      • ‘GUS owns retail chain Argos as well as a number of catalogue brands.’
      • ‘Under pressure from powerfully conservative retail chains, the band was forced to accept a substitute.’
      • ‘The clients range from big chain stores, government right down to small businesses.’
      • ‘In Blackheath, even the few chain stores are run like small local shops.’
      • ‘What's the problem with the ABC running a retail chain?’
      • ‘The department-store chain was forced by the Takeover Panel to issue a statement on Friday after a steady rise in its share price last week.’
      • ‘Yet the big chains stayed open, forcing smaller competitors to do the same to cater for the small but consistent demand for foreign racing.’
      • ‘His company has the size to survive such a hit, he says, but many travel companies and hotel chains have been cutting staff, reducing shifts and eliminating holiday pay and benefits.’
      • ‘Burton said that without a major reduction in labor costs, Giant and Safeway's share of the market will continue to slide, forcing the chains to cut jobs.’
      • ‘The Corporation has a chain of 14 hotels in prime locations of Goa.’
      • ‘These wines will be offered to other distributors, as well as to key retailers and small hotel and restaurant chains across the country.’
      • ‘Mexican merchants own most national supermarket chains, but American and French companies are rapidly gaining influence in this sector.’
      • ‘Beginning Jan.1 next year, officials said, the trial will become a compulsory regulation for all fast-food chain stores.’
      • ‘So it's easier to build a lasting business if you make soap or run a retail chain.’
      • ‘Orders from restaurant chains and resort hotels were good.’
      • ‘Supermarket chain Tesco has joined forces with Pendleside Hospice in a bid to smash this year's fundraising targets.’
      • ‘I own a hotel, a chain of restaurants, several factories and shares in shipping, insurance and defence.’
      • ‘What's the largest fast junk food chain in the country?’
      • ‘One major southern chain was forced last week to buy in vegetables from England after it became clear Irish suppliers were unable to meet demand.’
    4. 2.4British A situation in which the sale of a house or flat is dependent on the prospective buyer selling their own or the seller buying another first:
      ‘our offer was accepted this morning and there's no chain’
      • ‘I am beginning to wonder if you want to sell me a property - I am a cash buyer, I have no chain - what's going on?’
      • ‘I put an offer in on October 10 and we're stuck in a chain and have no idea when it'll be sorted.’
      • ‘You'd think I wasn't sitting here, cash (sorta) buyer, no chain.’
      • ‘For those in a chain, vendors should be aware that the days of the easily obtainable bridging loan are long gone.’
      • ‘Most houses in the UK are sold as links in a chain, where buyers and sellers are all linked together in sequence.’
      • ‘There's apparently no chain on the other end, so moving in should be as fast as it takes to sort out the paperwork - maybe four to six weeks.’
      • ‘However, some will offer to do so out of goodwill, or if you are seen as a good buyer, for example, because you are not in a chain.’
    5. 2.5 A part of a molecule consisting of a number of atoms bonded together in a linear sequence.
      • ‘Here, the molecule is drawn out with the longest chain of carbon atoms as the central part.’
      • ‘Fatty acids that contain double bonds between carbon atoms in their chain are termed unsaturated fatty acids.’
      • ‘Thermoplastics consist of long carbon chains that are covalently bonded to chains of other atoms.’
      • ‘Diene elastomers can be recognized by the presence of double bonds in the main chains of the macromolecular molecules.’
      • ‘Lewis structures can also be written for more complex molecules that have a chain of bonded atoms instead of a single central atom.’
    6. 2.6 A figure in a quadrille or similar dance, in which dancers meet and pass each other in a continuous sequence.
      • ‘It could be prompted as a quadrille or used as the figure in a singing call or adapted to a patter routine by having the Four Ladies Chain instead of doing the Allemande Left, etc.’
      • ‘Step combinations are given for nineteen quadrille figures, such as "right and left," "hands round," "English chain," "ladies' chain," and "balance."’
      • ‘The corps performs adaptations of folk-dance like material: chains, circle dances, and crossing steps.’
  • 3A jointed measuring line consisting of linked metal rods.

    • ‘The chain was a surveyors chain of 22 yds, two men and an umpire measuring the hit.’
    • ‘The offices of the two ministers of the law were at about equal distance, and resort was had to a surveyor's chain, to ascertain which was nearest.’
    • ‘There was also in evidence picket poles, rods, chains and all the instrumental paraphernalia of field work.’
    1. 3.1 A measure of length equivalent to a chain (66 ft).
      • ‘Frank Lenthal's winning hit that broke a thirty year record at Elland, West Yorkshire was 13 chains 6 yards and 2 feet.’
      • ‘The original family home built in 1123 AD is a traditional square Norman castle four chains wide with turrets two chains high at each of the four corners.’
      • ‘Regular lots are 30 chains wide and 66.67 chains in depth.’
      • ‘Shallow streams and intermittent streams without well defined channel or banks are not meandered, even when more than 3 chains wide.’
  • 4chainsA structure of planks projecting horizontally from a sailing ship's sides abreast of the masts, used to widen the basis for the shrouds.

    • ‘Special platforms were built for the leadsman, but the term chains was retained.’
    • ‘She was accidentally rammed by HMS Warrior in thick weather in the winter of 1867, losing boats, chains, shrouds and back stays.’
    • ‘To stand "in the chains" means to stand upon the chain-wale between two shrouds, from where the leadsman heaves the hand-lead to measure water depth.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Fasten or secure with a chain:

    ‘she chained her bicycle to the railings’
    • ‘Graham chained his bike to the bike rack and they met up at the train.’
    • ‘For Brockovich, being an environmentalist is not about chaining oneself to a tree but ‘intercepting deceit.’’
    • ‘There was nothing we could have done to make this more secure, short of chaining the airplanes to the ground.’
    • ‘Home-owner Richard Gavan had thought that chaining his treasured Piaggio Liberty to the pipe under his front window was a foolproof way of keeping it safe.’
    • ‘The iron hooks that prisoners were chained to are still visible on the walls.’
    • ‘The group, which has already staged road blockades on major routes, has not ruled out deploying tactics such as chaining themselves to railings and lying on roads.’
    • ‘All the bikes were chained to each other and to the wall with a padlock.’
    • ‘I'm confused, what did you morons hope to achieve by chaining yourself to railings and preventing ordinary, decent, working people from going about their business?’
    • ‘On September 3, two protesters held up delegates travelling to the show for 40 minutes by chaining themselves to two trains.’
    • ‘We thought of getting another one and chaining it to a tree or to a cement-locked stake in the ground, but then we realized we were getting a bit too much of an eerie glow in our eyes.’
    • ‘She mounted a campaign of opposition, chaining herself to the gates in an attempt to highlight the gross injustice.’
    • ‘Peace campaigners today chained themselves to gates at Menwith Hill in an effort to shut down the North Yorkshire spy base.’
    • ‘Supermarket giants like Tesco began chaining trolleys after finding customers were using them to take their shopping home.’
    • ‘Always chain your bike to something other than itself.’
    • ‘Diane King had even taken the precaution of chaining the baskets to brackets on the outside wall of her house, but the thieves still managed to take them.’
    • ‘Once in place, the loadmasters had to chain the heavily armored vehicles securely to the floor.’
    tie, secure, fasten, tether, hitch, bind, rope, moor
    restrain, shackle, fetter, manacle, handcuff, hobble
    confine, imprison
    trammel, gyve
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Confine with a chain:
      ‘he had been chained up’
      figurative ‘as an actuary you will not be chained to a desk’
      • ‘She couldn't remember how long she had been chained up, or what day it was.’
      • ‘I've never been unhappier than when I was chained to a terminal for nine hours a day.’
      • ‘When wolves stalk the flock, best not to chain the dogs.’
      • ‘Cartooning as a day job meant chaining yourself to your table, scratching out a living in silence, interrupted only by frequent trips to the coffee shop.’
      • ‘Two guys wake up chained by their legs in a disused washroom.’
      • ‘I refuse to be chained to a desk, and I won't be.’
      • ‘Movement was restricted because I was chained up, there was little chance of exercise.’
      • ‘I was chained up for most of the previous four and a half years.’
      • ‘I'm talking about when Dumbo comes to see his mother but she's all chained up and can't get to him.’
      • ‘Houdini could get out of a glass box full of water in a couple of minutes, even chained up and in a straitjacket.’
      • ‘You know, Rather prides himself on not being chained to the anchor desk.’
      • ‘Mr Lowe said although his stud dogs were chained up they had huge pens.’
      • ‘They had a huge Alsatian that they kept chained up in the side passage leading to their garden.’
      • ‘It hasn't worked for Haw so far, and I'm not sure it will, but I'm a bit worried that it might work for my pro-hunting Yorkshire friend next time she chains herself to the Commons railings.’
      • ‘A sibling showed authorities a pair of handcuffs he said were used to chain his brother in the basement, according to charging documents.’
      • ‘It never said exactly what it was he did, but it must have been pretty bad, because he was all chained up.’
      • ‘The man had already made sure the pooch in the yard he was about to deliver to was chained up.’
      • ‘Kellerman gets chained to a desk while his past in the Arson department gets scrutinized.’
      • ‘My fertile imagination cannot be chained to administerial tasks.’
      • ‘They are chained inside tents or cordoned off in small areas of fields by circus owners in the hope of drawing in profits.’

Phrases

  • drag the chain

    • informal Work slowly and ineffectively; lag behind:

      ‘the government is dragging the chain on this issue’
      • ‘We have said 30 days, and if the Minister drags the chain he can stretch it out to 60.’
      • ‘She challenged the "myth" that the party had dragged the chain on migrant issues.’
      • ‘A smart State would not drag the chain; it would not only keep up with the rest of the country but it would lead the country.’
      • ‘He was inclined to drag the chain, though, and needed the occasional, "Come on, dad!"’
      • ‘It would have assisted employers to know when someone was not just dragging the chain but also taking ruthless advantage.’
      • ‘Most car makers are dragging the chain in using the new technology, despite their low cost.’
      • ‘The local plod was dragging the chain when it came to enforcing the 2.00 a.m. closing time.’
      • ‘A more reasonable excuse for buying them would be to convince allies we are not "dragging the chain" and so deserve protection, should we need it.’
      • ‘We have to contrast its dragging the chain on conservation with its pushing ahead on economic growth.’
      • ‘Dragging the chain and mindless dissing of people who are trying to push us in the right direction is simply foolish.’
  • pull (or yank) someone's chain

    • informal Tease someone by leading them to believe something untrue:

      ‘he's just pulling your chain’
      • ‘But if I find out you've been yanking my chain, it will get very unpleasant.’
      • ‘I've let this slander pass, because I think the audience realizes he's just yanking my chain, and because he was also kind enough to invite me to guest host the show.’
      • ‘I only hope they weren't just pulling my chain when they took my info, that's all.’
      • ‘It was after being caught speeding while trying to get my wife to her compulsory speed awareness course that it struck me: the police were yanking my chain.’
      • ‘When you can't tell if the tech is dead serious or yanking your chain, it's time to hang up.’
      • ‘Centre Manager Tim Campbell said he was delighted when the congratulatory letter arrived, although at first he suspected someone was pulling his chain.’
      • ‘Or are you just yanking my chain to see how I'll react?’
      • ‘But the IMF, still bailing out Indonesia, has yanked the government 's chain, delaying until May the next $400 million loan payment.’
      • ‘That should have tipped me off that he was either yanking my chain or wasn't someone to be taken seriously.’
      • ‘For all I know, you're some kind of hacker, or somebody I know who is yanking my chain.’
      make fun of, poke fun at, chaff, make jokes about, rag, mock, laugh at, guy, satirize, be sarcastic about
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French chaine, chaeine, from Latin catena a chain.

Pronunciation:

chain

/tʃeɪn/