Definition of cerebrum in English:

cerebrum

nounPlural cerebra

Anatomy
  • The principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, located in the front area of the skull and consisting of two hemispheres, left and right, separated by a fissure. It is responsible for the integration of complex sensory and neural functions and the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity in the body.

    • ‘These changes were observed in a multifocal distribution involving the white matter of the cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem, and spinal cord.’
    • ‘The cerebrum, pons, and medulla were hypoplastic.’
    • ‘The cortical system of arterial branches ramifies over the cerebrum to supply the cortex with arterioles that anastomose in the pia mater.’
    • ‘When pain is experienced, this sensation has reached the cerebrum through complex and dynamic interactions.’
    • ‘The outer layer of the cerebrum, called the cerebral cortex, is responsible for most higher brain functions such as thought, reasoning, memory, and voluntary muscle movement.’
    cerebral matter
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin, ‘brain’.

Pronunciation

cerebrum

/ˈsɛrɪbrəm/