Definition of cerebrum in English:


nounPlural cerebra

  • The principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, located in the front area of the skull and consisting of two hemispheres, left and right, separated by a fissure. It is responsible for the integration of complex sensory and neural functions and the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity in the body.

    • ‘These changes were observed in a multifocal distribution involving the white matter of the cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem, and spinal cord.’
    • ‘The cerebrum, pons, and medulla were hypoplastic.’
    • ‘The cortical system of arterial branches ramifies over the cerebrum to supply the cortex with arterioles that anastomose in the pia mater.’
    • ‘When pain is experienced, this sensation has reached the cerebrum through complex and dynamic interactions.’
    • ‘The outer layer of the cerebrum, called the cerebral cortex, is responsible for most higher brain functions such as thought, reasoning, memory, and voluntary muscle movement.’
    cerebral matter
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Early 17th century: from Latin, ‘brain’.