Definition of centum in English:

centum

noun

Indian English, Anglo-Indian
rare
  • A group or collection of a hundred things (especially poems, songs, etc.) or (rarely) people; a hundred.

noun

Linguistics
  • Attributive Designating a group of chiefly western Indo-European languages having (voiceless) velar plosives (as in Latin centum) where cognate words in the eastern group have sibilants; relating to or characteristic of this group. Contrasted with "satem".

Origin

Mid 19th century; earliest use found in William Taylor (1765–1836), reviewer and translator. From classical Latin centum hundred from the same Indo-European base as hund<br>late 19th century; earliest use found in Classical Review. From classical Latin centum hundred, after German Centum-, (now usually) Kentum- (chiefly in Centumsprache, (now usually) Kentumsprache centum language), with reference to those Indo-European languages in which it is assumed that the Indo-European palatalized voiceless velar plosives (as in Latin centum) did not become sibilants; compare satem.

Pronunciation

centum

/ˈsɛntəm/