Definition of centrifuge in English:

centrifuge

noun

  • A machine with a rapidly rotating container that applies centrifugal force to its contents, typically to separate fluids of different densities (e.g. cream from milk) or liquids from solids.

    • ‘Employees then apply a series of enzymes to break down the connective tissue between the cells and spin them in a centrifuge to separate the cells from the intercellular waste.’
    • ‘RPMs for different centrifuges can be determined by consulting the nomogram in the manufacturer's manual that comes with the centrifuge.’
    • ‘The murky liquid produced is part oil, part fruit water, and it has to be separated in a centrifuge.’
    • ‘If a passenger candidate develops electrocardiographic abnormalities during centrifugation, the centrifuge can be stopped and, most likely, the irregular heart rhythm will revert to normal beating.’
    • ‘After the Uranium metal was separated form the Uranium ore it is put into a gas centrifuge to separate the U - 235 and U - 238.’
    • ‘A decanter centrifuge is defined for separating a heavy phase material from a liquid within a feed mixture.’
    • ‘Use of filters and centrifuges to eliminate all solid matter are effective, but some people claim these methods also remove body and character from the wine.’
    • ‘After donation, all the blood is divided into its constituent parts by a 3,000-revolution per minute centrifuge according to differential density.’
    • ‘Nowadays cream is separated mechanically in a centrifuge, a revolving circular vessel in which the cream migrates to the centre, from which it is drawn off.’
    • ‘A centrifuge may include a fluid separation wall aligned substantially parallel to an axis of rotation and include an inner surface, a void area, and an outer surface.’
    • ‘Next, the crystals are harvested from the refining liquid through two centrifuges arranged in parallel.’
    • ‘For one of his current projects, he renders and filters the fat out of Kobe beef and he puts the liquid into a centrifuge, which separates it by density into three distinct layers, each with a different flavor.’
    • ‘Blood was collected from the basilic wing vein, and plasma was separated with a centrifuge.’
    • ‘The suspension is then passed to a series of centrifuges where the cells are separated from the liquid residue, and these centrifuged cells are collectively known as mycoprotein.’
    • ‘When blood is taken, it is spun in a centrifuge and the platelets separated out, with the remaining blood going back to the donor.’
    • ‘Sugar from sugar cane - cane is crushed to release its juice which is cleared of impurities, reduced down then spun in a centrifuge to separate the sucrose which is allowed to crystallize.’
    • ‘In simple terms this demands the construction either of large, slowly rotating vehicles or small, rapidly spinning human centrifuges that can be contained within more conventional spacecraft.’
    • ‘The same goes for the high-tech metal alloys needed to produce centrifuges and the powerful motors to rotate these centrifuges at very high speeds.’
    • ‘In addition, he informed the Agency that the commercial scale enrichment facility, which is planned to contain over 50,000 centrifuges, was not scheduled to receive nuclear material in the near future.’
    • ‘What are the chances that the uneducated dictator could tell a centrifuge from a cow-milking machine?’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Subject to the action of a centrifuge.

    • ‘Finally, the excess lipid was eliminated by centrifuging the sample for 1 min, discarding the supernatant, rehydrating and vortexing the sample five times.’
    • ‘At steady state, cells were centrifuged and the fluorescence of the supernatant measured.’
    • ‘Platelet-poor plasma was obtained by centrifuging each specimen at 2500g for 15 minutes.’
    • ‘The blood samples were centrifuged and plasma was removed without disturbing the buffy coat and erythrocyte sediments.’
    • ‘Samples were centrifuged at 10,000 g.’
    • ‘Confirmation of chromophore adsorption to spheres was done by centrifuging chromophore-sphere preparations and remeasuring absorption and fluorescence spectra of the supernatant.’
    • ‘After cooling to room temperature, the solution was centrifuged at 800 rpm for 5 min.’
    • ‘The extracts were centrifuged, and absorbances measured with a Pharmacia LKB UV / visible spectrophotometer.’
    • ‘Within 12 h, blood samples were centrifuged and plasma was collected.’
    • ‘Blood samples were centrifuged, hematocrit recorded, and plasma stored frozen.’
    • ‘The donor bag was then centrifuged and the platelet-rich plasma transferred to a sterile plastic centrifuge bottle.’
    • ‘Bile must be centrifuged and examined under polarizing or light microscopy for detection of precipitates.’
    • ‘This flotation gradient was centrifuged as described before.’
    • ‘The packed cell volume is determined by centrifuging the specimen in capillary tubes and measuring the height of the red cell column.’
    • ‘Blood was centrifuged in the field with a portable centrifuge, and samples were cold-stored in the field before being frozen in the laboratory at the end of the day.’
    • ‘The extracts were centrifuged at 13 000 rpm in a bench top centrifuge for 5 min at 4°C.’
    • ‘Blood samples were centrifuged at 1,300 x g for 25 min, and plasma was removed.’
    • ‘The cells were centrifuged and subjected to a mild hypotonic treatment (0.56% ammonium oxalate).’
    • ‘After 10 s mixing with vortex, the suspension was centrifuged at 16 000 g for 2 min.’
    • ‘The 10 ml samples were centrifuged and the absorbance of the supernatant was measured at 280 nm to determine the lignin content.’
    1. 1.1Separate by centrifuge.
      ‘the black liquid is centrifuged into oil and water’
      • ‘In both cases, the solid catalyst was centrifuged out, washed in 40 ml of DI water, centrifuged again, and finally vacuum dried at room temperature for 12 h.’
      • ‘Water insolubles were centrifuged out and discarded.’
      • ‘Blood collected in red top tubes can be centrifuged into two layers - white and red cells.’

Pronunciation:

centrifuge

/ˈsɛntrɪfjuːdʒ/