Definition of centigrade in English:



  • another term for Celsius
    • ‘Day-time temperatures are frequently in the low twenties centigrade but, once night falls, they plummet to minus ten or even below that in a matter of minutes.’
    • ‘It was a hot, cloudless and humid day, 27 degrees centigrade, with a light south-easterly wind.’
    • ‘The 40 degrees centigrade heat, high humidity and long hours all take their toll on crews.’
    • ‘Germany is also approaching its record of 40 degrees centigrade hit back in 1983.’
    • ‘Temperatures will struggle to reach zero in the daytime and are expected to plummet to around minus 10 degrees centigrade overnight.’
    • ‘The authors wrote that ‘the trend in daily mean temperature due to land use changes is 0.35 degrees centigrade per century.’’
    • ‘At about 400 degrees centigrade, the nano-tip comes into contact with the plastic substrate allowing it to ‘write’ by punching a hole into the surface.’
    • ‘The Fassenon nuclear plant in eastern France was just two degrees centigrade away from an emergency shutdown, forcing technicians to hose down one of the reactors.’
    • ‘The organizer has built a large refrigerator covering 1,500 square metres and temperature inside is kept below minus 14 centigrade degrees.’
    • ‘Weather experts are predicting a scorcher of a summer - the government recently issued a heat-wave plan after the Met Office predicted that summer temperatures would exceed the 22 degrees centigrade average.’
    • ‘The choice of temperatures was based on the fact that the cells were caught at approximately 25 degrees centigrade and grown into clonal populations at 21-24 degrees centigrade.’
    • ‘The heat exchangers will convert waste heat from the 360 degrees centigrade flame grills - where the chain's famous Whopper burger comes to life - into energy.’
    • ‘This was a sunny day, with the temperature in the low to mid twenties centigrade, so the tables were mostly full.’
    • ‘We can be confident that water boiled at 100 degrees centigrade under conditions of normal pressure in Jerusalem in the fifth century CE, just as it did in nineteenth century Chicago.’
    • ‘The effect of this was to heat the air to a temperature which at times was estimated to approach 1,000 degrees centigrade.’
    • ‘Unlike most sponges, they release their contents only when heated to temperatures of hundreds of degrees centigrade.’
    • ‘As clear skies and sunshine sent temperatures up to 25 degrees centigrade, hundreds packed Hilly Fields, Brockley, for the ever-popular festival.’
    • ‘If you are walking outdoors on a 37 degrees centigrade day and suddenly feel weak, dizzy and nauseous chances are you are suffering from heat exhaustion.’
    • ‘Temperatures in the shady old town never rise above 25 degrees centigrade.’
    • ‘Thermal conditions are also extreme, with external temperatures ranging from plus or minus more than a hundred degrees centigrade.’


  • The Celsius scale of temperature.

    • ‘For the next 204 years, the scientific and thermometry communities world-wide referred to this scale as the ‘centigrade scale.’’
    • ‘He observes that, while the centigrade scale may be preferential for scientists working in laboratories, the Fahrenheit scale is more suitable for measuring air temperatures to which we are all subject.’
    • ‘At first glance, it would appear that, with zero set at the freezing point of water at sea level and 100 at the boiling point, the centigrade scale is logical and obvious.’


In giving temperatures, use Celsius rather than centigrade in all contexts


Early 19th century: from French, from Latin centum ‘a hundred’ + gradus ‘step’.