Definition of causation in English:



mass noun
  • 1The action of causing something.

    ‘the postulated role of nitrate in the causation of cancer’
    • ‘A breach of duty was conceded but causation of the injury was not accepted.’
    • ‘Yet, by the end of the semester, this was the book that most illuminated their understandings of the complex causations behind forest change.’
    • ‘As the molecular mechanisms of diseases and their causations are increasingly understood, so classifications are increasingly becoming blurred and overlapping, and many diseases are now recognized as being multi-causal.’
    • ‘To my mind, the first issue which the judge had to determine was an issue of causation - did the breach of duty cause the damage alleged.’
    • ‘The mere presence of viral particles does not establish causation of autism: it may be an incidental finding.’
    • ‘Where we say the trial judge eventually failed is that he did not make a determination as to causation in this case.’
    • ‘But if you put it on that basis, your causation has not necessarily been determined.’
    • ‘A jury could reasonably decide that causation had been established, given the evidence.’
    • ‘It does not depend on proof of causation of actionable loss.’
    • ‘Since this was a correlational study, no causations can be assumed regarding self-esteem.’
    • ‘In conclusion, this study has shown smoking as the principle risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among men.’
    • ‘The general principle is that causation is established if the result would not have occurred but for D's conduct.’
    • ‘Take a standard case of mental causation: your headache causes you to go to the cupboard to get an aspirin.’
    • ‘Moreover, in simple causation the second event does not occur unless the first event has occurred.’
    • ‘The present study confirmed the harmfulness of bidis in the causation of lung cancer.’
    • ‘The criteria for determining causation of serious events were not stated.’
    • ‘Rather, liability for injuries has been extended beyond any reasonable definition of causation.’
    • ‘It inhibits a phosphorylating enzyme that's crucial in the causation of that particular cancer.’
    • ‘But counter-stories and challenges to the causations of such oblivion find little or no public space.’
    • ‘We searched Medline using strategies for studies of causation and aetiology described by McKibbon.’
    creation, causing, making, engendering, spawning, production, initiation, origination, inception, occasioning, prompting, kindling, triggering, inspiration
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The relationship between cause and effect; causality.
      ‘a strong association is not a proof of causation’
      • ‘Of course, one alternative possibility might be to deny that causation is an extensional relation.’
      • ‘If you apply the statistics, you will find correlation, even if there is no causation.’
      • ‘The intuition that causation is an intrinsic relation does not apply in this case.’
      • ‘Some authorities reverse the ordinary burden or proof with respect to causation.’
      • ‘As my psychology students realize, correlation does not equal causation.’
      • ‘We are a social order built on the notion of underlying causation and necessary explanations.’
      • ‘That involves proof of causation, which is discussed further below.’
      • ‘As was implicit in our opening reflections on causation, that conception includes causal circumstances.’
      • ‘Another version of the first kind of strategy is to clarify the notion of causation involved in the argument.’
      • ‘Time travel, entailing as it does backward causation, does not involve changing the past.’
      • ‘As often is the case, a problem covering omission will also involve a consideration of causation.’
      • ‘The courts do not appear to have grappled with the principles of causation specifically in relation to omissions.’
      • ‘He demanded that an adequate explanation of a correlation or process should specify all four aspects of causation.’
      • ‘The notion of causation, as a legal matter, involves two types of inquiry.’
      • ‘The link between correlation and causation seems to be the bone of contention.’
      • ‘It seems that people on the right and left are quick to confuse correlation with causation.’
      • ‘Probabilistic theories of causation can be used to answer both types of question.’
      • ‘There is one other matter which I must mention in relation to causation.’
      • ‘The question of connection occupies the bulk of the vast literature on causation.’
      • ‘Such conspiracy thinking is actually a misdirected partial understanding of social causation.’


  • chain of causation

    • A linked series of events leading from cause to effect, typically in the assessment of liability for damages.

      ‘in order to break the chain of causation the third party act must be independent of the breach of duty’
      • ‘Nor, in my judgment, can it be seriously argued that the negligence of the Respondents breaks the chain of causation.’
      • ‘The court did not, however, rule that the investigation into the means by which the deceased came by his death should be limited to the last link in the chain of causation.’
      • ‘Here the issue is whether the subsequent events should be regarded as severing the causal link - the chain of causation - between the conduct and the damage.’
      • ‘Unfortunately it did not enlarge on the circumstances in which self-injection would not have the effect of breaking the chain of causation.’
      • ‘However, it will probably be rare for a patient's refusal to consent to care to constitute an intervening event breaking the chain of causation.’


Late 15th century: from Latin causatio(n-) ‘pretext’ (in medieval Latin ‘the action of causing’), from causare ‘to cause’.