Definition of causation in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The action of causing something:

    ‘the postulated role of nitrate in the causation of cancer’
    • ‘The general principle is that causation is established if the result would not have occurred but for D's conduct.’
    • ‘To my mind, the first issue which the judge had to determine was an issue of causation - did the breach of duty cause the damage alleged.’
    • ‘It inhibits a phosphorylating enzyme that's crucial in the causation of that particular cancer.’
    • ‘But if you put it on that basis, your causation has not necessarily been determined.’
    • ‘Take a standard case of mental causation: your headache causes you to go to the cupboard to get an aspirin.’
    • ‘The criteria for determining causation of serious events were not stated.’
    • ‘Where we say the trial judge eventually failed is that he did not make a determination as to causation in this case.’
    • ‘Moreover, in simple causation the second event does not occur unless the first event has occurred.’
    • ‘Since this was a correlational study, no causations can be assumed regarding self-esteem.’
    • ‘The present study confirmed the harmfulness of bidis in the causation of lung cancer.’
    • ‘Yet, by the end of the semester, this was the book that most illuminated their understandings of the complex causations behind forest change.’
    • ‘A jury could reasonably decide that causation had been established, given the evidence.’
    • ‘The mere presence of viral particles does not establish causation of autism: it may be an incidental finding.’
    • ‘We searched Medline using strategies for studies of causation and aetiology described by McKibbon.’
    • ‘It does not depend on proof of causation of actionable loss.’
    • ‘Rather, liability for injuries has been extended beyond any reasonable definition of causation.’
    • ‘A breach of duty was conceded but causation of the injury was not accepted.’
    • ‘As the molecular mechanisms of diseases and their causations are increasingly understood, so classifications are increasingly becoming blurred and overlapping, and many diseases are now recognized as being multi-causal.’
    • ‘But counter-stories and challenges to the causations of such oblivion find little or no public space.’
    • ‘In conclusion, this study has shown smoking as the principle risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among men.’
    creation, causing, causation, making, engendering, spawning, production, initiation, origination, inception, occasioning, prompting, kindling, triggering, inspiration
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    1. 1.1 The relationship between cause and effect; causality:
      ‘a strong association is not a proof of causation’
      • ‘The link between correlation and causation seems to be the bone of contention.’
      • ‘Time travel, entailing as it does backward causation, does not involve changing the past.’
      • ‘Probabilistic theories of causation can be used to answer both types of question.’
      • ‘If you apply the statistics, you will find correlation, even if there is no causation.’
      • ‘The courts do not appear to have grappled with the principles of causation specifically in relation to omissions.’
      • ‘He demanded that an adequate explanation of a correlation or process should specify all four aspects of causation.’
      • ‘The question of connection occupies the bulk of the vast literature on causation.’
      • ‘The intuition that causation is an intrinsic relation does not apply in this case.’
      • ‘It seems that people on the right and left are quick to confuse correlation with causation.’
      • ‘Some authorities reverse the ordinary burden or proof with respect to causation.’
      • ‘As my psychology students realize, correlation does not equal causation.’
      • ‘That involves proof of causation, which is discussed further below.’
      • ‘As often is the case, a problem covering omission will also involve a consideration of causation.’
      • ‘There is one other matter which I must mention in relation to causation.’
      • ‘Of course, one alternative possibility might be to deny that causation is an extensional relation.’
      • ‘As was implicit in our opening reflections on causation, that conception includes causal circumstances.’
      • ‘Such conspiracy thinking is actually a misdirected partial understanding of social causation.’
      • ‘Another version of the first kind of strategy is to clarify the notion of causation involved in the argument.’
      • ‘The notion of causation, as a legal matter, involves two types of inquiry.’
      • ‘We are a social order built on the notion of underlying causation and necessary explanations.’


Late 15th century: from Latin causatio(n-) pretext (in medieval Latin the action of causing), from causare to cause.