Definition of catenary in English:



  • 1A curve formed by a wire, rope, or chain hanging freely from two points that are not in the same vertical line.

    [as modifier] ‘a catenary wire’
    • ‘What are the curvatures, which combine to define the catenary function?’
    • ‘A catenary is the curve describing a rope or chain hanging loosely between two fixed points.’
    • ‘The tapes needed to be checked on a flat surface because holding them in suspension would produce a catenary which would make it difficult to check the correctness of the measurement.’
    • ‘In mathematics Jungius proved that the catenary is not a parabola (Galileo assumed it was).’
    • ‘Because of opposition to a catenary system, the surface system uses busses powered by compressed natural gas.’
    • ‘Other topics which Adrain wrote about include a study of the catenary, and other curves which he called isotomous.’
    • ‘In the final work in this show Johns uses the simplest of motifs, a catenary line; the curve of a cord hanging between two points.’
    • ‘The Choo Choo also has a New Orleans Streetcar ride through the complex, complete with a catenary wire. We decided we would ride this at 4 PM, after our return from the tourist train trip.’
    • ‘While others in the profession worked with straight edges, Gaudi invented his own methods for modeling parabolic arches from the catenary curve created by suspending a length of chain between two points.’
    • ‘Suspended by a network of tensile wires from a central mast, this inverted catenary roof consists of five planes moored to two smaller secondary masts at each end.’
    • ‘Johann Bernoulli had already solved the problem of the catenary which had been posed by his brother in 1691.’
    • ‘Now, the principle for doing that is demonstrated by the catenary principle, otherwise known as the principle of least action; that is, Leibniz's principle of least action.’
    • ‘The tube is not stretched tight, but hangs like a chain between two posts in a shallow curve called a catenary.’
    • ‘There are results on the curve of quickest descent, results on the catenary (in particular relating this problems to that of placing spheres in an arch), and results on orthogonal trajectories.’
    • ‘Turning the curve upside down gives you an inverted catenary.’
    • ‘The thing is, you can create a catenary curve by spinning a square on its axis and tracing the trajectory of a point.’
    • ‘The roof is made in a similar way to the walls, with the cables allowed to adopt a catenary curve between the core and the outer steel compression ring.’
    • ‘He met Johann Bernoulli in 1691, shortly after the latter had made his discovery of the catenary.’
    • ‘Like the tardigrade, this earthquake-resistant house is all curves, from the oval floor plan to the dual parabolic and catenary arches of its profile.’
    • ‘At the time of his death he was working on problems in kinematics, having earlier studied statics and in particular the catenary.’
    1. 1.1A wire, rope, or chain forming a catenary.
      ‘a catenary from the electrical grid’
      • ‘At Morrisville we pass the old flyover for the PRR Trenton Cut-off freight line. It has been rehabbed and new catenary installed.’
      • ‘The electric part is that it uses a pantograph or roof mounted current collector to pick up electricity from the overhead catenary or wires - the same ones that zapped little Timu a few days ago.’
      • ‘We were able to see the concrete abutments where there were once catenary towers.’
      • ‘Metro North continues to have one track totally out of service for bridge and catenary repairs.’
      • ‘The Village luminaires feature pole, wall and catenary mounted fittings that correspond with the other site furnishings.’
      • ‘He used as reference the catenary cables of the RENFE train line that crosses the community as well as the horizon delineated by the mountains surrounding the area.’
      • ‘To add certainty to these movements, the officers used the cables of the RENFE catenary and the mountains in the background as a point of reference.’
      • ‘They recently opened electrification from Windsor to Blainville, and they electrified the track between CP and CN tracks, using overhead catenary the whole way.’
      • ‘It looks like a spider's web above the tracks with all the catenary, although rumor has it that one of the two new tracks will be ‘unplugged’ as it where.’
      • ‘If we look at that, then look at bridges and catenaries, and teach the principles.’
      • ‘The line uses a single Arrow III MU coach, running under catenary just like its much larger siblings on the other electrified lines.’
      • ‘I later found out that the problem was a transformer fire in the Bronx, which resulted in a loss of power to the overhead catenary along the Hell Gate Bridge line.’
      • ‘We were going to be in Kansas City, but not by the route used by Amtrak, that will soon have catenary.’
      • ‘But he ran through the portal before the track was laid, and he climbed a catenary pole, and was electrocuted.’
      • ‘Another innovation is a system of steel catenary cables embedded in floor slabs.’
      • ‘On the way, we passed underneath the METRA line we had ridden earlier, over a waterway, past the Skokie Shops, and experienced a power change as the train switched from third rail to overhead catenary power.’
      • ‘Howard Street has some tracks and catenary that resembles those found along St. Charles, but except for the St. Charles Streetcars in one direction, they are not used on Howard.’
      • ‘This was another eight-minute trip, during which we did the reverse procedure, switching from catenary to third rail power.’
      • ‘Once onto the actual branch, old catenary towers are visible, a reminder that this line was once electrified.’


Mid 18th century: from Latin catenarius relating to a chain, from catena chain.